HomeScience & TechnologyRelated VideosMore From: LogicLounge

Airport Markings And Signs - Aviation Facts

3974 ratings | 412279 views
Every single thing painted on the ground at an airport means something. Here's a breif overview on the major markings and signs you will see. Keep in mind this will vary from airport to airport and country to country. === SOCIAL
Get embed code!
Text Comments (398)
haydar abdelsaheb (2 days ago)
very well done
Jonathan Wells (3 days ago)
Enjoyable and informative. I like your introductory approach and video graphic taxi from gate to takeoff position, with a chuckle when you first correctly mentioned the "10" is for 'ten thousand feet', then you said, 'ten hundred feet'. Do a little more revision, I hope you do more videos, thank you.
Diesel Miro (4 days ago)
9:25 Just one thing, that stopping bar is solid from this side and dashed from the other side for a reason, it's simply that when you are stopping from the double yellow side (actual POV in the video) you CANNOT cross it without ATC permission. But coming from the other side you CAN cross it with no ATC permission. In other words, let's say if you are just crossing a runway, you will cross double yellows then double dashes from this side of runway (Meaning u need ATC permission), then you will be on the runway, and then from the runway to the taxiway you will be on a double dashes and then double yellow (which means no ATC permission) otherwise if u stopped your aircraft on the runway asking for a permission to continue to the taxiway it's gonna be a disaster !! PS: I loved your work :) !
Bhargov bor Gohain (5 days ago)
A ANTICASTROS (18 days ago)
Iwould like in spanish
Paul Babinski (21 days ago)
Max Harddrive (21 days ago)
Great job. Does anyone know what sim software he is using? I am looking for a newer and better one than the Microsoft Flight Sim X that I am currently using.
Judy Alcatraz (21 days ago)
Brennan Penland (22 days ago)
What computer program are you using?
dopeydad1221 (22 days ago)
Ronnie Harris (22 days ago)
That was very informative. Thank you very much. I will subscribe and I look forward to more. Thanks again.
Dennis Clark (24 days ago)
great video, very informative..... did not know all of this ...thanks
David Howell (26 days ago)
The runway designator: 34R-16L means that the runway is aligned with 340 degrees in one direction and has a right hand circuit, and is aligned with 160 degrees in the other direction and has a left hand circuit. A circuit is a path taken in the air when approaching the runway. Left or Right indicates the direction of all turns in the circuit.
Denai 94 (25 days ago)
Actually the R & L are used with parallel runways. If there was only one runway it would be 34-16 with no letters. In this example, SeaTac has two runways side-by-side 34R-16L and 34L-16R, being right and left as seen from the approach side. Flights will depart on 34R and land on 34L or whatever is local convention. Has nothing to do with "circuits" and everything to do with getting a plane on the correct runway to avoid other aircraft. At uncontrolled airports the circuit as you call it is generally left handed, at controlled facilities it is whatever the ATC tell you it is.
Dion Maile (27 days ago)
Wow.. awesome! Very informative. Thanks a bunch.
Shivam Suri (27 days ago)
which simulation software do you use?
Doug Mammaro (1 month ago)
I just learned something.
Nasir Usman (1 month ago)
Very informative,
TheOtherBBCmusic (1 month ago)
How is it possible, knowing this, that an Air Canada A320 nearly landed on a taxiway with 4 airliners on it, at night at SFO and at the last second was barely able to pull up and go around?? Or Harrison Ford, who actually landed on a taxiway at John Wayne, narrowly missing a 737? The runways are very clearly marked, very clearly not taxiways and the length of time a pilot spends lining up to land should make it a no-brainer to not land on a taxiway. Thoughts?
Denai 94 (25 days ago)
I think that is when they use the term "pilot error". All the markings and signs in the world are wonderful until you throw in the human element. Hang a wet paint sign up on a wall and watch how many people will touch it to see if it really is.
Pedro Lane (1 month ago)
Nice tutorial.
Terry Brown (1 month ago)
Well done my man. Makes a window seat much more interesting.
BariumCobaltNitrog3n (1 month ago)
I could only watch for a minute, even though the content was quite fascinating. You talk too fast, say um too many times (write a script!) and sit too close to the mic. The popping of every p and b is impossible to listen to. Listen to Tony Darnell or Wendover or MindSmash for a professional speaking style. Good luck.
akram galetsis (1 month ago)
great vid i appreciate it
Dennis Tedder (1 month ago)
Dude, expedite, expedite.
lock n load (1 month ago)
very confusing. why was runway 34R on the LEFT side of the sign and runway 16L on the RIGHT side?????? (maybe when the plan finally gets to the end of the taxiway and turns onto the end of the runway for takeoff it'll be on the right side of runway 16L.......) MAYBE.....donno!
