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Why Cities Exist

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Build your website with Squarespace for 10% off at http://Squarespace.com/HAI Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Check out my podcast with Brian from Real Engineering: http://apple.co/2ydYZOd (iTunes link) http://bit.ly/2gyeFle (YouTube link) Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Get a Wendover Productions t-shirt for $20: https://store.dftba.com/products/wendover Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: WendoverProductions@gmail.com Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington (https://www.youtube.com/heliosphere) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (http://joecieplinski.com/) “Divider” by Chris Zabriskie “Babylon Disco Ultralounge” by Kevin MacLeod“Cooperation Road” by Unicorn Heads, “Night Music” by Kevin Macleod, “Namaste” by Audionautix Big thanks to Patreon supporters: M, Pete, Ken Lee, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, Etienne Deschamps, Donald, Chris Allen, Abil Abdulla, Anson Leng, John & Becki Johnston, Connor J Smith, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gabot, William Chappell, Eyal Matsliah, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini
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Text Comments (3207)
ProudAviatior (14 hours ago)
vehicle sim music
K Franceschini (2 days ago)
Where did you get the land costs for NYC?
Paul J. Morton (3 days ago)
10:11 Where is that? I kinda like that.
TorinkLP (3 days ago)
"...was Paris and it too remains second today" *Shows evidence that Berlin is larger*
Snurg Burgler (3 days ago)
Error at 5:21
Chiao lin (4 days ago)
Lol they embedded the ad in perfectly in the end.
664 TheNeighborOfTheBeast (4 days ago)
Isn’t the largest city in Europe Istanbul? And isn’t Moscow also bigger than London?
Zack Eakes (8 days ago)
#never out of the suburbs
Antonio Brooks (10 days ago)
I thought Berlin and Rome surpasses Paris is population... maybe just the metro areas did
Pan Kam (10 days ago)
This boy is genius..!!! ...I had to write a comment because i saw more than 10 of his videos. Genius..!!! Thanks for being in youtube ..you make this site much more valuable.!!
ajr993 (11 days ago)
This channel should have been called bendover productions
Mark (13 days ago)
Berlin is more populated than Paris today
Mark (9 days ago)
+Quelqu'un Well the same source (wikipedia) has Berlin higher in ranking than Paris in the list of most populous cities in Europe. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_European_cities_by_population_within_city_limits
Quelqu'un (9 days ago)
Mark No : Paris : 10,950,000 (actually even bigger than London) Berlin : 4,105,000 (7th place only) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_urban_areas_in_the_European_Union We aren’t talking about invisible administrative limits (Paris’ are quite small, indeed), we are talking about the actual city in its entirety.
Bryan Lim (15 days ago)
Clearly the most attention Singapore ever got in a Youtube video. I can hear all the comments now. "Where is Singapore?"
Bryan Lim (12 days ago)
+Self-cucking Whiteman, FAKE NOOSE What the hell is wrong with you? It's in Asia.
Self-cucking Whiteman, FAKE NOOSE (13 days ago)
Probably in Africa
Keybraker (19 days ago)
1:25 The half of 50% is 25% if I am not mistaken. _50% = 50/100 = (50/100)/2 = 50/200 = 25/100 = 1/4 = 0,25 = 25%_
Jannis Kemner (21 days ago)
Berlin is bigger than paris lol
De Boi (23 days ago)
Zipf's Law.
Oliver Dofri (24 days ago)
Can someone tell me where the clip at 3:28 is from? Damn that's hauntingly beautiful
Srta.TacoMal (24 days ago)
11:20: If your paper takes more than 30 minutes to be delivered, it's free. If your pencil lasts longer than 4 hours, see a doctor.
张佳琪 (25 days ago)
Chinese population in cities doesn‘t follow this rule
The Disaster Master (26 days ago)
Sydney and Melbourne in Australia are less than 300,000 people apart in population, 5.1 million and 4.8 million... Paris is 8 million, Marseille 1.7 million... London 8 million, birmingham 1.7 million... theory blown out of the water!
Sabrina Ottaway (28 days ago)
You put Frankfurt as Colong
vinzent1992 (1 month ago)
"Which led to languages.." ?? I'm pretty sure languages have existed as long as the human race.
Sean Whewell (1 month ago)
Hi just wanted to say fantastic video , I really enjoyed. So you mentioned the naturally occurring ratio of population figures- that they cyphen down by half each time. I was just wondering if there's an official name for this ratio? Many thanks , Sean
Jonny Watts (1 month ago)
5:59 is in San Diego at the interchange of I-5 and I-8. I have no idea how I recognized that.
Jake J (1 month ago)
The logarithmic distribution of cities' populations doesn't account for the surrounding municipalities, whose borders are pretty much arbitrarily drawn. New York has an Urban area of 20.3 million, Los Angeles 12.1M, Chicago 9.1M. Paris' urban area has a population of 10.6 million, London has 9.8M. The largest city in Europe is Moscow at 16.8 million.
NoiseTheory (1 month ago)
4:55 Zipf's Law!
Echo (1 month ago)
Please do a video on why real cities (eg. Paris, London, etc) are please please.
