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Andrea Ghez’s Black Hole Research Confirms Einstein’s Theory of Relativity | Short Film Showcase

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For the past 23 years Andrea Ghez, professor of physics and astronomy at UCLA, has been collecting data on stars that orbit black holes. She found that their motion provided an opportunity to test the fundamental laws of physics. “We asked how gravity behaves near a supermassive black hole and whether Einstein’s theory is telling us the full story. ”Einstein’s 1915 theory of general relativity holds that what we perceive as the force of gravity arises from the curvature of space and time. “In Newton’s version of gravity, space and time are separate, and do not co-mingle; under Einstein, they get completely co-mingled near a black hole,” she said. Ghez's research is the most detailed study ever conducted into the supermassive black hole and Einstein’s theory of general relativity. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe ➡ Get More Short Film Showcase: http://bit.ly/ShortFilmShowcase #NationalGeographic #AndreaGhez #ShortFilmShowcase About Short Film Showcase: The Short Film Showcase spotlights exceptional short videos created by filmmakers from around the web and selected by National Geographic editors. We look for work that affirms National Geographic's belief in the power of science, exploration, and storytelling to change the world. The filmmakers created the content presented, and the opinions expressed are their own, not those of National Geographic Partners. See more from National Geographic's Short Film Showcase at http://documentary.com Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Read more in "Extreme black hole vindicates Einstein (again)" https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/07/supermassive-black-hole-vindicates-einstein-again-sagittarius-a-star/ Follow Talking Eyes Media: https://talkingeyesmedia.org/ About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Andrea Ghez’s Black Hole Research Confirms Einstein’s Theory of Relativity | Short Film Showcase https://youtu.be/6B3P7o8QMz8 National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (459)
National Geographic (1 month ago)
When a star has a close encounter with a supermassive black hole, it gives astronomers a chance to put Einstein to the test. What intrigues you the most about Andrea Ghez's research?
Kisari Dextrosion (11 days ago)
are the number of points upon the surface of a sphere 360^360?
itchy AIDS (12 days ago)
She's done it for 20+ years and only tells us about women struggles, with no mention of breakthrough or confirmation of anything. Very self-serving video that shows no accomplishments other than fooling someone into paying her for looking through telescopes all these years. It's fitting she showed us her telescopes at 'Keck' observatory.
Romuald Mari Calingo (16 days ago)
I've been watching some sort of this kind of videos lately and I have some thoughts playing in mind. This is my thought, what if the universe is like a computer harddrive? Where all other galaxies are the state of our own galaxy today. Or simply like a chunks of memories. And another one, it can also be like a human brain. When we are remembering some events in our life, we are in present and we are not actually there. Just like, when humans is looking in a space telescope, we can see other galaxies but we are not actually there. Then I think about this blackholes is like a link to actually get there. Crazy right? Hahaha.
heithor valenzuela (1 month ago)
i would like to see a black hole devouring our own planet..
Enter the Bragn’ (1 month ago)
Stars can’t collapse, singularities are nonsense, yada yada. Research plasmoids. Far likely candidate people.
R D (8 hours ago)
We're here to talk about black hole not you
Kenneth James (6 days ago)
I guarantee no one ever said those Your a girl you cant quotes to her
Huong Nguyen (7 days ago)
Do you guy know that if you guy went to the black hole and never come back and it can be death
최유로 (8 days ago)
I can't believe that a genius scientist has come up with such a theory as to change the history of science. What's more surprising is the content of his theory. I can't imagine what's in Einstein's head.
MJ (10 days ago)
I use to have dreams about a black hole 🕳 coming on the earth 🌎 sucking everyone up.. this was before I even had heard of anything like this.. then another dream about the ground caving in.. they were this big house 🏠 we all was in it and I looked out the window to see the ground crumbling beneath us! Then they was this ship like a space ship 🚀 that we get in if we want to live.. uhhhh yeah pretty messed up lol.. idk 😐 why but I use to have this dream constantly.. that was about 22 years ago
RAMMSTONE (13 days ago)
The black hole at the centre of our galaxy must have a use by date on it. Ka boom Milky Way. I'm only joking. I'm sure you will survive. 👽👽
Team KING OMRY K/O (15 days ago)
This is Sagittarius a
Anupam Balawan (15 days ago)
I think it's not the narrator's biography. The topic is about black holes and her research. In fact much of the content of this video is about her biography in other words her achievements and interests. Non sense video.
