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Alcohol 101 | National Geographic

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The earliest known alcoholic beverage dates back to about 9,000 years ago. Find out which civilizations produced the first beers, wines, and spirits; the chemistry behind alcohol's mind-altering effects; and the surprising ways alcohol has influenced culture. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe #NationalGeographic #Alcohol #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Alcohol 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/6TgnrDIjroc National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (326)
Syikru Rohman (2 days ago)
It's Khamar
Chunchun Xu (4 days ago)
Sorry that I want to make comments here. I wonder why there is no mention about another ancient country Egypt in North Africa in this video. And I think I can figure out the painting from China, or Japan. And I believe the discription in this video is closer to what I have learned in my history study.
HeyItsLexi (11 days ago)
Isn’t red wine good for you in moderation?
Saranga Baishya (21 days ago)
But we cant deny the fact that lots of ill happening in the society is due to alcohol consumption. I dont drink but m nore happy
Amit Chakraborty (24 days ago)
Damnit China! Is there anything you didn't try first!? . . . . Chinese people won't see this video though!
Preetam Bhattacharjee (1 month ago)
Confused Americans. That was not your state but a different country all together.
Ali Khan (1 month ago)
I must say your voice is very sweet 😊😊
Randeep M.K (1 month ago)
9000 years, hear that Muslim guys 😂 ?
Randeep M.K (1 month ago)
@UCGX8kcQG8xADk4Cdl8mf3FQ as per Quran when was earth created ?
Randeep M.K (1 month ago)
+Paragon Of virtue blah blah blah 😂 9000 years there goes the Quran in drain
Paragon Of virtue (1 month ago)
Randeep M.K : Muslims prefer to talk and walk straight and keep the prices down and supply up for you ,next time you go out drinking and partying remember to take a bucket instead of vomiting on the sidewalk .
John von Shepard (1 month ago)
muslim have left the chat.
Paragon Of virtue (1 month ago)
John von Shepard : muslims understand the truth about alcohol and it’s detrimental consequences .just spend couple of hour in the waiting room of a major hospital in a major city on Saturday night and see how dignified people turned themselves into after a drinking session.
krishna pal (1 month ago)
Pop up a beer .
erfan (1 month ago)
We (Iranians) discovered Alcohol and we are only country that banned Alcohol
freddy vs jason (1 month ago)
daily alcohol beverages drinker usually look fat and unattractive , and because they look fat and unattractive , they drink more , it is a vicious cycle , moderate drinking require strong mental power , but alcohol lower brain capacity , so moderate drinking is a hard, people better off stop drink alcohol beverages and should drink tea instead
Zabrina De Leon (2 months ago)
I agree that drinking alcoholic beverage is bad for our health. I think that drinking a small amount of it is okay. But too much of everything is not good. It can cause you so many effects after being drunk.
Zabrina De Leon (2 months ago)
*for school purposes only*
Sunil Kanade (2 months ago)
Which alcohol is best
Mohsen Assadi (2 months ago)
This place in Middle East is Iran where first barley beer and grape wine was made in northwest of present Iran! Of course, Georgia itself has been a province of Iran till 150 years ago!
Wer24 (2 months ago)
..0:43 Most Georgians I have talked to, they consider themselves Europeans.
Brainstorming Plus (2 months ago)
Its a evil invention created by humans
epSos.de (2 months ago)
Watching this and *drinking late night tea :-)*
National Geographic (2 months ago)
Alcohol has had countless effects on our cultures and our minds. What intrigues you the most about this substance?
TheSteems (2 months ago)
Get blasted boys and girls!
Fiz DD (2 months ago)
Indeed for good it is Haram in Islam after Islamic civilization in Arab. Alcohal is injurious, no matter how pleasurable it is.
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Well not everyone believes in your religion.
NISAR AHMED (2 months ago)
This clip is highly sponsored by alcoholic companies..
Kadir Can Akbulut (2 months ago)
Alcohol bad drink 👎🏻
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Not if you don't drink too much.
Alexandria School of Science (2 months ago)
the most dangerous drug, just like heroine.
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Nahh just don't over do it.
Water Strider (2 months ago)
Spirits are alcohol plain and simple. Even a 0.5% alcohol drink is a spirit. It's got spirits in it, it's a spirit. Hard liquor is just more spirits per volume.
