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Why Cities Exist

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Build your website with Squarespace for 10% off at http://Squarespace.com/HAI Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Check out my podcast with Brian from Real Engineering: http://apple.co/2ydYZOd (iTunes link) http://bit.ly/2gyeFle (YouTube link) Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Get a Wendover Productions t-shirt for $20: https://store.dftba.com/products/wendover Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: WendoverProductions@gmail.com Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington (https://www.youtube.com/heliosphere) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (http://joecieplinski.com/) “Divider” by Chris Zabriskie “Babylon Disco Ultralounge” by Kevin MacLeod“Cooperation Road” by Unicorn Heads, “Night Music” by Kevin Macleod, “Namaste” by Audionautix Big thanks to Patreon supporters: M, Pete, Ken Lee, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, Etienne Deschamps, Donald, Chris Allen, Abil Abdulla, Anson Leng, John & Becki Johnston, Connor J Smith, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gabot, William Chappell, Eyal Matsliah, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini
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Text Comments (3392)
Colin Neary (6 hours ago)
Muhammad Ansari (17 hours ago)
There are underground cities 25-50 ft below you everywhere throughout this country and throughout the world. These cities have malls, stores, homes, apartments, and everything our cities above-ground have..and more. These underground cities are only available to the elite members of the jewish community and the elite members of the masonic community. No one else is allowed access to these cities. It is more than likely that there is an underground city right below the city that YOU live in.
Daredevil (2 days ago)
The reason why cities exist is because people in rural areas are attracted to them by the promise of jobs, requiring homes and business to be built for them. This means even more workers are needed and this will keep going on until the population is close to 12 billion people.
Daniel Henderson (3 days ago)
Fascinating stuff, especially the parts about the ratios.
Jordan Weir (5 days ago)
On the whole was a reaaly nice video but I think the thing about cities being natural due to Zipf's law is a bit of a stretch
Bruno G. Lopes (5 days ago)
How’s 34 half of 57?
Alain Gion (5 days ago)
The panning is weird
Waweru Kamau (6 days ago)
Your graphs on Africa are so wrong, i dont know where to begin!!
Jack Jaeger (6 days ago)
Vsauce has a great video on why a ton of things are ranked in distribution by 1 over their place in a distribution graph- It's called Zipf's Law. It's actually quite fascinating!
Quinten (7 days ago)
The distribution of 1/2 in the second, 1/3 in the third etc. is called zipf's law. if you are interested in this law you can watch this video: https://youtu.be/fCn8zs912OE
Asbin Raj Ojha (11 days ago)
I saw Nepalese farmer. 😍❤️❤️
the traveller27037 (12 days ago)
At 5:21 you put cologne twice instead of frankfurt
PositroniX (14 days ago)
5:22 you wrote "cologne" and said "Frankfurt"
C. S. Shahbazi (14 days ago)
There is an incorrect statement in the video. The second largest city (in population) in Europe is not Paris. For example, Madrid has more than three millions inhabitants. The precise statement, according to Wikipedia, is the following: "The city [Madrid] has almost 3.2 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU), smaller than only London and Berlin, and its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris."
Franco Jose Muertes (14 days ago)
the population distribution in cities is wrong, i googled about 20 countries and the numbers seem a little random to call this "human nature".
Josh_da_boss_ hello (14 days ago)
There are 13 million people in Moscow. Moscow’s in Europe.
Marzipan Wars (14 days ago)
5:22 cologne was put but it should have been Frankfort
DasWonton (15 days ago)
5:21 You better change that to Frank's Fart
Joshua Wulfsohn (15 days ago)
5:00 what about Australia ??
Brendan Kaduboski (15 days ago)
China is forcing them to go to cities
Online Gamer (16 days ago)
38$ per square feet is so cheap.
Lennon Moore (16 days ago)
istanbul is in europe, it's population is around 15 mil.