BodyWave USA (15 days ago)
gravity does not exist, that is why we are not advancing on our surface.
Jharm Lee (16 days ago)
What if you go inside the black hole what will happen? Some may say you will die but in my imagination i think there is something inside of it, i think it is a portal to go somewhere?
ARoop Creations (15 days ago)
It is.a wormhole
M D (16 days ago)
“I think I developed a passion for proving people wrong.” Wow I needed that
Rahul Tirole (17 days ago)
Anders Hanson (23 days ago)
I really hope she has more to say than what was shown in this short film... After 20+ years I'd think you'd have more information to share.
Black holes really exist or it's just a perception?
retro letro (25 days ago)
i am scared and these people are not what
sanjuansteve (26 days ago)
Do most physicists agree that black holes are super dense spheres of mass (not unlike neutron stars, red dwarfs, etc) that have become dense and massive enough that their event horizon diameter exceeds the sphere’s diameter, going black (and that the sphere remains)?
UNCHAINED SHAMAN (1 month ago)
We are the sum total of it all. The entire cosmos. Each and every one of us has forgotten how lucky we are and it doesn't matter why. Event horizons within your own mind. The micro reflection of the macro. ❤🌍❤
Anthony Collins (1 month ago)
4:00 mins in she says, "like our sun the center of the galaxy"....
Anthony Collins (29 days ago)
@T Bounds she is a social puppet that is taught to regurgitate information of which is absurdly yet professionally manipulated to fit the erroneously determined Jesuit script required to jumpstart the last assault on Jehoavsh's image inside of use!
Mr.Stonerman 420 (29 days ago)
Imposter scientist all the way from cal tech lmao 😂
T Bounds (30 days ago)
she either meant to say solar system or she's an imposter scientist who made up her resume
Real O6 (1 month ago)
I mean 2200 I’m so sure we gone travel in time 🧭...
Santiago Azarcon (1 month ago)
Is blackhole really existing?
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
thursdays only
Zvijer 29 (1 month ago)
Uummmm. Wasn't realitivity proven in the 70s by flying atomic clocks around the earth?
Hussain Alaithan (1 month ago)
It's as if they don't feel secure about this particular theory
pacificswell (1 month ago)
When I see people in public that give no sh*ts about their appearance, I instantly assume they’re a scientist.
Raquelita Hinkerstoodle (1 month ago)
What if it's a galactic plasmoid that charges up to a threshold, fed from plasma filaments from the greater universe, then after reaching threshold, releases a massive electrical charge - exhibiting what we see as a controlled, tight line of electromagnetic energy being dispersed much farther than what should theoretically be dispersed into a vacuum. What if this plasmoid is the reason behind the cyclical fluctuation of OUR sun, that is fed by birkeland currents stringing the galexy, galactic stars, and solar planets, causing fluctuations in our jetstreams and auroraborealis. Resulting in the recent and historical weather changes for specific latitudes. This "black hole" IS a THEORY.
Raquelita Hinkerstoodle (1 month ago)
Shahzad Aslam (1 month ago)
I'm in love with this black hole lady infact super massive black hole lady and her S2 star
Shahzad Aslam (1 month ago)
@ocelot. Yes correct same here
ocelot. (1 month ago)
im in love with her black hole
Questing (1 month ago)
In a nut shell. Einsteins theory of relativity is a coordinate system, which successfully accounts for when objects point coincide and interact in space. The theory of spacetime curvature prescribes a small deviation from previous theories, of Newtons laws of motion and gravity. But all you need to do to modify Newtons laws of motion to achieve the same results of spacetime theory, is recognise a property of the world that is well termed "force dilation". Force dilation is empirically observable, definable, measureable. Force dilation which is entirely equivalent to effect of time dilation. Time dilation and force dilation are two sides of a same observation. Please consider the following......... A modulated rate of a force driven system, represents a modulated value of that systems internal forces. This is empirical fact. Furthermore, Time dilation effect is defined by "modulated rates of clocks", clocks which are force driven systems. Force dilation effect corresponds to time dilation effect. Modulate forces, and the points at which objects point coincide in space are modified. For the same reason that a ball thrown harder arrives at the other side of the yard quicker. Force dilation. But of course I say this knowing I speak to my self. I say with no disrespect, but you are so confused that you cant even recognize a simple empirical verifiable truth when you see and hear it. these are the facts
Pita Gyro (1 month ago)
That poor women☹️ but if she listened to these dumb people she wouldn't be able to do something like that amazing!
