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Alcohol 101 | National Geographic

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The earliest known alcoholic beverage dates back to about 9,000 years ago. Find out which civilizations produced the first beers, wines, and spirits; the chemistry behind alcohol's mind-altering effects; and the surprising ways alcohol has influenced culture. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe #NationalGeographic #Alcohol #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Alcohol 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/6TgnrDIjroc National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (372)
Sunil Kanade (1 hour ago)
Which alcohol is best
Mohsen Assadi (4 days ago)
This place in Middle East is Iran where first barley beer and grape wine was made in northwest of present Iran! Of course, Georgia itself has been a province of Iran till 150 years ago!
Wer24 (8 days ago)
..0:43 Most Georgians I have talked to, they consider themselves Europeans.
Brainstorming Plus (8 days ago)
Its a evil invention created by humans
epSos.de (11 days ago)
Watching this and *drinking late night tea :-)*
National Geographic (11 days ago)
Alcohol has had countless effects on our cultures and our minds. What intrigues you the most about this substance?
TheSteems (11 days ago)
Get blasted boys and girls!
Fiz DD (11 days ago)
Indeed for good it is Haram in Islam after Islamic civilization in Arab. Alcohal is injurious, no matter how pleasurable it is.
babecat2000 (11 days ago)
Well not everyone believes in your religion.
NISAR AHMED (12 days ago)
This clip is highly sponsored by alcoholic companies..
Kadir Can Akbulut (12 days ago)
Alcohol bad drink 👎🏻
babecat2000 (11 days ago)
Not if you don't drink too much.
Alexandria School of Science (12 days ago)
the most dangerous drug, just like heroine.
babecat2000 (11 days ago)
Nahh just don't over do it.
Water Strider (13 days ago)
Spirits are alcohol plain and simple. Even a 0.5% alcohol drink is a spirit. It's got spirits in it, it's a spirit. Hard liquor is just more spirits per volume.
Roxy ROMA (13 days ago)
I don’t drink .... and if I do I get sick 🥴
William Suarez (13 days ago)
Finally I understood! To drink alcohol is not necessary to have fun!
Wisnu Putra (13 days ago)
And i cannot to drink this beer, wine, and anything have an alcohol. But i am still happy and fun
somnath chakraborty (13 days ago)
Dear alcohol
MrEjidorie (13 days ago)
In spite of our strong penchant for alcohol, it is strictly prohibited by some religions. I wonder how those people ease their stress and enjoy life.
Larry Whittington (13 days ago)
Ironically I woke in the wee hours of this Sunday January 6th for a snack 2:45am to be exact & I was thinking of my comment 🙂 I'm thinking wow 2,000 Years. Then I remembered a bible verse where it says a day with the Lord is like a thousand years. Another interesting thing in Ecclesiastes It says A feast to make merry an wine for laughter but, money answers all things of course this is referring to there is a time for all things. The irony is I'm enjoying my snack I thought no one will get it? I recon God really winks after all those years I'm just so grateful because I owed a debt I could never pay 🤷‍♂️ But, Jesus paid a debt he did not owe. Poor thing Bless his name rejoice in his grace mercy An Love. Cherish it guard it protect it. Well Glory Thanks for the Like on my comment I remembered this from a great evangelist from Dallas Tx the Garland area from 1st Family Church who's name Was David Allbriton Son of the senior pastor Bert Allbritton David's wife Kathy was with him at a restaurant The waiter asked which wine would you like our house wine or, something from the cellar? That's when he says I'd like the new wine sharing the gospel It was his passion An what he loved to do. True events 😁👍🍷 Godspeed Sincerely From : LarryWhittington Nickname Buddy Thank you again That is something else Now 👋😁👍
Yepp Bitter (13 days ago)
Maybe consider this when commenting: Heroin and all the other Illegal drugs combined kills approx 250,000 people a year. Alcohol, a legal drug, kills 3.5 million every single year. Tobacco, another legal drug, kills 5 million every year. (globally; - alcoholmastery.com) Just saying. Only missing junk food.