Roxy ROMA (2 months ago)
I don’t drink .... and if I do I get sick 🥴
William Suarez (2 months ago)
Finally I understood! To drink alcohol is not necessary to have fun!
Wisnu Putra (2 months ago)
And i cannot to drink this beer, wine, and anything have an alcohol. But i am still happy and fun
somnath chakraborty (2 months ago)
Dear alcohol
MrEjidorie (2 months ago)
In spite of our strong penchant for alcohol, it is strictly prohibited by some religions. I wonder how those people ease their stress and enjoy life.
Larry Whittington (2 months ago)
Ironically I woke in the wee hours of this Sunday January 6th for a snack 2:45am to be exact & I was thinking of my comment 🙂 I'm thinking wow 2,000 Years. Then I remembered a bible verse where it says a day with the Lord is like a thousand years. Another interesting thing in Ecclesiastes It says A feast to make merry an wine for laughter but, money answers all things of course this is referring to there is a time for all things. The irony is I'm enjoying my snack I thought no one will get it? I recon God really winks after all those years I'm just so grateful because I owed a debt I could never pay 🤷‍♂️ But, Jesus paid a debt he did not owe. Poor thing Bless his name rejoice in his grace mercy An Love. Cherish it guard it protect it. Well Glory Thanks for the Like on my comment I remembered this from a great evangelist from Dallas Tx the Garland area from 1st Family Church who's name Was David Allbriton Son of the senior pastor Bert Allbritton David's wife Kathy was with him at a restaurant The waiter asked which wine would you like our house wine or, something from the cellar? That's when he says I'd like the new wine sharing the gospel It was his passion An what he loved to do. True events 😁👍🍷 Godspeed Sincerely From : LarryWhittington Nickname Buddy Thank you again That is something else Now 👋😁👍
Yepp Bitter (2 months ago)
Maybe consider this when commenting: Heroin and all the other Illegal drugs combined kills approx 250,000 people a year. Alcohol, a legal drug, kills 3.5 million every single year. Tobacco, another legal drug, kills 5 million every year. (globally; - alcoholmastery.com) Just saying. Only missing junk food.
Tushar Rajput (2 months ago)
*Tyrion lannister* wants to know your location
Ben H (2 months ago)
9000 years !!! You're dreaming. There are no pre-Noah's flood records.
Galaxy 69 (2 months ago)
I love how YT recommends me alcohol but not something related to non alcoholics
Angel the weirdo (2 months ago)
do you guys think you can try to do an experiment on tickling different kinds of parakeets
Linda Reed (2 months ago)
Alcohol the silent killer
Moayd Sparklug (2 months ago)
I will never drink beer again ●NAT GEO UPLOAD A VIDEO ABOUT ALCOHOL● I'm Going to local market to get some beer
mahmod eissa (2 months ago)
Hold my beer
Fernando Rapetti (2 months ago)
Probably should have talked about less pleasant effects, risks to drive, etc.
energyeternal (2 months ago)
i never had a 'drinking problem' but as i have grown, I learned that the only drink I can truly control is the first one. I have not had a drink in years and I am much happier, healthier, and certainly more focused/successful and authentically connected with people. the stopdrinking forum on reddit is a great community to get started if you want to try out an alcohol-free life for a few weeks. peace!
Grig B (2 months ago)
Unsubscribed to this trite video feed
tonpal (2 months ago)
I was surprised that this video did not mention the most vital reason for alcoholic drinks in history: making a safe drink from water filled with harmful microorganisms -- St. Paul advised "a little wine for the stomach's sake".
RedShadow (2 months ago)
1:56 is that a human it UFO?
ramtintey (2 months ago)
زکریا رازی
Jay K (2 months ago)
What about Umqomboti?
cp1307 (2 months ago)
I love 101 series. Keep going nat geo
Angel Ma (2 months ago)
Stop copying alpharad
Diego (2 months ago)
Not a single word about how alcohol is cause of 7 different types of cancer. Quite disappointing.
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Oh really prove it.
Akash Buragohain (2 months ago)
Don't drink and drive just smoke and fly
Mama (2 months ago)
Drink for life ....
