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Airport Markings And Signs - Aviation Facts

6895 ratings | 686308 views
Every single thing painted on the ground at an airport means something. Here's a breif overview on the major markings and signs you will see. Keep in mind this will vary from airport to airport and country to country. === SOCIAL
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Text Comments (641)
Ronald Pogatchnik (1 hour ago)
Excellent. Thank You for taking the time to present this.
Robert D Moore (1 day ago)
Nice video, the only thing I'd change is your statement that aircraft "don't have the best of brakes" if they had bad brakes they don't fly! These planes get a workaround by the pilot and one of the things he check is the Brakes wear indicators also periodically a maintenance will also perform a workaround inspection, what you should have said was "aircraft takes time/distance to stop".
ISAAC AKE (3 days ago)
Nice video
Harold Brown (5 days ago)
Paul Sale (5 days ago)
What does "YELD" mean?
purge98 (6 days ago)
16:13 You forgot to mention that if you are very low they turn to green, because the light is filtering through the grass.
Preston Holland (1 day ago)
haha, your ass is grass at that point!
Finally it's Ed (7 days ago)
My company designs and oversees construction of airports. My field inspectors have to be trained in all the rules associated with movement within, and outside of the RSA which also includes radio communications with ATC. While the training is thorough, this video is a well thought out and portrayed visual representation that could only enhance this training. Great job! Thanks.
Geez (8 days ago)
Bread and Butter
Steve St Clair (9 days ago)
Good job. Thanks for this one. Fun to know.
Mike squire (9 days ago)
Great video and makes it simple to understand, did anyone else notice the rendering misspelled Yield, it says YELD. Other than that thanks for the video and all the information.
Jerry Gundecker (11 days ago)
Look for vastly different markings when landing in other countries.
Ed smith (12 days ago)
Those approach lights we used to call VASIs for visual approach situation indicators. The white lights were on top of the red lights. If you were high you saw white over White, if you were on the Glide path it was white over red, if you were too low it was red over red. There was a saying, red over red you're dead.
Maximo Lopez SR (15 days ago)
You I’d not tell about the distance o the touch down markers
Maximo Lopez SR (15 days ago)
Double yellow with dash tour the active Runway side meand when you land and take the runway and you approach the dash lane at your side you can continuously but when you are coming from the taxi way and you approach A double solid line you must Sot if you do not have permitió. To enter
CAG Hotshot (16 days ago)
So ground staff “YELD”s? 😆
Scott Johnson (17 days ago)
The guy who made this video must have worked at an airport or something.
Scott Johnson (17 days ago)
They have the aircraft type markers at the gates at MSP.
Gestapo Spies (18 days ago)
Soooo cool. Especially the visual glide path indicators. Thanks. What airport is that?
DaNuke (19 days ago)
What game is it?
Tanny Mize (21 days ago)
Is this fsx or xplane? Also well done mate. Keep it up. I am an aspiring pilot too.
InvestorGuy66 (27 days ago)
This video makes me think of Josh Flowers (Aviation 101 channel here on YouTube).
InvestorGuy66 (27 days ago)
This video makes me think of Josh Flowers (Aviation 101 channel here on YouTube).
Dan Kramer (28 days ago)
Poor Sound..
John (1 month ago)
Next up: The numbers on a football field
rackum44 (1 month ago)
How can you find your gate when you land
rackum44 (1 month ago)
Very informative Thanks
Roland Riviere (1 month ago)
Apart from the great information, the 3D presentation is outstanding, including the change in PAPI lights with a change in altitude angle. Very cool.
Steven Leber (1 month ago)
Hmmmm. Looks like someone spelled "YIELD" wrong (rong) at 2:58 into the vid.
Matthew Myatt (1 month ago)
You forgot to mention that the piano keys denote usable width of the runway in 5 meters. So three left and three right gives a usable runway width of 30 meters.
Thomas Reed (1 month ago)
Maybe you should read the book first.
Dennis Hopkins (1 month ago)
This was great! Thank you
jansb (1 month ago)
Great video.
Jeffery Jenkins (1 month ago)
Just for your info, the checker paint is a zipper line. The painted road is call a drive lane. Also at that airport (SEATAC) they have a non-movement tower call ramp tower.
A. Chin (1 month ago)
That is an Airbus A321, not an Airbus A320.