Gihan Panditha (1 month ago)
B G (1 month ago)
I seem to have missed the test and the confirmation was anything proven or is it still just a theory
Nidhi Shah (1 month ago)
She really loves her work. She's living her passion. Respect!
MANU RANI GUPTA (1 month ago)
Stinrg theory is best
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
More like silly-string theory. Scissor theory has it beat.
Renaissance Tides (1 month ago)
I have a million dollar question for you. How do we know that the black hole is actually a hole?
Itube Collection (27 days ago)
@Renaissance Tides it's a actually a gravity point that's so dens and strong that it looks like a hole...the matter could be 4-5 sun masses up to countles sun masses pressed in one small spot..they know alot about black holes but still it's a big mysterie cause the laws of nature fall apart in there...
Renaissance Tides (1 month ago)
@Itube Collection out of curiosity, do u have any idea whether or not they have attempted to somehow measure the depth of a black hole or is it always looked at and regarded as a kind of 2-D structure?
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
it's more like a Doh-Not even attempt to get close. Not so much a hole. Get it?
ocelot. (1 month ago)
its not actually a hole its just simplified for simpletons like you
Itube Collection (1 month ago)
They name it like that but no one said it's a hole
anurag Vats (1 month ago)
einstien is a froud scientist
Orange67 (1 month ago)
I think black hole exist to transfer a specific galaxy to another universe For an example we were once a sperm cells and then we pop and we go into a stomach and then we pop out to another hole but this time we’re a physical form For galaxy I think it a life cycle for them but they are in a whole different realm and dimensions it impossible to communicate with them and understand their life
Vinay G (1 month ago)
In that case...our galaxy has many black holes.... Not every hole in human body is entrance for making a life
Supreme King (1 month ago)
Ranjit Keluskar (1 month ago)
An idea about the black hole needs to be revised. Actually, it is a cryogenic dense mass below zero Kelvin made up of anti-matter formed by the split at the beginning ,forming galaxies at the periphery and the black holes in the middle. We can not observe the black hole because objects at cryogenic temperature do not radiate and not from singularity or supergravity.
rick9021090210 (1 month ago)
Black holes are boring... I want to know what exactly gravity is... cheers!
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
gravity is ENTROPY
Wisnu Divayana (1 month ago)
LoL. Black hole is more intresting becouse inside it its still mystery. Gravity is on other hand can be proven
M J (1 month ago)
What if we pointed a real strong laser into a blackhole?
Cris006 (1 month ago)
so if a Black Hole is the nature's proof that there are stronger forces to overcome the light itself (aka speed of light), WHY are we limiting ourselves to believe there is nothing grater or faster than the speed of light just because Einstein found a formula that can be applcable in most cases. MOST cases. Even in the video they say "we do not have the physics to understand what a black hole is". What about leaving a door open to other newgen formulas, and not close them just because of some big old physician names, as they did in the past for Nikolae Tesla... just saying' ...
Sangeeta Grg (29 days ago)
When I think about universe, I feel less important of existing life.
025 - Pikachu the Electric mouse Pokémon (29 days ago)
You shouldn't feel less important. We are important to each other on this planet and next ones.
Kola Siva (1 month ago)
Nat geo keeps this kind of useful videos for 4to 5min who wants to this kinda videos more
Brandon S (1 month ago)
How about we just talk about the black hole and save the biography for your Linked In page?
Omar Barrios (1 month ago)
Gravity: throw something up it comes back down... I think up is "out" down is "in" 🤔 Idk
Marciel Luta (1 month ago)
The black hole from the center of our galaxy are like the human heart, without this black hole , our galaxy wouldn't not exsisted most people thought it are a evil thing , but it are the creator from our entire galaxy, and who know may be it are some natural star gate between our dimension, to another dimension ,sfmy spelling !
nupur rao (1 month ago)
Too much of science for me😑
NubianTrini Mix (1 month ago)
Hahahahahaaaaa you don't understand, but the one that created them does LOL, puny humans.
