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How Air Traffic Control Works

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Buy your domain before it’s gone for 10% off at http://Hover.com/Wendover Listen to Extremities at http://ExtremitiesPodcast.com Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt: https://standard.tv/collections/wendover-productions/products/wendover-productions-shirt Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Instagram: http://Instagram.com/sam.from.wendover Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: sam@wendover.productions Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster Special thanks to Patreon supporters Adam Chelminski, Arkadiy Kulev, Charles Zilinski, Chris Allen, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, John & Becki Johnston, Kyle, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Remi_Scarlet, Tom Dooner, Tyler Hamm, and Vaughn Mudrick Music by http://epidemicsound.com Select footage courtesy the AP Archive References: [1] https://www.heathrow.com/company/company-news-and-information/company-information/facts-and-figures [2] https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-30326125 [3] https://www.eurocontrol.int/articles/flight-planning [4] https://www.nats.aero/about-us/what-we-do/our-control-centres/ [5] https://www.nats.aero/ae-home/introduction-to-airspace/ [6] https://www.reuters.com/article/europe-airlines-atc/air-traffic-control-issues-cost-eu-economy-20-bln-in-2018-airline-body-idUSL5N20T0TU [7] https://www.eurocontrol.int/news/2018-air-traffic
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Text Comments (2199)
Wendover Productions (8 months ago)
Hey all, so in case you didn't see the announcement video, we launched a new scripted podcast last Wednesday called Extremities. It's all about why and how people live in earth's most isolated and extreme settlements. In season one, we tell the story of Pitcairn Island--a small British territory in the South Pacific with just 50 people. It's 300 miles/500 kilometers away from the nearest other inhabited place, 3000 miles/5000 kilometers away from the nearest city, and 10,000 miles/16,000 kilometers away from its capital city in London. The twist and turns that Pitcairn takes through history and the explanation of why and how Pitcairn still exists today are fascinating, in my biased opinion. Episode 1 is out now, episode 2 comes out tomorrow, and I'd love it if you'd give it a listen. Extremities is available at the following places: Apple Podcasts: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/extremities/id1467292185 Anchor: https://anchor.fm/extremities Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/3yXc8WTwbZcieQhdr3Y6ao Google Podcasts: https://www.google.com/podcasts?feed=aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iZWJhNzBjL3BvZGNhc3QvcnNz Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/anchor-podcasts/extremities Breaker: https://www.breaker.audio/extremities Overcast: https://overcast.fm/itunes1467292185/extremities Pocket Casts: https://pca.st/OW0M Podbean: https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/e7bgg-9466c/Extremities-Podcast RadioPublic: https://radiopublic.com/extremities-8gKAOL I hope you enjoy! -Sam
Alex Daniel (16 days ago)
Iacopo (Iassopo?!? IAKOPO! )
bootfan !! (6 months ago)
4:35 Your INCORRECT GRAPHIC does not match with the spoken words. The graphic shows "<24,500 ft" or LESS THAN 24,500 while the spoken words describe Maastricht air control in control of traffic GREATER THAN 24,500 ft. The correct graphic would be ">24,500 ft". Please correct your graphic.
Khalid Bin Walid (7 months ago)
Your name is not Wendover?? My whole life...
Effah Osei (7 months ago)
Wendover Productions wee
Wild Card (4 days ago)
Boring video
totenkopf (5 days ago)
Did you see that bitch's ring?
chip block (9 days ago)
I worked for Continental Airlines for over 20 years and flew into and out of Europe a lot. Now I know why so often our flights were delayed. One thing not touched on in this video is how mist airlines pad their schedules. Like Continental would do in the summer. Sometimes up to 45 minutes difference. Amazing.
LionDoge (12 days ago)
1:53 Is that a minion meme?
สาระ โคจรแสง (12 days ago)
Scott Young (13 days ago)
Based on the number of flight-related videos you have done, it seems like flight is more than a passing interest. Do you have any opinion on D. B. Cooper / Norjak?
mhp0810 (17 days ago)
Dude is 95% guy verhofstadt
Alex Liu (18 days ago)
he has a deep voice and his videos are 15 minutes long, thats how you know he's legit
Pedapudi Vishnuram (21 days ago)
Imagine a video, "This video was made possible by Half as Interesting"
Paula Johnson (24 days ago)
Two of the worst experiences ever: Heathrow and British Airways.
Oliver Kozlowski (25 days ago)
All I’m hearing is that air traffic controllers should be paid a shitload. Supply and demand literally demands it
Etek One (27 days ago)
I prefer to walk or drive my Donkey
Etek One (27 days ago)
It seems really crazy and scary.
Jamie Carter (28 days ago)
REALLY?. so how did 911 happen?