A. Chin (1 month ago)
The numbers on the side of the runway indicates every 1,000 feet.
A. Chin (1 month ago)
The threshold marking on the runway indicates the width of the runway. Each bar is about 25 feet. The number of bars indicates how wide the runway is. 2 bars: 25 feet (7.5 meters) 4 bars: 50 feet (15 meters) 6 bars: 75 feet (22.5 meters) 8 bars: 100 feet (30 meters) 10 bars: 125 feet (37.5 meters) 12 bars: 150 feet (45 meters) 14 bars: 175 feet (52.5 meters) 16 bars: 200 feet (60 meters)
Rob mc glue (1 month ago)
The yellow line is the lead line,the hammerhead marks for various sizes of aircraft lead to tug box ,the checkored line is coach or bus lines the red and white lines are the ATC line ye must be in contact with tower
Rob mc glue (1 month ago)
This guy hasn't a clue
Abubakar Usman (2 months ago)
Thanks sir now i know a lot about airport marks line👍
Strictbearatarian (2 months ago)
Absolutely fascinating thanks a lot for the video. Just had one question: you said plane can mess with the ils so they stop at the ils line, but then you proceeded through it as if thats what they do, how does just stopping help this, or do the planes avoid this area completely?
Sid1701D9 The Sims channel (2 months ago)
Please keep in mind, that some airports don't use their names and number, but the latitude and longitude lines, the threshold of the runway also tells what type of planes can land safely on it. The who plane must fit in the yellow threshold and the white bars, other runways if not exactly on the longitude and Latitude lines will be named using GPS numbers 34R is telling pilots its an angled runway from laletute and longitude lines and its 34 meters R of the GPS position. North and South runways in the United States are labeled Old numbers and East West runways are labeled Even numbers the runway numbers tend to follow local vehicle traffic rules for your country. International runways are usually marked with more than one measurement and system, so that pilots can see them. Service roads in the US follow United States Traffic laws unless sighs say otherwise. Also taxi ways in United states flights that are going on to taxi way must stay to the right of other planes and vehicles, in other countries it could be the left. Also all planes that are taxing must have their taxi lights on so that planes from the air can see there positions when coming in for a landing. United States usually planes take off from the right runway and land from the left runway just like a highway.
ballybunion9 (2 months ago)
Thank you. Very interesting stuff.
David Berquist (2 months ago)
Is minimal width of taxi way 75 feet and runway 150 feet world wide or just in 🇺🇸 USA
karima urling (2 months ago)
Thank you for the knowledge
Lifeswitch Coaching (2 months ago)
Thanks, that was really helpful!
Dale Snyder (2 months ago)
I really appreciate the lesson.
DOLRED (2 months ago)
13:09 "These Arrows" ...they are called Chevrons. The area of Chevrons is there maybe for terrain clearance ahead of the runway, or say, allowance for Jet Blast, etc... The chevron pavement itself is unusable and may not be thick enough to support heavy weight aircraft. Meaning if you taxi or land on those chevrons, your landing gear may lock/sink into the surface. The result would likely be a sudden stop the pilot would not care to experience. In aviation, usually it is the sudden stop that hurts. The number of long white bars on the threshold actually have a meaning. They indicate the width of the runway. Because there are 12 painted here, the runway is 150' wide. Thanks for the video. It compelled me to recheck my knowledge and I did not remember what those threshold bars meant although I had once heard of it.
marmaly (2 months ago)
Had to leave due to that voice.
KLINDA SHAMA (2 months ago)
Would you tell me what software you use?
Shahzad Naqvi (2 months ago)
Methodists Christian ... Church ... Vatican ... Stomach Food Sex Reading Sleep Cleanliness Health Lawyer ...Self ...
Thomas Tim (2 months ago)
Thanks for this great valuable video! I will make sure to have a window seat on my next flight.
Kevin Singkham (2 months ago)
robert shaw (3 months ago)
Yellow line "Stretched". How about OUTLINED Interesting presentation for the uninformed or novice but there were some omissions and bumbles. It seemed as though you were laying the voice track as you watch a playback of the video. Likely it would have been better had you scripted it.. But thanks for the effort. I am certain a lot of people learned from it.
Shawn Smith (3 months ago)
I really enjoyed this video. Thank You for being creative to put this walk-thru together. I thoroughly appreciate the time and effort to make this.