Andrew Jones (1 month ago)
reference the solid and dashes - its the other way around. you can cross a dashed without ATC permission (leaving a runway, entering the apron etc) but you MUST have permission to cross the solid lines ie entering the movement area or entering the runway
J Reeves (1 month ago)
Very nice, but the 10 on the runways means 1000 feet i.e. 10,000 feet, 9,000 feet, etc. Great video sir.
Internet Quality Police (1 month ago)
you sound like a manic droid,disliked.
buddha65281 (1 month ago)
So do the PAPI lights work on ILS or just based on visual?? thanks for the video!
Ric Scott (1 month ago)
yes,Thank You very much for your video. Having been a ramper at RNO<SFO< and Lax also TVL I did learn some info from you thanks for your time!
wee stef mcd (1 month ago)
that voice but,shuttitt
Christopher Hadsell (1 month ago)
Stunning 3d work! Thanks! I did learn a lot--I'm really just curious--and airports fascinate me. Great work!
MJ B (1 month ago)
Haywood Jablome (1 month ago)
Precision Approach Path Indicator....PAPI.
MJ B (1 month ago)
Very nice overview! Thank you for sharing. :-D
None Ya (1 month ago)
Looks like KSEA. Great refresher, thanks!
VERNON JURIGA (1 month ago)
ft myers airport in florida has a 12 thousand ft. runway eglin afb has a 12 or 13k ft runway
VERNON JURIGA (1 month ago)
the numbers on each side of the runway indicate abbr. for thousand feet. so the # 10 indicates you have 10K feet to stop your plane
Shree Krishna Sunar (1 month ago)
Which simulator/software you're using for demonstration on video? Well,good videos
Jeff Wolsieffer (1 month ago)
Black Numbers on Runway: they are Seconds @ 300 mph/km ... Feet/Meters are not standardized, seconds Are. a WWII left over. THx.
David Berquist (2 months ago)
Is it true runways have to be 150 feet wide min. Have ils and tower and lights thanks i saw a video of kenya they landed on dirt i never saw that here in us
Livewire (2 months ago)
Did you learn all these off a sim? LOL. The first most important one that you skipped over because you had no idea are the (checkered lines) zipper lines. That means aircraft come and go through these, a live taxi way. So when you're driving a vehicle along the road you should always look to make sure no aircraft are coming through. Giveway.... And the other double white lines are the apron edge. Meaning there is a taxi way adjacent to the double lines.
Gary Allen (2 months ago)
That was freaking awesome.... Can't wait to look out the window when taxiing again....
John Slyfield (2 months ago)
I’m guessing this is SeaTac airport :)
R Diaz (2 months ago)
Carl Seddon (2 months ago)
Interesting information thanks I am learning ground movements as part of my PPL ground navigation
RedArrow73 (2 months ago)
9:13 - Better Wording: ...entering a "Runway Safety Area". An explanation that ONLY ONE AIRCRAFT can occupy the RSA applies. (Unless ATC approves otherwise)
RedArrow73 (2 months ago)
I gave you a like.
Torrey Jones (2 months ago)
pop filter, for the love of ears everywhere, pop filter.
T Becker (2 months ago)
good job. thanks for the upload. PS the touchdown zone markers are always 1000 ft from the arrival end of a runway.
Neeraj Sharma (2 months ago)
Thank you so much. This was very informational.
Iluvsexygirlbums (2 months ago)
As a professional commercial pilot, I'd say a very good job. The yellow chevron markings at the end of the runway threshold is for jet blast. It is a area designated to allow the powerful exhaust gasses to reduce. Imagine it was just grass. There would be debris thrown everywhere and it would be a safety issue. There's also cat 1,2and 3 markings on the ils boards, this is what category of aircraft the ils system supports.
Thomas Griffin (2 months ago)
Very interesting stuff
Boesner11 (2 months ago)
I believe that all air traffic markings, measurements and weights are done in the metric system, not imperial. So instead of feet it would be meters. I could be wrong, but it is my understanding that all airports around the world stick with the metric system, keeping it with one type of measurements prevents mistakes from happening for pilot errors when they come to a new airport. All pilots know the metric system, and pilots dont want to be asking questions when landing if the measurement are imperial or metric
Mark out West (1 month ago)
Uh, no. It's feet, knots, nautical and statute miles. ICAO altitude is given in feet, speed is giving in knots. Also, the common language worldwide is English. Any communications to/from aircraft are in English. Also, you'll notice that whenever a non-English speaking aircrew are reading checklists or asking for or giving information they always switch to English.
Peter Lafayette (2 months ago)
A city block is approximately 1000 feet. To short to land a plane. The 10 must mean 10000 feet. I guess. Anyways , I think I can handle it from here. Where can I pick up license?