Some body (29 days ago)
So now I know why adults are very boring and uneventful. It keeps peace
Jean Eustache (29 days ago)
Nice video, I spotted a minor error though, the limit between Lux-Low and Lux-High is actually FL335 and not 355 as stated
Billy You (1 month ago)
channels like this on youtube need more recognition. not some shitty vlogs
petterroea (1 month ago)
1:52 Minion meme spotted
Сергей Шилов (1 month ago)
havn't anyone seen the stars in the night sky? wow! just believe they are not such little little smally smally wow. but how greate are those stars and galaxies and whatever they are there? Just imagine while beeing smally smally i here and now.
Paul Imm (1 month ago)
Where did you get your info? It’s like 75% correct. You create terms when there are already agreed upon terminology and in many cases phraseology. One example is your use of “horizontal” instead of “lateral” and your inability to differentiate between ground control and ramp control. Also, “tower control” is actually “local Control” (FAA) or “Aerodrome control”. The telephony used to contact those controllers are the name of the facility followed by the position name such as “Heathrow Tower” or “Heathrow Ground”. Additionally there are many differences between ICAO and FAA procedures and terminology. Did you spend any time in the FAAO 7110.65Y or ICAO Doc 4444?
kempo 95 (1 month ago)
These is probably done to keep the video simpler for people that don't know anything about ATC.
Nexternity Gaming (1 month ago)
I'm here to learn about ATC so I can be a ATC on any flight sim game, turn out I dont understand a single thing
Christopher Rod (1 month ago)
I would imagine a computer manages airplanes in the sky much better than any human.
Justin Rein Borromeo Catabay (1 month ago)
10:45- Thomas cook who??
GG Aviation (1 month ago)
I apologised to ATC https://youtu.be/360Jr4rR_dU
Mark Twain (1 month ago)
Excellent tutorial in a comprehensible way about a most complex infrastructure. Thank you.
Soban Faiz (1 month ago)
What's about when Brexit happens, this won't be the same and alot of more complexity will arise
Mad Mushroom (1 month ago)
12:30 Karlruuuhe :)
Sanjay Bhatia (1 month ago)
Superb. Thanks
Mark Hyder (1 month ago)
RIP Thomas Cook
Kamala Krishnan (1 month ago)
Logan Francel (1 month ago)
Isnt this the half as interesting guy...
Lyrinium (1 month ago)
Wendover more like Bendover lol
Visionery1 (1 month ago)
Route does not rhyme with grout. :)
Albi (1 month ago)
what happens if there is a fire in the ATC building of some sector ? Who handles the planes if they evacuate the building ? What in case of an Earthquake and also all nearby ATC buildings need evacuation ?
kempo 95 (1 month ago)
They probably have protocols for that.
Sydney Kiage (1 month ago)
Can you do a video on how exactly flights are dispatched? Thanks in advance 🤗
I am dogge (1 month ago)
Okie sauce boss
Nicholas Abenroth (1 month ago)
Can we have a game where we control an air traffic sector? That sounds like an amazing concept.
Sven Bridstrup (1 month ago)
It's an OK video. But traffic is much more complex in the USA.
RazorModz (1 month ago)
That area of Eastern England is where I live and you're absolutely correct, pretty much the only planes we see are those that are taking off or landing at Norwich airport (EGSH) and they're generally fairly small aircraft.
Photosounder (1 month ago)
How hard is it to make a computer system that can route planes on its own? Sounds like they're not even trying that.
kempo 95 (1 month ago)
They seem to have one. But when there are multiple options, the airlines can choose what they want.
Ggitko Network-Official (1 month ago)
In aviation there are two main types of clouds: “avoid ‘em boi” and “you can go thru it sucka”
Kiran FlyAir (2 months ago)
I will become a PILOT
Cpr1234 (2 months ago)
In 7 days the top 3 most frequent routes out of heathrow are usually Dublin, Amsterdam and New York JFK. Combined they make up nearly 450 of the over 4,500 flights that will leave in this time
Steven stott (2 months ago)
I wonder what Belgium will be like when it becomes a Islamic state.
John Bishop (2 months ago)
Tfw your organization is an intergovernmental air traffic organization
Mark (2 months ago)
Skip Hole. smh.
Bert Visscher (2 months ago)
Do you know what the domain name checklistmaster.net leads to now? PornHub!
Matthew Slocombe (2 months ago)
lonelyPorterCH (2 months ago)
Of cour'se it were the french, who were striking again... it's always the french^^
lonelyPorterCH (2 months ago)
Don't the planes just use autopilot?^^ Or does the autopilot data come fom the ground?
Keno Fuhrken (2 months ago)
The autopilot can't avoid other airplanes. Plus, instructions are given by the controller to the pilot who then can dial in the appropriate heading, altitude or speed or enter the value into the flight computer, in both cases the action is then executed by the autopilot.
Bo Markus Olofsson (3 months ago)
The worlds first airport with no air control on site, no tower, opens in December 2019, Scandinavia Mountains, which is a step towards going towards a system built on AI. SAAB and LFV (Luftfartsverket) are working on one. Airbus is also working on something similar.
imeuropa (3 months ago)
Eurocontrol is an example of a box that can never have a power outage
Ege Bilgin (3 months ago)
London - Frankfurt uhm? Wonder how Eurocontrol want to control flights after Brexit !?