Tushar Rajput (13 days ago)
*Tyrion lannister* wants to know your location
Ben H (13 days ago)
9000 years !!! You're dreaming. There are no pre-Noah's flood records.
Galaxy 69 (13 days ago)
I love how YT recommends me alcohol but not something related to non alcoholics
Angel the weirdo (13 days ago)
do you guys think you can try to do an experiment on tickling different kinds of parakeets
Linda Reed (13 days ago)
Alcohol the silent killer
Moayd Sparklug (13 days ago)
I will never drink beer again ●NAT GEO UPLOAD A VIDEO ABOUT ALCOHOL● I'm Going to local market to get some beer
mahmod eissa (13 days ago)
Hold my beer
Fernando Rapetti (13 days ago)
Probably should have talked about less pleasant effects, risks to drive, etc.
energyeternal (13 days ago)
i never had a 'drinking problem' but as i have grown, I learned that the only drink I can truly control is the first one. I have not had a drink in years and I am much happier, healthier, and certainly more focused/successful and authentically connected with people. the stopdrinking forum on reddit is a great community to get started if you want to try out an alcohol-free life for a few weeks. peace!
Grig B (13 days ago)
Unsubscribed to this trite video feed
tonpal (13 days ago)
I was surprised that this video did not mention the most vital reason for alcoholic drinks in history: making a safe drink from water filled with harmful microorganisms -- St. Paul advised "a little wine for the stomach's sake".
Ryan Adams (13 days ago)
1:56 is that a human it UFO?
ramtintey (14 days ago)
زکریا رازی
Jay K (14 days ago)
What about Umqomboti?
Sourabh Shrivastava (14 days ago)
I love 101 series. Keep going nat geo
Angel Ma (14 days ago)
Stop copying alpharad
Diego (14 days ago)
Not a single word about how alcohol is cause of 7 different types of cancer. Quite disappointing.
babecat2000 (13 days ago)
Oh really prove it.
Akash Buragohain (14 days ago)
Don't drink and drive just smoke and fly
geek chicks (14 days ago)
Drink for life ....
Michael Taylor (14 days ago)
I'd rather have a bottle in front of me, than a frontal lobotomy. 🍺
doyle gortmaker (14 days ago)
Alcohol 101= wild turkey? Or Yukon jack? Lmao or maybe 190 ever clear? 😁😁😁😁😁
Alif Arsyidzil (14 days ago)
Alkohol..... Kamu jahat tapi enak....
Faruk Aktas (14 days ago)
Alcohol is HARAM guys please dont drink this
Faruk Aktas (14 days ago)
+Heinrich Friesen Being muslim isnt especially to arabics or turks syria other ...
Faruk Aktas (14 days ago)
+Heinrich Friesen My religion Germany ?????
Heinrich Friesen (14 days ago)
Yeah in YOUR religion. Not in most of the world.
Awaqu (14 days ago)
Bunch of booze hating, pot smoking hippies in the comment section
Swat (7 days ago)
+Heinrich Friesen why can't people critisize alcohol? I don't see anyone in this comment section "hating" alcohol, theyre just not a fan of it.
Heinrich Friesen (14 days ago)
And lots of Muslims.
Noukz37 (14 days ago)
So you're saying NG that moderate amount of alcohol is good for all of us? I'm sure my students watching this video will love to hear that!
Ariall Putra (14 days ago)
Haram! Cuase make body broke
Ariall Putra (14 days ago)
+Heinrich Friesen no problm😊 , islam learn me about save heart, health and world😊 , and you proud with your religion no problm 😊👍
Heinrich Friesen (14 days ago)
No one cares about Islam.