Rog5446 (2 months ago)
At time marker 5:36 he said anything to the right of the dashed line etc etc, but he was actually talking about the left side of the dashed line.
mike peters (2 months ago)
horrible voice, could only watch about 1 minute.
Large Yankees Fan (2 months ago)
What addons do you use?
S2Kjeffrey (2 months ago)
I have been surveying airports including placement of pavement markings for over 30 years. He is not entirely correct about the red/white lines at the gate. They designate the equipment staging areas so objects and vehicles don't interfere with the aircraft when moving in or out of the gate. It's not about restricting movement of personnel. PAPI = Precision Approach Path Indicator, normally set for a 3 degree slope, although each unit is slightly different.
William Walker (2 months ago)
If you can turn either L or R off of Qubec onto Bravo, then why does the sign marking Quebec only show to traffic coming from the Right-hand side? When you go behind, there are no markings showing traffic where Quebec is from that direction. If it's one-way, why does the B sign show arrows going both ways? If that just indicates that that taxiway extends both directions, then how DO you know which way traffic is supposed to flow?
Stephanie Arthur (2 months ago)
Larry Easton (2 months ago)
Check it out, this is the Van Nuys Airport, San Fernando Valley. Doesn't have commercial gates. Just an aviation fact.
REMF (2 months ago)
So why did you go over the grass?
R Diaz (2 months ago)
Viewpoint hover.
Paul Mathieson (2 months ago)
Chevrons.. overrun, not landing.
Paul Mathieson (2 months ago)
Uncanny ability to land, uh? Nothing to do with radio beacons and computers then?
Paul Mathieson (2 months ago)
It's ICAO not Federal regulations for markings.
Paul Mathieson (2 months ago)
The yellow lines are centreline markings. Ideally, the nosewheel should run along the line. Stops the msinwheels running on the grass.
gabriel pluchino (2 months ago)
anyone notice this is sea tac
Daniel Moraine (1 month ago)
I knew it looked familiar
No Name (2 months ago)
You are killing me, killing me, Bro. Great video but it's pronounced KEH-bek. Not KWE-bek. It's a letter not a geographical area!
Ron Gardiner (2 months ago)
Thanks Alex Trebek :) I think when using the phonetic alphabet everyone must use exactly the same pronunciation. It was wrong from the beginning and will stay that way.
Piper Alpha (2 months ago)
You had me convinced you knew what you were talking about until you got to the “end of runway distance markings” where you were guessing what the numbers represent. That’s where you lost me.
quarryfield (2 months ago)
Great video, I learned a lot watching this. Thanks for taking the time to explain the markings, it will be fun looking out for them on our next trip. Great graphics too, well done.
James (3 months ago)
Good job there, LogicLounge, learnt quite a bit... thanks!
Lydia Miller (3 months ago)
what sim u using????????TELL ME AND I SUBSCRIBE
Sam Wahba (3 months ago)
Which airport is this??
R Diaz (2 months ago)
Sea-Tac Airport.
rpprevost (3 months ago)
Why is yield spelled as "yeld"?
Jim T (3 months ago)
Double yellow line is not edge of taxiway. It is "do not cross" normally because the surface is insufficient to support the weight of an aircraft. It also be an area where you may see above ground electrical conduit leading up to taxiway lighting. However, the idea is still "do not cross" these lines. Particularly, a flight that has no divert and land at an alternative airport due to mechanical or destination airport has landing delays (WX-weather, or other event) or departure ATC delays where aircraft must pull away from the terminal due to other aircraft needing to take the gate space but due to delays at the destination the ATC is not granting take off clearance at the present time. The area with the red/white line is an area required to be clear of all equipment prior to aircraft operation. So personnel tugs, baggage carts, cones, etc all have to be outside the area when the aircraft is pulling into or pushing out of the gate area. It also is why the red/white lines extend back with little or no area in between. This is the area where airplane marshalls will walk in as the aircraft is pushed back to bring attention and radio the tug about any aircraft crossing behind the plane. So if you notice the line at the right goes much further back than the one at the left. Those are the points where the marshalls walk to while walking an aircraft back. One may be much shorter because they are giving information about the other taxiway you can see a bit off to the left and the one at the right walks out to the edge of the taxiway to advise of any aircraft coming to the pushback tug. The number at the entrance of the gate is how far the aircraft needs to push back to before they are free to maneuver. If some cases they can't start either engine until they have pushed back to this point.
peter olsen (3 months ago)
The mowing crew should lift their game!
cagun7 (3 months ago)
You forgot a important thing the blue light on the taxi way indicate they are the closest (up to and end out) to the runway . The runway itself has clear lights on the sides .So we may call it "entering the danger zone" and the danger zine were all things happen`s in fast speed.
matthew walker (3 months ago)
A red and white marking is not defined as a runway marking it is defined as a mandatory sign. The term is a white inscription with a red back ground. The purpose of these signs "mean you must have permission to cross". Usually there will be a line on the ground next to the sign to show the boundary. It is used at runways as ATC don't want planes entering a runway without permission. The mandatory sign is also shown on no entry signs. BTW the dash between the numbers represent that the reciprocal ends to the runway and the direction of the turn left or right will take you to the runway threshold.