Gillian Cockroft (3 months ago)
Ait traffic corruption more like.🛫🛬
Randy Mack (3 months ago)
10:37 RIP
Bald Guy Flies Planes (3 months ago)
All the thumbs down are those who didn’t get the domain they wanted. Great video, keep them coming!
You are breathing (3 months ago)
Great. This is another thing I'll think about when I'm flying in an airplane. I hope I won't have anxiety over thinking this.
Dominic Johnson (3 months ago)
This is amazing
John Ramirez (3 months ago)
Thank you for answering the question i have in my mind.
Mathew Kurland (3 months ago)
Lol, flight level 245 in the US means your at 245,000 feet
Someonewhodoesntuploadanymore (3 months ago)
7:50 5 nanometers seems a bit close to me...
GaryNumeroUno (3 months ago)
Short of controllers!!! Have they thought of advertising for new ones? At least they don't have to worry about the Thomas Cook flights anymore!
4HEad (3 months ago)
belgian and dutch people when he says Maastricht: TRIGGERED
Ashok Naik (4 months ago)
Hlo sir .ur explanation is good nd understanding I need some topics onair traffic control for a mini project.
Wai Ki Yuen (4 months ago)
Thank you for making our professor’s life easier. She literally just play this video in lecture. What the fuck.
joseph lemons (4 months ago)
Kim Lau (4 months ago)
Did you just go to Brussel and did an interview???
Luke Thompson (4 months ago)
*this is a Thomas Cook flight* cries
fobpower88 (4 months ago)
RIP Thomas Cook 10:37
Samuele (4 months ago)
Prissinotti orgoglio italiano porcoddio!
JOHN RICHARDSON (4 months ago)
At times the planes are spaced in such a way that their airstreams eventually widen and merge with the one next to it resulting in a thin but total cloud cover. One can imagine that the area trees hate those days.
Alina Vinnytsia (4 months ago)
*EU control comfortable Holidays: I'm gonna end this man's whole career
Brian Beard (4 months ago)
So where is the US ATC video? Its different over here.
Ehab Mheibes (4 months ago)
somebody answer the phone! :p
Firat Peker (4 months ago)
Poor Thomas Cook flight
Chuk Wow (4 months ago)
Sorry, this robovoice didn’t make it for me😕
Benjamin Lahr (4 months ago)
Maybe they shouldn't have delayed the Thomas Cook flight...
PASSUR Aerospace (4 months ago)
Great educational video!
Simon Cuong Bridgwater Larsen (4 months ago)
Rip Thomas Cook
Lex (4 months ago)
taking the FEAST tests at Eurocontrol in about a month wish me luck
McKayla Medina (4 months ago)
There goes our ozone layer
sjakebaas (4 months ago)
What happens , if your system has a failure ,with planes in the air?
Mark Moire (5 months ago)
At 1:54 is that a Facebook mom minion meme above the persons desk?
Major Kong (5 months ago)
Ahh, the French strike again!
47ambrose42jpm (5 months ago)
How does one become an ATC person?
Tom Donnelly (5 months ago)
This would have been a lot more interesting if it had been about US airspace rather than European airspace.
unknown unknown (5 months ago)
Today schedule 1615 to 2115
Gillian Cockroft (5 months ago)
Nose to tail aircraft noise morning noon and night over Calderdale, has someone blown their top ? 😂🔥
Ibirdball (5 months ago)
2:42 Funny you show that area with EGSH, that's my local airport! However sometimes flights to the Middle East out of Manchester or from America do come over that area.
Andrew (5 months ago)
Wonder if I could get a Visa to go work at eurocontrol
John Daltrocanto (5 months ago)
You really butchered that Italian name
DaRobo (5 months ago)
I regret checking if checklistmas{ter.net was actually taken.
Neurofied Yamato (5 months ago)
Wow cool, you actually went to eurocontrol.
badlandskid (5 months ago)
Twenty flights daily equals more than one an hour? Must be on metric time in Europe.
Meriem E (2 months ago)
badlandskid if they are the US airlines then most likely no flights from 10pm-ish to 5am-ish.
andrewnduati (5 months ago)
This is probably my favorite video ever, like Wendover Productions, Half as Interesting, Youtube, Netflix, Hulu, any*fucking*thing ever.
Shadowwolf TD5000 (5 months ago)
2:38 There's also an RAF base there
Incorrigible Panda (5 months ago)
Step 1: raise ATC wages. Seriously, how much could it cost to pay that small group of highly talented individuals enough to not strike.
Geometrical Gamer (5 months ago)
It really depends on where the ATCs are working. In my area they get paid 100,000+
NadChel1 (5 months ago)
The seventh reference is just a search result
Scooty789 (6 months ago)
seems like a nice job worth pursuing