John Stover (3 months ago)
Nicely done, and added to my trivia database. The only minor thing i'll add is about the "34-16" runway numbers. 34 means 340 degrees, as stated, but the 16 means 160 which is 180 degrees from 340. In other words, the "opposite direction"
Omar Mahfouz (3 months ago)
Logic "the bread and butter" lounge
Doc DuMont (3 months ago)
Very informative. A little slower narration would work. Oh by the way, a preposition is the wrong thing to end a sentence with.
Charles Smith (3 months ago)
At night, being a jetliner pilot can be dangerous in VLIFR conditions, especially when you are about to approach the runway. Even with ATC clearance, very low visibilities or fog can keep pilots from seeing runway lights or markers, which can lead to runway excursions, near misses - or even disaster. How can the pilot deal with these as the jet leaves the gate and goes along the tarmac to the appropriate takeoff runway in these visibility challenges? Does he have to still have to look at the cockpit window or look at his instruments?
Tom Leadbitter (3 months ago)
Great vid, thanks a lot. Where did the graphics come from, please?
Manjunath CV (3 months ago)
Flight Simulation Software for sure!
Ed Kummel (3 months ago)
@3:13...anybody else bothered by "YELD"?
Michael Culpepper (3 months ago)
I wish every flight sim’r would watch this video. Thanks for the great vid 👍🏻🤘🏻
William Degnan (3 months ago)
@14:14 Runway End Identification Lights (REIL)
David dkoppyus (3 months ago)
very nicely done, on my next flight, it will give me something to look for during the most boring part of taxiing, thank you
tabuilder (3 months ago)
I got everything until you said "What's up guys?". Could you repeat everything after that, please?
FELIX DATCHE (3 months ago)
The Yellow lines on this airport are outlined with black to emphasize them visually since this looks to be a concrete pavement hence whitish...white doesn't show yellow out well unlike if it was black tarmac that would automatically contrast. Good efforts man.
MR ENGINEER (3 months ago)
Thanks for the great video, man. The next time I visit an airport I will pay more attention. I'm already interested in airport structures and runways as a Civil engineer since we are responsible for bringing these facilities to LIFE and MAINTAIN them.
bentwing100 (3 months ago)
where did this guy get his information? online? youtube?. I worked at several airports never seen a lot of the road markings that he claims. really????
Erwin Ling (3 months ago)
thank you for your video.
Duurt van Dingen (3 months ago)
Too bad, I'm colordeaf.
Robert Payne (3 months ago)
When paving at a airport we had a paving foreman to disappear one day. We were in close proximity to an Air National facility he stepped across a redline and was detained several hours by the Military Police...
Robert Jones (3 months ago)
Very helpful video. Thanks for providing the info!
Trevor Ross (3 months ago)
Great video,very informative.Can u do some more with like a different airport.And like go a little more in depth with more signs.
Franken spielt (3 months ago)
What Simulator is this?
gorpand (3 months ago)
Seriously? I am the only one who was triggered by "There are four lights"?
Preston Holland (1 day ago)
yup here here
Homer Rajotte (3 months ago)
Captain Picard!
glyn challinor (4 months ago)
No. A useless commentary, the script needs re-writing and should be read by someone who knows what he is talking about!
Falling Knife Stocks (4 months ago)
Great clip!
10,000 feet. One thing I didn't hear about is the blue taxiway edge lights. They are blue on the edge and if down the middle they are green. Great video...
Alex Recupero (4 months ago)
He mentioned that
isaac Heres (4 months ago)
A crash course at Aviation and flight school's. Pay attention to this video, there will be a pop quiz at the end so take notes
David Gardner (4 months ago)
I use to stripe airports and runways, nice video and yes it’s a lot of walking when laying it out and waiting for the tower to give you permission to move about.
Johannes Bols (6 days ago)
David Gardner, I bet walking and even driving a motor vehicle, you notice the distances far more than we do when we're seated in 1A. To actually walk the distances from the terminal to the runways and taxiways must feel like it goes on and on... another thing I noticed is those yellow reflector vests aren't bright enough to spot somebody.
Babur Ejaz (4 months ago)
Thanks for your educational videos
Southern Oregon Cat Mom (4 months ago)
Thanks for the info!
Deacon Blues (4 months ago)
Is this guy a pilot 👨‍✈️? Pilots usually say, or the computers say, APPROACHING MININMALS .