Opinionated Azzhole (1 month ago)
HUMANITY such gullible SHEEPLES.
luke V (1 month ago)
Ive seen ur moms black hole
Steve Stelly (1 month ago)
Ghez has been working on this for a long time. Respect .
National Geographic (1 month ago)
We admire her passion and dedication to her work!
vincie0007 (1 month ago)
If there is soul, can it escape black holes?
Holtzapple Dalton (1 month ago)
I would love to look though one of thise telescopes
bobolinkr (1 month ago)
Fun fact: Einstein has been proven wrong many many years ago, and even more so as the evidence continually piles up; and yet, most people are still duped by this nonsense
SineEyed 2020 (1 month ago)
Show me these piles of evidence please..
Tom Space (1 month ago)
Search YouTube for "The Elements in Six Dimensions"
knm11 (1 month ago)
what is the music starting at 2:50 please?
harshit ranjan (1 month ago)
Some prodigal sun came out of Sagittarius A* after spending around 4 million years in it..tell me if i am wrong.:)
m praveen (1 month ago)
How the black hole is formed
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
Take Black and insert a void roughly in the center. You are welcome grasshopper.
D Saha (1 month ago)
Nature is playing with us by showing some of its mysteris.but d fact is countless number of mysteries r there to reveal nd d hyman become happy one or two of them😁😁
David Tercero (1 month ago)
Marco DaVincí (1 month ago)
Black hole is the vagina's here on Earth. As above so below
Ringan Majumdar (1 month ago)
"I think this I developed a passion for proving people wrong. "
Michael Brantley (1 month ago)
The universe is weird. Time is the same thing as space, mass is the same thing as energy, and particles can be waves and vice versa
saintmurphy (1 month ago)
Michael Brantley Couldn’t agree with you more. We are made of what stars are made of. Space..where everything is everything.
forrest Shirley (1 month ago)
Everything has a center of mass if you spin it,
Electric Universe Eyes (1 month ago)
“We don’t have the physics to describe what a black hole is.” You don’t say? 😂
SineEyed 2020 (1 month ago)
@Electric Universe Eyes EU proponents have _zero_ room to talk. So, you know... zip it.
Electric Universe Eyes (1 month ago)
At the end, she doesn’t know “how this really works” but the title says “confirms” ...
Sad but It's true (1 month ago)
1:54 Religions' Motto.
Justin Perea (1 month ago)
She gave a talk here at Wesleyan University. She was awesome.
National Geographic (1 month ago)
We love that you got to see her in person!
oldi184 (1 month ago)
Einstein rejected the idea of black holes. Read his original papers.
RobertsMrtn (1 month ago)
Well said. In fact it is quite easy to prove that they can not exist using the equivalence principle.
Rushing brothers (1 month ago)
Is it just me or someone else remembered Sheldon Cooper with Caltech 😅😅
A Star Light (1 month ago)
I remembered Wolowitz haha
Telo gantong (1 month ago)
that is not black hole but black stone
Harvind yadav (1 month ago)
3:20 extreme right an indian, proof in his wrist
Yoda Padawan (1 month ago)
If black holes have been around for 14 billion years and not even light can escape their gravitation then why do we still see galaxies? Why the matter in each galaxy with a black hole has not collapsed inside the hole?
Akshay (1 month ago)
Black hole me bhi ram mandir banayenge!! Jai Shri ram🚩
mathematics with shubham kumar (1 month ago)
Ajibola Daniel (1 month ago)
Einstein's Theory of General Relativity which is more than a hundred years old has passed all of its experimental tests so far. It is a successful theory and so is Quantum Mechanics. Yet these two theories seem to contradict each other.Which of them is incomplete?
Sanket Patil (1 month ago)
I have read many articles,etc relating black hole... But the whole think I knew till now is ... "Nothing can escape it, not even light"....
16 Bit Gaming (1 month ago)
Too much "Blackhole" words in this Video
Sid Sharma (1 month ago)
Can anyone name the music track in the video?