Simply me Marie (14 days ago)
MakoIIe (14 days ago)
I never could drink in moderation so i stopped drinking. Moderation whose the worst thing that could happen to me during my drinking days. Many years of trying to moderate something that whose designed to be addictive. It's like trying to smoke one cigar a day and pretend that you don't want more. Once i stopped lying to myself and started drinking properly for a while :) i could stop completely and free myself from the inner bith i once whose. Alcohol is great but simply not for me.
God Rosé (14 days ago)
Istg every good drinks came from China! Coffee, Tea and Alcohol originated from them!
Sergio Biggs (14 days ago)
so drinking alcohol is in a christian ritual?... WTF?! IT CLEARLY SAYS ON THE BIBLE DONT DRINK ALCOHOL!!!
Velister Vaz (13 days ago)
Bible tells you can drink but in moderation and never abuse alchohol!
BLACK MAN (14 days ago)
Sergio Biggs It said don’t get drunk. It didn’t say you couldn’t drink.
Aaron Shinkle (14 days ago)
They forgot to mention that it's poison for your body...
jdoe (10 days ago)
anything that is too much is dangerous.
MrEjidorie (10 days ago)
+1 day left Exactly. Alcohol is highly addictive. But alcohol promotes relations with other people. The point is that we should avoid drinking alone, but drink alcohol with other people in a merry atmosphere instead, and promote friendship with our colleagues. Yes, alcohol is the best of all medicines!
Lukáš Pánek (11 days ago)
if you struggle to decrease anxiety and increase happiness, you should see a doctor, not the liquor store
Simon Mark Rogers (12 days ago)
+Scrack Arcata Haha. The response of an immature mind 😂😂
1 day left (13 days ago)
+MrEjidorie But it's hella addictive, it's hard to refrain from alcohol after you drink and get used to it!
Evy Darling (14 days ago)
Nature's antidepressant 1:37 ( when drank in moderation).
Sumukh (14 days ago)
I just drank a fifth of Vodka, dare me to drive ?
R Campana (14 days ago)
Contributes to alcohol industry. Ruins lives. Bring back prohibition
babecat2000 (13 days ago)
Yeah bring back the mafia. That is so stupid.
Heinrich Friesen (14 days ago)
Yeah because that worked out so good lol
Tjodalv Asvaldsson (14 days ago)
Wine & pasta 🍷🍝
C m (14 days ago)
Think of how many babies were made because of alcohol.
RAJohnson713 (14 days ago)
Do one on Tobacco
The_SaVage (14 days ago)
Thank iran for beer!😂😂😂
ATS_ (8 days ago)
USA will not
Nidhi Shukla (14 days ago)
are you enjoying ?
Montagues (14 days ago)
0:01 when you're woman don't want you drinking and you sneak in to grab some at night.
Anthony Durant (14 days ago)
Cheers lol
stunning sathvik (14 days ago)
Some good information given. But alcohol gives temporary happiness and long term damage.
IMMO ws (14 days ago)
the question that all state  ''authorities'' fail to answer  is why humans feel the need to use drugs? why do we feel so miserable and unhappy?
Paelorian (14 days ago)
Alcohol influences culture. It doesn't contribute. Far from it. Humans are generally less productive and effective under it's influence. That doesn't mean it's unacceptable, as it can be enjoyed in moderation without causing significant harm, but the video suggests alcohol aids in hand achievement, when the opposite is generally true. Alcohol rarely helps, and often harms. Regular intoxication damages, ruins, and ends lives. It's a vice and when a hobby is made of drinking it is extremely unproductive and counterproductive.
Whomping Walrus (13 days ago)
Increased productivity =/= increased cultural contribution. Drugs have been behind some of the most significant contributions to culture. Look at art scenes - many of the most artistically gifted are pretty experimental when it comes to unconventional substance use. A lot of the time people use it to either get over themselves or to just enjoy a different perspective in order to discover new opportunities and achieve something new/different. You won't do normal things quite as quickly or flawlessly when intoxicated, but alcohol & other drugs can definitely help contribute to culture. You're right though - alcohol is super harmful super often. It's definitely not something people should take so lightly or use so heavily, and making a habit of it is scary territory.