Michael Taylor (2 months ago)
I'd rather have a bottle in front of me, than a frontal lobotomy. 🍺
doyle gortmaker (2 months ago)
Alcohol 101= wild turkey? Or Yukon jack? Lmao or maybe 190 ever clear? 😁😁😁😁😁
Alif Arsyidzil (2 months ago)
Alkohol..... Kamu jahat tapi enak....
Faruk Aktas (2 months ago)
Alcohol is HARAM guys please dont drink this
Faruk Aktas (2 months ago)
+Heinrich Friesen Being muslim isnt especially to arabics or turks syria other ...
Faruk Aktas (2 months ago)
+Heinrich Friesen My religion Germany ?????
Heinrich Friesen (2 months ago)
Yeah in YOUR religion. Not in most of the world.
Awaqu (2 months ago)
Bunch of booze hating, pot smoking hippies in the comment section
Swat (2 months ago)
+Heinrich Friesen why can't people critisize alcohol? I don't see anyone in this comment section "hating" alcohol, theyre just not a fan of it.
Heinrich Friesen (2 months ago)
And lots of Muslims.
Noukz37 (2 months ago)
So you're saying NG that moderate amount of alcohol is good for all of us? I'm sure my students watching this video will love to hear that!
Ariall Putra (2 months ago)
Haram! Cuase make body broke
Ariall Putra (2 months ago)
+Heinrich Friesen no problm😊 , islam learn me about save heart, health and world😊 , and you proud with your religion no problm 😊👍
Heinrich Friesen (2 months ago)
No one cares about Islam.
Simply me Marie (2 months ago)
MakoIIe (2 months ago)
I never could drink in moderation so i stopped drinking. Moderation whose the worst thing that could happen to me during my drinking days. Many years of trying to moderate something that whose designed to be addictive. It's like trying to smoke one cigar a day and pretend that you don't want more. Once i stopped lying to myself and started drinking properly for a while :) i could stop completely and free myself from the inner bith i once whose. Alcohol is great but simply not for me.
God Rosé (2 months ago)
Istg every good drinks came from China! Coffee, Tea and Alcohol originated from them!
Sergio Studios (2 months ago)
so drinking alcohol is in a christian ritual?... WTF?! IT CLEARLY SAYS ON THE BIBLE DONT DRINK ALCOHOL!!!
Velister Vaz (2 months ago)
Bible tells you can drink but in moderation and never abuse alchohol!
BLACK MAN (2 months ago)
Sergio Biggs It said don’t get drunk. It didn’t say you couldn’t drink.
Aaron Shinkle (2 months ago)
They forgot to mention that it's poison for your body...
Jp Sprinkles (23 days ago)
MrEjidorie actually that’s a lie tests that say that are actually from alcohol companies them selves if you look in the Credit you off to find that it was sponsored by the alcohol company and even a small amount will mess up your brain
jdoe (2 months ago)
anything that is too much is dangerous.
MrEjidorie (2 months ago)
+1 day left Exactly. Alcohol is highly addictive. But alcohol promotes relations with other people. The point is that we should avoid drinking alone, but drink alcohol with other people in a merry atmosphere instead, and promote friendship with our colleagues. Yes, alcohol is the best of all medicines!
Lukáš Pánek (2 months ago)
if you struggle to decrease anxiety and increase happiness, you should see a doctor, not the liquor store
Simon Mark Rogers (2 months ago)
+Scrack Arcata Haha. The response of an immature mind 😂😂
Evy Darling (2 months ago)
Nature's antidepressant 1:37 ( when drank in moderation).
Sumukh (2 months ago)
I just drank a fifth of Vodka, dare me to drive ?
R Campana (2 months ago)
Contributes to alcohol industry. Ruins lives. Bring back prohibition
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Yeah bring back the mafia. That is so stupid.
Heinrich Friesen (2 months ago)
Yeah because that worked out so good lol
Tjodalv Asvaldsson (2 months ago)
Wine & pasta 🍷🍝
C m (2 months ago)
Think of how many babies were made because of alcohol.
RAJohnson713 (2 months ago)
Do one on Tobacco
The_SaVage (2 months ago)
Thank iran for beer!😂😂😂
arya (1 month ago)
ATS_ (2 months ago)
USA will not
Nidhi Shukla (2 months ago)
are you enjoying ?