Sushi Lover (3 months ago)
Thank you for making this video, I often wondered how to make sense of the signs while taxing on a plane.
martin theiss (3 months ago)
Hey Logic, here is a brilliant safety idea. If 34 R is being used at the current landing command why not execute a takeoff with a large plane for the airport at 16 L. Is that reasonable?
R Diaz (2 months ago)
Sea-Tac's 16L and 34R are the same runway. 16L/34R is used exclusively as the departure runway, take-offs only. 16C/34C and 16R/34L are for landings. Also, you always take off and land into the wind.
Vadim Martynyuk (3 months ago)
What’s wrong with your mic ?
Jim Bartosch Sr. (3 months ago)
I agree Makaveli I am a user of Microsoft Sim X I have been flying the simulator since I got my Commodore 64. I have been a virtual Pilot with Eastern virtual Airlines and have over 3,000 flight hours and it was nice to know what those lines and numbers meant. So instead of bashing him you need to thank him for taking time out of his daily life to teach us.
Rizwan Noor (3 months ago)
much appreciated, keep it up
Farooq Khan (3 months ago)
Thank you very much for explaining, i refresh my knowledge of Airport Operations after a break of many years.
Jonel Umbal (3 months ago)
I think it is called "jet bridge", not sky bridge.
Toudji Boubakar (3 months ago)
Hi sir I want to say that those two yellow line and yellow dashed as you said do not cross without ATC permission that area called (holding point)
Toudji Boubakar (3 months ago)
+matthew walker yeah thank you sir I've said that because while you were explaining that point you were out of the runaway just before penetrating so you have to hold unless you got the ATC Clarence . by the way I'm an ATC from Algeria and your video was so fruitful and useful regardless of that point.
matthew walker (3 months ago)
Very good point and correct name. Just remember you don't have to hold when coming off the runway. The hold is always done on the side of the solid lines until you receive a clearance.
Peter Downing (3 months ago)
Nice! Cleared up a lot of questions I had. Thanks
Wissal B (3 months ago)
That;s a great video 👍👍👍
signman Bob (3 months ago)
What airport are you using for the instruction here? Nevermind, I see that it is LatinVFR's KSEA. Looks good. Very informative video.
Drblake Cock (3 months ago)
Your not a pliot are you? Sad....
Bruce Richall (3 months ago)
The video was excellent and informative thank you for producing and sharing this. Just one small point. I believe that you said the ISL runway marker stood for Automatic Landing System when in fact it means Instrument Landing System.
Robert Jennings (3 months ago)
FOD is why parking area is big. Flying objects and debris off-times shoots up when a jet engine starts..
Kenneth Thomas (3 months ago)
It's actually Foreign Object Damage FOD.
Euro 73 (3 months ago)
Very interesting, I am no pilot but I really appreciate aircraft and flying in general. Many thanks, truly enjoyed and informative.
Bart A (24 days ago)
Euro 73 a
Charles Laurie-Magyar (3 months ago)
Excellent info.
BlinkPhaseVideos (3 months ago)
At 15:41 Cpt. Jean-Luc Picard was triggered and beat the shit out of a Cardassian!
JJ K (3 months ago)
Visually well illustrated on PAPI lights. Nice.
R Diaz (2 months ago)
What did the VASI say to the landing pilot? "I'm not your PAPI." ;-)
Nick Hiles (3 months ago)
hey that was great:) being a new pilot i like watching these kinds of videos just to reinforce the information that ive gathered because its kinda hard to remember every detail with all the actual flying going on. good job buddy
GAURAV SANKAR (3 months ago)
Holy shit this stuff is complicated 😟
Harold Pescuela (3 months ago)
Your audio is annoying. Most of all words with P and B
Tim Curtis (3 months ago)
Mark E (3 months ago)
very informative video. thanks
Ron D'Eau Claire (3 months ago)
@ 3:22, YELD means Yield?
jeanco lapierre armande (3 months ago)
Quite informative, and although I am an experienced flightsim pilot, I learned one or two things here. Flightsim pilots (myself included) pay a lot of attention to the aircraft, but airport behaviour is, mostly, far less important to us. Most common mistake: taxiing far to fast; get up in the air as soon as possible!