TheRabaxyka (14 days ago)
The true alcohol is old and good drink..the alcohol of this days is poor LOTS of quanty and nothing of quality!
Poon Slayer1312 (14 days ago)
WOW. You completely left out the cancer and heart, arterieal and psychological diseases alcohol causes. Is this sponsored by the alcohol lobby or what?
al-Haifawi (11 days ago)
+babecat2000 I'm not sorry for not promoting the poison you like to drink.
babecat2000 (11 days ago)
+al-Haifawi Quit being a downer.
Whomping Walrus (13 days ago)
+al-Haifawi 100% agree my dude.
al-Haifawi (13 days ago)
+Whomping Walrus I haven't actually seen the studies showing that alcohol reduces risk for heart disease. I have heard that wine does that, but at the same time wine is grape juice and there is a substance in grape juice that promotes longer muscle fibers - maybe that is what strengthens the heart and not alcohol itself... I dunno. In scientific philosophy we are taught that it is impossible to prove causation, and I believe that especially applies to medical issues since there are a number of factors affecting the end results.
Whomping Walrus (13 days ago)
​+al-Haifawi Idk if I'd say it isn't worth it - heart disease and cancer will both kill you. I don't drink, but looking at my genetics, I'm probably going to die to heart disease around 60 regardless of how healthy I stay, so I'd probably take the risk & drink if I enjoyed alcohol at all. It's a trade-off, & both probabilities are low. I'd rather leave the choice to individual people than say anyone who supports the ability to make their own decisions is an alcoholic. Props to you for abstaining though - I definitely prefer to be around people who don't drink. I'm not seeing your link. Maybe YouTube removed it? I checked out a few websites, like the ACS above, but I'm interested in seeing the one you're talking about too.
Leon00717 (14 days ago)
If weed is legal, alcohol should be too
Steven Coelho (14 days ago)
Overindulgence of ANYTHING will have an opposite and equal reaction. Have Fun Humans 😊
Bakerman is Bakin Bread (14 days ago)
The Ethanol molecule looks like a little balloon dog
MAK Team TR (14 days ago)
Hmmmmm Demekki A101 burdan geliormuş. Hic etik degil. 😂😂😂 🇹🇷🇹🇷
New Message (14 days ago)
Here I was hoping for a list of 101 alcohol types to drink before next New Year. * hic *
Darbar Madu (14 days ago)
good guy (14 days ago)
Ironic the first beers were from the arabs...
Ramazan akkaya (10 days ago)
that region is called Kurdistan and the people there are not Arabs, they're Kurds
Kenneth Green (10 days ago)
+1 day left Jesus didnt tell people not to drink it it has always been a part of the Abrahamic religions (Judaism and Christianity). Where the idea came from that Christians shouldnt drink is from the Anabaptists in the 15 and 16th century who misinterpreted the Bible as no alcohol stance when the Bible has only taught not to become drunk. Than the temperance movement of the 19th Century and 20th century said such. Outside of those denominations alcohol is rightly considered a blessing of enjoyment in moderation and a sinful indulgence in excess. And for goodness sake Jesus had wine at the Last Supper and made wine for a wedding and it wasnt the Grape Juice a lot of Baptists and Methodists like to pass it off as in the Bible, ignoring the countless other instances of alcohol being used and alcohol being more often used in drink to provide clean beverage in a time where modern clean drinking methods didnt exist. Regards, A theological degree holder
Joseph Harding (12 days ago)
archduke Sugar is
Jafar K.f (12 days ago)
A. M True ....at that time they were a single race
A. M (12 days ago)
+Jafar K.f yeah their mixed but we're not talking about today. Mesopotamians we're definitely not Arabs at that time. It would be terrible wrong to suggest otherwise. Arabs had no influence in that region until like thousands years later.
Roy Godiksen (14 days ago)
Alcohol is basically semi-modern drugs. Mushrooms and burning plants are the old school of drugs.