Ruben Villanueva (4 months ago)
ILS= Instrument Landing System. Nothing automatic about it. Great video!
Steven Coffone (3 months ago)
Ruben Villanueva CAT II/III etc.
Travel Food (4 months ago)
A big Thank You!
medisalem salem (4 months ago)
interesting, despite a gargantuan amount of talking not rest in between ...irritating.
Ruben Villanueva (4 months ago)
A tea break perhaps?
William Boone (4 months ago)
Excellent video. You may have discussed this already as I have not checked, but would you discuss or explain the jargon that used between ground control and the pilot?
William Boone (4 months ago)
Ruben Villanueva Thank you.....I will do that.
Ruben Villanueva (4 months ago)
William Boone, Wiiliam, download the FAA handbook 7110.8, or latest edition. It contains all the jargon you would normally hear between pilot and conntrollers. Good educational reading, read it everyday in my 34 years in ATC.
Villa Jallow (4 months ago)
Great information
Thomas tom (4 months ago)
Well done very interesting and well explained 👍
William Janes (4 months ago)
Trainleader21 (4 months ago)
Anyone else notice Yield is spelled "YELD" on the tarmac?
Villa Jallow (4 months ago)
Trainleader21 so?
Chris Kibb (4 months ago)
The red/white line is called the silhouette or aircraft foot print line. This means all ramp equipment and personal must be out of this area before the plane can move or taxi to the gate.
wizbang68 (4 months ago)
I always refer to the runway numbers as landing in the direction of the angle so runway 18 would be a runway with the plane landing or taking off from the North end of the runway and traveling south (to 180*) If they were going to land and take off in the opposite direction then it would be runway 36 (360* - no they don't use 0*)taking off or landing initially on the south end and traveling north. Airports may have 3 runways running parallel with an identifier L (left) C (center) or R (right) if there are more than 3 runways running parallel then the airport will choose a increment higher or lower than the other runway number (IE: 17 and 35 also no decimal numbers in runways). You went past one of the areas that is important for a pilot, as they approach the runway the center line take the plane off to the left before turning to the right, and this is to keep the pilot from turning to quickly and although the front wheel doesn't go off he taxiway the rear wheel may go off into the grass. So the planes will go to the left and then turn right to keep all wheels on the taxiway. The gate number is and line are also the indication where the plane should start their approach to the gate by running the nose wheel over that end of the gate centerline when the tug pushes back they will push the plane back over the same point before turning the plane to the right or left for departure from the ramp area. The 3 landing areas are marked so to indicate where you can touchdown the 2nd is the target for the touchdown. Note more black marks there than the other areas of the runway. Also the 2 corresponds with the glide slope indicator as if you stay with 2 red 2 white you will touchdown at the 2nd white landing line group. A good video overall.
Charles Ramsey (4 months ago)
Great job on the video. Explanation was well read. Thanks for sharing!
Will Blanton (4 months ago)
Something interesting that you didn’t mention is how one runway can have two numbers. For those that don’t know, the numbers correlate with number of degrees relative to North. So runway 9 would be a runway bearing directly to the East (ie 90 degrees). That same way from the opposite side would be 27 (270 degrees). So the runway will have a different number depending on which direction you approach it from.
Dan Mart (4 months ago)
Too much intro.
John Flaherty (4 months ago)
Traveled Lotttts of miles many airports and find interesting... have family that flyes Commercial and was always curious on whats UP.. TY for a Great video
fenathan36 (5 months ago)
A big Thank You for "demystifying" these airfield markings. I always wondered what they meant. I am better informed now.
jay capp (5 months ago)
Thanks. Good video and information.
Andre Newcomb (5 months ago)
Is it 'right or left' always . . . considering that the labeling occurs by viewing North or South?
Asa Myers (5 months ago)
If there are two parallel runways (they have the same heading) then they will be labeled right or left. Since every runway has two heading, they will be labeled as such. For example, JFK airport has two runways that have a magnetic heading of about 40 degrees. Thus, the one to the left is facing 4L and the one to the right is labeled 4R. But since both runways have two ends, if you were to look southwest down the runways, they are labeled 22L and 22R since they have a bearing of about 220 degrees. It’s kind of hard to explain so if you want to look at a diagram, just google “jfk airport diagram” I hope that helps.
Brandon Kepley (5 months ago)
What software do you use to view the airport that you used