Pawer Lokesh (1 month ago)
Make in Telugu language
Frank Castelo (1 month ago)
What an unkept woman.
Seema Dixit (1 month ago)
Black hole cause time to stop micing as einstein say time relative it is true😀😃😃😀
Seema Dixit (4 days ago)
Black hole cause time to moving as einstein say time relative it is true😀😃😃😀 by theory of relativity gravity is more slow is time there
Fred Flintstone (1 month ago)
Einstein was an idiot and so are you... Time is constant if you have a constant awareness around you.. and is only measured by revolution around the sun and the earth around its own axis. Pleasure in being deceived it's more entertaining!!
Ryan affect (1 month ago)
Constant awareness around you? Huh??
Gonzalo Sanchez (1 month ago)
Maybe secureteam 10:fell in since he dint post 😂😂😂
ajit thakali (1 month ago)
black hole is source of gravity it is what it is pure gravity ...sth pure and discrete is what its definition is...it can't be summoned in other formula...because it is just gravity...like a drop of oil in water
Proverbs 14 12 (1 month ago)
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” ‭‭Genesis‬ ‭1:1‬ ‭KJV‬‬
jigar talaviya (1 month ago)
Wish he had stopped there though. But then he had to go ahead and create dumasses like u.
Pastor Martinez (1 month ago)
It’s not a black hole... It is a dense star!!!!!!!
Ryan affect (1 month ago)
Pelican74 (1 month ago)
forrest Shirley (1 month ago)
There’s nothing there it’s just the center of mass of that galaxy, and light does not have mass and is not effected by gravity, only protons have mass, it’s not hard to figure out.
Made In Heaven (1 month ago)
And why would the Galaxy be orbiting around... nothing?
Andy Wongprachan (1 month ago)
Light doesn't have mass but it has a momentum. It is affected by gravity since light can't escape black holes...which are of infinite gravity....did you watch the video
Penis (1 month ago)
Truck stop restrooms have many Black Holes
Hans Weichselbaum (1 month ago)
I thought a theory can never be "confirmed" but only be "supported" by evidence.
Mohamed Faizal (1 month ago)
Why there is feminism in a science video?
SineEyed 2020 (1 month ago)
@Meluzine Green and why do you assume that's where the "misogyny" she experienced was coming from? It could have been her friends, it could have been her classmates, it could have been her kindergarten teacher - we don't know, because she didn't say..
Meluzine Green (1 month ago)
It is not "feminism" she just described the facts...her personal experience...real question is "why is there still misogyny in science"....
Mohamed Faizal (1 month ago)
@Harvind yadav I can't get you parden please!
Harvind yadav (1 month ago)
It's in mind of n no. of men not in science
Nelson Mwombeki (1 month ago)
Its black because everything goes in including light?
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
it's black because someone complained.
Leonardo Da Kimchi (1 month ago)
Hahahaha what is this nonsense? All I see and hear are theories and no evidence.
Ryan affect (1 month ago)
Exactly what I pointed out in another comment.
fitnesspoint2006 (1 month ago)
Same dumb down presentation on black holes. And I highly doubt anyone told this "girl" she couldn't get into MIT, it all in her head and self doubt that she projected this insecurity onto others.
Kanika Roy (1 month ago)
Hats off to ya lady
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
C.V. Rajendra (1 month ago)
How did Einstein theorize without empirical data?
CutTheKnot (1 month ago)
rent a shill (1 month ago)
he basicaly figured it out using complex math that there could exist a point so dense that not even light can escape
Nano C. (1 month ago)
C.V. Rajendra by very complicated mathematics called Differential Geometry (moreover, Riemannian Geometry) along with physical reasoning, previously known physical laws, thought experiments, observations that involved how things moved be it here on earth or in space, and a bit of genius...
Valerio Fabbri (1 month ago)
Confirmed by cartoons!....a great confirm!
Buck Anderson (1 month ago)
What do you get when an object is accelerated away in every direction (from all perspectives)? A: black holes and an expanding universe.
Khondker Rifat Hossain (1 month ago)
I want to take blessings by touching her feet
Ana Caballero (1 month ago)
She is talking more than herself than black hole.
Ana Caballero (1 month ago)