Boddah (3 days ago)
Logan Reynolds (14 days ago)
wonderful video I don't drink never have but its a grate video... the reason I decided never to drink id because somebody told me it kills brain cells but I don't even believe that any way... it's not something I like or ever will do I just don't drink :)
grindcoremaniac (14 days ago)
Had a beer while watching this.
Titan God (14 days ago)
alcohol is haram
Whomping Walrus (13 days ago)
+Justin Y. What are you, for real? A neural net? 3000 dudes with an interesting sense of humor? You're everywhere - even places nearly no one will ever see, so it's not like you're exclusively attention whoring.
Justin Y. (13 days ago)
Your life is haram
Team Ultrawide (14 days ago)
only to members of the death cult of islam, To normal people it's ok and part of many cultures.
Joe The Simple (14 days ago)
More drinks, more fun. Cheers! 🍻😂✌
Disasta Da Villn (14 days ago)
Lmao i kid you not... I am drinking vodka as we type and this pops up in my YouTube notifications lol💁😂
arrowghost (14 days ago)
Does anybody have the problem of wanting to drink with their buddies but their tongue's taste buds refuse to accept alcohol itself? I do!
Jafar K.f (12 days ago)
arrowghost yeah well ....get them to swallow a hard liquor and surely...they'll like the ethanol effect
al-Haifawi (14 days ago)
Skip it. Drink alcohol-free.
VISHAL JANGPANGI (14 days ago)
Try a flavored one for start.
arrowghost (14 days ago)
0:16, is that from Mythbusters?
fire lioness (14 days ago)
Isn't Noble rot grand....
Ashley Y (14 days ago)
Brain Point TV (14 days ago)
Oh so alcohol is lengendary
Yörük Kızı Laz Oğli (14 days ago)
Very Nice! 👍😍
Kerry Li (14 days ago)
Don’t drink and drive…
BootlegGreenThanos (5 days ago)
Should go without saying unfortunately
J. Darby Hill (11 days ago)
Kerry Li I recommend not taking a sleep aid before driving either.
XFiremaniac (14 days ago)
R Campana (14 days ago)
Boozers are loozers
babecat2000 (14 days ago)
Not true moderation is key.
Anna-Maree Castillo (14 days ago)
"Drink Responsibly" is an oxymoron, precisely because of the way it affects our dopamine, serotonin & endorphin levels.
babecat2000 (14 days ago)
No it is true. A lot of people drink a little and are perfectly fine.
Krypton Gaming (14 days ago)
al-Haifawi (14 days ago)
Do not consume alcohol at all.
Yepp Bitter (13 days ago)
+babecat2000 Ok, ok! ^^ In consideration of the number of alcoholics and the risk of becoming one of them just by (at first) regular consumption + the impact on/danger for families and others of alcoholism I understand those appeals. It's a drug (high risk for addiction and danger by causing many deaths in an active (health) and passive (e. g. car accidents) way per year) and actually pretty preposterous that it's legal. I guess there are more alcoholics than heroin addicts - just a slower process of destruction with a lower risk for an instant lethal overdosage. But who would concede a moderate use of heroin/crystal meth/cocaine etc is totally ok?
al-Haifawi (13 days ago)
+babecat2000 Ever heard of cancer?
babecat2000 (13 days ago)
Lol fool I don't drink much only a drink a month. I just hate people who want to tell others what to do.
babecat2000 (13 days ago)
+al-Haifawi Ok go ask people who drink. Most who drink a little are fine.
Yepp Bitter (14 days ago)
+babecat2000 I've read that comment of you about 3 times or so? I bet you persuade yourself that you are still fine bc you don't exceed the lvl of "modarate" and you do not have a problem, lol.
_Bob McCoy (14 days ago)
*_James Bond wants to know your location_*
Frank Bradley Jr (8 days ago)
Bristol Connecticut
Mr. Angad (14 days ago)
Why are u even here?