Montagues (2 months ago)
0:01 when you're woman don't want you drinking and you sneak in to grab some at night.
Anthony Durant (2 months ago)
Cheers lol
stunning sathvik (2 months ago)
Some good information given. But alcohol gives temporary happiness and long term damage.
IMMO ws (2 months ago)
the question that all state  ''authorities'' fail to answer  is why humans feel the need to use drugs? why do we feel so miserable and unhappy?
Paelorian (2 months ago)
Alcohol influences culture. It doesn't contribute. Far from it. Humans are generally less productive and effective under it's influence. That doesn't mean it's unacceptable, as it can be enjoyed in moderation without causing significant harm, but the video suggests alcohol aids in hand achievement, when the opposite is generally true. Alcohol rarely helps, and often harms. Regular intoxication damages, ruins, and ends lives. It's a vice and when a hobby is made of drinking it is extremely unproductive and counterproductive.
Whomping Walrus (2 months ago)
Increased productivity =/= increased cultural contribution. Drugs have been behind some of the most significant contributions to culture. Look at art scenes - many of the most artistically gifted are pretty experimental when it comes to unconventional substance use. A lot of the time people use it to either get over themselves or to just enjoy a different perspective in order to discover new opportunities and achieve something new/different. You won't do normal things quite as quickly or flawlessly when intoxicated, but alcohol & other drugs can definitely help contribute to culture. You're right though - alcohol is super harmful super often. It's definitely not something people should take so lightly or use so heavily, and making a habit of it is scary territory.
TheRabaxyka (2 months ago)
The true alcohol is old and good drink..the alcohol of this days is poor LOTS of quanty and nothing of quality!
Poon Slayer1312 (2 months ago)
WOW. You completely left out the cancer and heart, arterieal and psychological diseases alcohol causes. Is this sponsored by the alcohol lobby or what?
al-Haifawi (2 months ago)
+babecat2000 I'm not sorry for not promoting the poison you like to drink.
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
+al-Haifawi Quit being a downer.
Whomping Walrus (2 months ago)
+al-Haifawi 100% agree my dude.
al-Haifawi (2 months ago)
+Whomping Walrus I haven't actually seen the studies showing that alcohol reduces risk for heart disease. I have heard that wine does that, but at the same time wine is grape juice and there is a substance in grape juice that promotes longer muscle fibers - maybe that is what strengthens the heart and not alcohol itself... I dunno. In scientific philosophy we are taught that it is impossible to prove causation, and I believe that especially applies to medical issues since there are a number of factors affecting the end results.
Whomping Walrus (2 months ago)
​+al-Haifawi Idk if I'd say it isn't worth it - heart disease and cancer will both kill you. I don't drink, but looking at my genetics, I'm probably going to die to heart disease around 60 regardless of how healthy I stay, so I'd probably take the risk & drink if I enjoyed alcohol at all. It's a trade-off, & both probabilities are low. I'd rather leave the choice to individual people than say anyone who supports the ability to make their own decisions is an alcoholic. Props to you for abstaining though - I definitely prefer to be around people who don't drink. I'm not seeing your link. Maybe YouTube removed it? I checked out a few websites, like the ACS above, but I'm interested in seeing the one you're talking about too.
Leon00717 (2 months ago)
If weed is legal, alcohol should be too
Steven Coelho (2 months ago)
Overindulgence of ANYTHING will have an opposite and equal reaction. Have Fun Humans 😊
Bakerman is Bakin Bread (2 months ago)
The Ethanol molecule looks like a little balloon dog
MAK Team TR (2 months ago)
Hmmmmm Demekki A101 burdan geliormuş. Hic etik degil. 😂😂😂 🇹🇷🇹🇷
New Message (2 months ago)
Here I was hoping for a list of 101 alcohol types to drink before next New Year. * hic *
Darbar Madu (2 months ago)
good guy (2 months ago)
Ironic the first beers were from the arabs...
Peeta Griffin (2 days ago)
+1 day left 1 day left for what?