Steve (1 month ago)
Proud country boy here. Don't forget, we feed you city slickers. Well, I don't, but my neighbors do...I do their taxes... Schedule F farming income/expenses, what a bitch that form is!
justa test (1 month ago)
I own a small but long strip of land between a road in Negros Occidental, Philippines
Sentient2x (1 month ago)
Cities are the perfect solution for today’s age but will be the first to go when anything at all happens
Daniel Cannata (1 month ago)
I dont like living in a city.
Kittzy (1 month ago)
11:26 reminds me of Cities Skylines bus stops
BOOK TASTING (1 month ago)
5:21 Mistake! For Frankfurt, you typed up Cologne. :) Happy to help
Michal Nemcok (1 month ago)
Berlin is bigger than Paris though...
ScaryDragon (1 month ago)
A fourth lmao
Kevin Clemens (1 month ago)
#luxembourg wtf we dont have a city and we dont have any buildings higher then 120m xD real city begins with 200m buildings no skyline no city^^ :O :P
Kendoro Deljo (1 month ago)
"AT&T competes in Düsseldorf." Lol wat
Spcki de Spock Spock (1 month ago)
7:16 What was that for a Deutsche
Matias Sebastian (1 month ago)
38 dolar per sq foot in Manhattan? I did not get it.
iLopez (1 month ago)
Madrid has near 3 million habs, that´s more tan Paris
MetaPat (1 month ago)
You said Paris was the 2nd largest city in Europe with 2.2m people but then cited Berlin as having 3.5m?
United Kingdom Mapping (1 month ago)
Google and Nokia aren't in Dusseldorf.
Allen Wang (1 month ago)
Wendover: "Paris, with 2.2 million people, is still the second most populated city in Europe." Wendover, later: "Berlin, with 2.5 million people, is the largest city in Germany."
Tsohg Repins 47 (1 month ago)
Can your next video be on Why men have penises and girls have vaginas? LMAO
Mai Hujpynis (2 months ago)
"similar to how animals live" we're animals. get off our high *horse*
Dr Scrubbington (2 months ago)
Wait, you just said Paris is the second-largest city in Europe with 2.2m residents, but then shortly afterwards you showed Berlin with 3.5m? Also, Moscow is larger than London by 3 million people, which is technically still in Europe, but Russia's basically it's own continent so I guess that one can slide.
U Haul (2 months ago)
Citays existed for county seats and transportation hubs. Aside from that, gentrification has skyrocketed rent to $3,500+/month in any technopolis.
Jamaly - Divider and Conqueror (2 months ago)
for the first time I noticed many errors. =/
Salalalla Salalalala (2 months ago)
Moscow is the largest city in Europe is moscow
Charles Cuttaz (2 months ago)
So Berlin is ranked 2 in Europe 😅
Jamie Harte (2 months ago)
We were farming waaaay before 3000bc. Look at gobekli tepe built at 13,000 years ago and could not have been built without an organised work force/use of agriculture etc
Razzy1312 (2 months ago)
Cities suck. Don't get me wrong - They are very interesting, exciting, and you can explore one almost indefinitely. They are fun to visit, but if I lived in one I'd go crazy. Crowds everywhere. Trash everywhere. Traffic and noise everywhere. And mostly crowds everywhere. The sheer amount of interaction with people required in city life would drive me crazy. I just can't deal with it. It really depends on the city I guess. Some cities can feel like suburbs and some feel like a hell of human congestion.
turist da (2 months ago)
3:50 damn, if you can’t get the top cities by population right, then every other statement said in this video is even more questionable.
czaryone (2 months ago)
Cities are efficient and cost effective but the city life is sickness. Bigger block with higher amount of squeezed people the higher crime rate there is. People living in a villages are calm and friendly, trusty and more open. In cities we pass thousandths of people each day and most can't see further then tip of their nose. People are fighting each other think they are better one from another. It's crazy fast pace rat race. It's easy to get lost and forget true human nature. Go to the mountains, to the fountains where green grass and trees grow - see how you feel there.
ItsaDigitalHamster!! (2 months ago)
Well, no, you can’t just put everyone in cities because someone still needs to work in farming to produce the food that people are gonna eat
Adam Thornton (2 months ago)
Yeah, we definitely had languages before we had cities.
beachbum111111 (2 months ago)
This video is all fancy but gets so many facts wrong it's baffling.
J Vilander (2 months ago)
Why does existence exist???
Enigma Seeker (2 months ago)
I made a video about the Garden of Eden, which might be a real place that kick started civilization. Check it out on my channel.
Zatra Vodean (2 months ago)
11:00 Smith's theory on comparative advantage.
Enigma Seeker (2 months ago)
I made a video about the Garden of Eden, which might be a real place that kick started civilization. Check it out on my channel.