Nazir Mohammed (14 days ago)
Arab muslim community had a very strong influence of alcohol, until the Almighty forbidden it, in the related hadith Prophet (SAW) says ...Verily Allah, the Exalted, has forbidden wine. So who hears this verse and he has anything of it with him, he should neither drink it nor sell it. He (the narrator) said: The people then brought whatever they had of it with them on the streets of Medina and spilt that.
fatehyabali (13 days ago)
+Heinrich Friesen In islam drinking alcohol in any form is illegal😎
Heinrich Friesen (14 days ago)
Wait so only wine is banned and not alcohol in general?
The_SaVage (14 days ago)
K Biswas (14 days ago)
Oye chup Kar khoteya everyone knows how much Bootlegged alcohol is sold in Pakistan
George Joseph (14 days ago)
Mojito Cubanos are just the Best! 📿📿📿
Young Judd (14 days ago)
Alcohol was mafe by mistake by ancient alchemists
Pilkie101 (14 days ago)
I love to drink I hate to stop I don't care if I get hurt And I never give up
1 day left (13 days ago)
then It'd destroy your organs
silent maniac (14 days ago)
If you drink too much it leads to memory loss which damages the brain
Ameer Hamza (14 days ago)
Then you are addicted
Claudia ? (14 days ago)
i feel like you're still in middle school
Jafar K.f (14 days ago)
Pilkie101 That's the way to do it ! :-D:-D
Spellchant (14 days ago)
I'd take weed over alcohol any day of the week.
Jafar K.f (14 days ago)
+ezio well I might agree on the point that most marijuana users are more efficient in their society than full-blown alcoholics .......modern consumption of alcohol might be better ...or less addictive in a possible way !
ezio (14 days ago)
+Jafar K.f the taste dir alcohol is a thing you aquire weed is healthier if eaten than alcohol
Jafar K.f (14 days ago)
Spellchant I won't take anything in life over a good scotch . ..obviously you don't have the palate to taste things and get drugged at the same time ....
ezio (14 days ago)
But please vape or eat it if wanna go the "healthy road"
Aniket B (14 days ago)
Next Cannabis 101
DreThaBeast - (14 days ago)
I was actually wondering the other day the science of alcohol and then this video pops up. Thanks lol
a (14 days ago)
heres is an excerpt from a recent large scale study on alcohol, if you are interested in the science. In the spring of 2018 the British health journal, Lancet published a report that claimed consumption of more than 100 grams of pure alcohol (about a half-dozen glasses of wine) causes a rise in mortality rates. Now Lancet goes further in a new report titled, "No level of alcohol consumption improves health." It is a report on the results of a recent alcohol research study, which included 512 researchers spanning 243 academic and governmental institutions. The researchers looked into and analyzed alcohol studies as well as public health and death records between 1990-2016 from almost 200 countries and locations. They were tasked with matching the data to about two-dozen health problems, to discover if and how much risk alcohol either presents or minimizes. According to Lancet, the startling result of this study is that, despite what other studies seemingly tell us, no amount of alcohol consumption is healthy—period.
VDR (14 days ago)
I drink water And I feel gooder than ever
Yepp Bitter (14 days ago)
+grindcoremaniac Maybe just a wordplay, huh?
Citizen Dildo (14 days ago)
My instincts tell me he was joking.
The_SaVage (14 days ago)
Your brain doesn't
Jacob van Heemskerck (14 days ago)
I love me some wudder
grindcoremaniac (14 days ago)
Not good enough to know that "gooder" isn't a word, though.
Seek The Messiah Media (14 days ago)
The word alcohol comes from the Arabic meaning “a distilled or rectified spirit.”
William Trostel Photography (14 days ago)
Now here’s a lesson I can get behind.
Owen G. (14 days ago)
Eat right and exercise goes a long way but a little togetherness drinking alcohol is ok just as long as you balance it remember everything in life is a balance. OwenG lab rat ✌🏿❤️🇯🇲