مصطفى الخفاجي (1 month ago)
+Ramazan akkaya shut up, there was no arabs and kurds in that time of history ,
مصطفى الخفاجي (1 month ago)
+Jafar K.f calling islam as ""plague "" but lets see your religion history and see's how the ""plague"" Let us look for a moment at the number of victims sacrificed on the altars of the Christian Moloch: — 1,000,000 perished during the early Arian schism; 1,000,000 during the Carthaginian struggle; 7,000,000 during the Saracen slaughters. In Spain 5,000,000 perished during the eight Crusades; 2,000,000 of Saxons and Scandinavians lost their lives in opposing the introduction of the blessings of Christianity. 1,000,000 were destroyed in the Holy(?) Wars against the Netherlands, Albigenses, Waldenses, and Huguenots. 30,000,000 Mexicans and Peruvians were slaughtered ere they could be convinced of the beauties(?) of the Christian creed. 9,000,000 were burned for witchcraft. Total, 56,000,000. ... compare that number to people who been killed by muslims and lets see who's the real "plague""
Ramazan akkaya (2 months ago)
that region is called Kurdistan and the people there are not Arabs, they're Kurds
Kenneth (2 months ago)
+1 day left Jesus didnt tell people not to drink it it has always been a part of the Abrahamic religions (Judaism and Christianity). Where the idea came from that Christians shouldnt drink is from the Anabaptists in the 15 and 16th century who misinterpreted the Bible as no alcohol stance when the Bible has only taught not to become drunk. Than the temperance movement of the 19th Century and 20th century said such. Outside of those denominations alcohol is rightly considered a blessing of enjoyment in moderation and a sinful indulgence in excess. And for goodness sake Jesus had wine at the Last Supper and made wine for a wedding and it wasnt the Grape Juice a lot of Baptists and Methodists like to pass it off as in the Bible, ignoring the countless other instances of alcohol being used and alcohol being more often used in drink to provide clean beverage in a time where modern clean drinking methods didnt exist. Regards, A theological degree holder
Roy Godiksen (2 months ago)
Alcohol is basically semi-modern drugs. Mushrooms and burning plants are the old school of drugs.
Boddah (2 months ago)
Logan Reynolds (2 months ago)
wonderful video I don't drink never have but its a grate video... the reason I decided never to drink id because somebody told me it kills brain cells but I don't even believe that any way... it's not something I like or ever will do I just don't drink :)
grindcoremaniac (2 months ago)
Had a beer while watching this.
Titan God (2 months ago)
alcohol is haram
Whomping Walrus (2 months ago)
+Justin Y. What are you, for real? A neural net? 3000 dudes with an interesting sense of humor? You're everywhere - even places nearly no one will ever see, so it's not like you're exclusively attention whoring.
Justin Y. (2 months ago)
Your life is haram
Joe The Simple (2 months ago)
More drinks, more fun. Cheers! 🍻😂✌
Disasta Da Villn (2 months ago)
Lmao i kid you not... I am drinking vodka as we type and this pops up in my YouTube notifications lol💁😂
arrowghost (2 months ago)
Does anybody have the problem of wanting to drink with their buddies but their tongue's taste buds refuse to accept alcohol itself? I do!
Jafar K.f (2 months ago)
arrowghost yeah well ....get them to swallow a hard liquor and surely...they'll like the ethanol effect
al-Haifawi (2 months ago)
Skip it. Drink alcohol-free.
VISHAL JANGPANGI (2 months ago)
Try a flavored one for start.
arrowghost (2 months ago)
0:16, is that from Mythbusters?
fire lioness (2 months ago)
Isn't Noble rot grand....
Ashley Y (2 months ago)
Brain Point TV (2 months ago)
Oh so alcohol is lengendary
Yörük Kızı Laz Oğli (2 months ago)
Very Nice! 👍😍
Kerry Li (2 months ago)
Don’t drink and drive…
arya (1 month ago)
Smoke and fly
BootlegGreenThanos (2 months ago)
Should go without saying unfortunately
J. Darby Hill (2 months ago)
Kerry Li I recommend not taking a sleep aid before driving either.
XFiremaniac (2 months ago)
R Campana (2 months ago)
Boozers are loozers
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
Not true moderation is key.
Anna-Maree Castillo (2 months ago)
"Drink Responsibly" is an oxymoron, precisely because of the way it affects our dopamine, serotonin & endorphin levels.
babecat2000 (2 months ago)
No it is true. A lot of people drink a little and are perfectly fine.
Krypton Gaming (2 months ago)