Matthew Reid (2 months ago)
There are some huge inaccuracies in this video that concern me greatly as it implies other areas could have errors. The largest city in the world today (excluding metropolitan areas) is definitely not London. Many cities in China have far larger populations and historically the largest cities often alternated between Tokyo, Mexico City, and New York City. There were also errors in the narrator’s designation of certain places that other commenters have noticed.
gtas321 (2 months ago)
This title made me lol
Peter Smythe (2 months ago)
WRT Qatar, who exactly is their population? The citizens? Or the majority, who are not citizens but migrant workers used as a source of slave labor?
gspice (2 months ago)
but then why are cities in the NE corridor so big and close together? huh?
Francis Raposo (2 months ago)
10:20, The guy almost tipped it the wrong way
Davi Soares Alves (2 months ago)
One of the best videos I've seen
GuruOnNet (2 months ago)
I wonder why the origin, history and evolution of cities was not even touched upon
William Barzgar (2 months ago)
Moscow is bigger than london by 2 million people
DremeHak (2 months ago)
vsauce zipf
StaRMaestroS (2 months ago)
Paris 2.2 million ? London 8.78 ? Pretty sure that's false
Aishik Panja (2 months ago)
Moscow is the largest city in Europe
Aries The Ram (2 months ago)
Here's the comment section summarized : - "The populations are incorrect" - "You wrote Cologne twice" - Airplane jokes - "Wendover Productions is a fucking retard" There, I just saved you 45 minutes of scrolling, PAY ME
Jonnie Trash (2 months ago)
Berlin (Germany) hast 3.6 as of 2017. More than Paris, amiright?
Crasher360 (2 months ago)
i just wouldn't really want to live in a big city its to crowded and the air is crap and its just plane ugly except at night, like i would want to look out of my window and not see just concrete this is just my opinion
Tedothon (2 months ago)
The largest city is Moscow today!
legion999 (2 months ago)
Mr. Travel (2 months ago)
Cities exist so people can live
OutlawedPixels (3 months ago)
London isn't Europe's largest city, it's Moscow, unless you are counting Istanbul, then that is even bigger.
JewStein (3 months ago)
Id rather live in a town than a city anyway though
ProPork3455 (3 months ago)
Wunder.Hund (3 months ago)
It should really be noted that those three richest countries in the beginning are also notorious tax havens. Makes you wonder whether their wealth is cause or effect of urbanisation.
Philip Leitch (3 months ago)
Facts about historic farming are wrong. City size nitpicks. Many countries have cities that are 90% one city, others have many large cities at equivalent sizes.
Jacob Williams (3 months ago)
5:00 It's the language word use graph all over again! (Context: every language, even ones that we can decipher, follows that rule. "The" is the most used English word, and then it is "Be". "Be" is used 1/2 as many times as "The". This goes on forever until the least used word.) EDIT: 5:39 oh he said it...
syahran ulya (3 months ago)
because there's more food and more people who came to buy the food, then you need people to help make the food and keep track of the sale and then you need houses for people to live in and then there's more people and they invent things which makes things better and then more people come and then there's more farming and more people to make more things for more people
Know How (3 months ago)
the largest city in Europe is Istanbul followed by Moscow, London is the 3rd largest and Paris is the 9th
Gent Maloku (3 months ago)
The biggest city in Europe is not London, it's Istanbul with 12 million people :)
Jedd Gayanilo (3 months ago)
Of course, Detroit’s deterioration has nothing to do with being run by Democrats.
Leonardo Ibarra (3 months ago)
São Paulo in Brazil has 12.1 million inhabitants.
reeser (3 months ago)
Dude, you need to learn how to pronounce country names. Liechtenstein, Burundi, etc. Your content is great but your pronunciation is amateur.
Catherine Pinard (3 months ago)
Nope. Now, the biggest city in Europe is neither London nor Paris, it's Moscow (except if you count Istanbul to be in Europe, which it is only partially). And London is not exactly bigger than Paris, though, it really depends on who you ask (and if you ask me, Paris is bigger).
Aidan Penaherrera (3 months ago)
Why does existence exist
SpeedofShadows (3 months ago)
What is the location at 10:14 in the video?
Michael Paliden (3 months ago)
The major force working against you doing things is the proximity of other humans The major force working toward human power is working with other humans prior to large scale internet this ment cities/towns
The Yangem (3 months ago)
3:50 Sorry, fail there. Moscow is the largest city in Europe London: 8 million Moscow: 11 million Keep in mind, that moscow wasnt always first. During the soviet and Tsarist era, Moscow and St. Petersberg were often the best places to live since better jobs and easier access to food. So when Rural life was almost impossible in the harsh Russian winters, people flocked to cities just to live.
Hans Peter (3 months ago)
3:54 how does paris remain second if berin (as shown even in the video itself about maybe a half a minute or so later) has 3.5 Million inhabitants, while Paris has 2.2 Million?
Captain Smiley The Dog (3 months ago)
The beauty of Capitalism and the Economy.
Street dogg (3 months ago)
Interesting.... Liked and Subscribed!
Hayden Cutrone (3 months ago)
The further away in the gta from toronto its samller population far away
Hayden Cutrone (3 months ago)
Iive 45 min from toronto and 15 min from a city so I live in the gta so I tecnicly live in a city
Hayden Cutrone (3 months ago)
Its better to live in a suburb and not even one hour from a city