Feuz Stefan Gino (17 days ago)
Great video. Just one question : what is your guess how Switzerland fits in with this logic? It's a very rich country with only very small cities (the biggest has just around 700k population).
Chris Hrich (17 days ago)
Where does he get all of this footage man??
The10thHuman (18 days ago)
Also, Berlin is larger than Paris
The10thHuman (18 days ago)
Wait wait wait, the largest city in Europe is Moscow (Istanbul is not entirely in Europe, while Moscow is)
Gary Oak (18 days ago)
That stupid 1/2 1/3 1/4 idea is so wendover it hurts. You had to cherry pick your favorite population report for each city to make it work.
Mario Simoni (19 days ago)
It's even more "efficient" to live in a beehive. So let's all live in a beehive. What a stupid and simplistic video.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Wendover is doing fiction now? LOL
Christian Puritz (19 days ago)
I guess you kind of messed up the largest cities in Europe I guess. In 2018 London is 3rd after Istanbul and Moscow and Paris is somewhere behind (even Berlin is bigger :D) If u took the metropolitan area the top 3 stay the same. Just saying
Vaporizers101 (22 days ago)
Pointless video. Fuck squarespace
c k (23 days ago)
Where is 11:51 it's beautiful
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
So it 10:11
Cody Bennett (24 days ago)
Really enjoy this guys videos and I get we all make mistakes and don't catch everything but the more mistakes I see the less I can take these vids seriously. Wendover. Don't slip, stay sharp and accurate. Don't get complacent.
Brendan (27 days ago)
The Pareto distribution is so fascinating
Arif Ekrem Yılmaz (27 days ago)
3:48 Istanbul has 15 million people and its in Europe so isnt it the largest city in Europe.
Jorgeyy Boyy (28 days ago)
lol the way he said nokia
ItsPhin (28 days ago)
Im pretty sure Berlin and Rome have higher populations than Paris
Alexander Heubel (28 days ago)
The distribution statistics fall into accordance to zipf mystery
James Constantin (29 days ago)
5:21, did no one spot how they repeated cologne for Frankfurt?
PandeMist (29 days ago)
Except cities define where the cities end depending on how they feel about it. They can include some nearby towns and not others at will. Say, they really want this small settlement some 50 km from the currently established metro area and everything between because of development plans or because they want to build new airport there. Or, for example, in Russia there's a lot of cities with population just about 1 million because such cities get extra funding from the government and whenever their population is about to go below this number they just redraw the map and poof, this town is now part of the city beause we say so.
Florin Stroia (29 days ago)
City's are beautiful, that's why I escaped from NY :)))
TheCommentator AB (29 days ago)
London is Europes biggest city today? No Moscow is Europes biggest city today, get your facts straight.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Wendover is prejudice against Russia for them helping Trump. LMAO
Mr. Asian (29 days ago)
Isn’t that what suburbs are for?
Lindsay Tang (1 month ago)
Zipf's law
Jasper Kerinnis (1 month ago)
berlin is the second largest city in europe thank you
Rusty Shackelford (1 month ago)
*lists all the downsides to cities like disease and pollution and crime* Thinking to myself... Yeah, but I can get a bacon cheeseburger much easier thanks to cities. Also relevant, ad for this was 7/11. They know where to find hungry viewers.
James He (1 month ago)
seriously now u zipf-ing
James He (1 month ago)
singapore is a city
James He (1 month ago)
Miraball (1 month ago)
your population data are wrong..because they represent the municipality of the city but not the city itself as an urban community. For example the municipality of Paris has a population of 2.2 mil but paris as an urban community has a population of more than 10 million. or even London, New York, L.A and Chicago. Those numbers do not represent the millions of people who live in the suburbs but work and contribute to the GDP of the city
Blair Sadewitz (1 month ago)
Cities exist because of the specialization of labor, free trade, and human/property rights.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
If you pay property tax then you have no rights.
T Smith (1 month ago)
Cologne x2 anyone?
Liam Tahaney (1 month ago)
Dude philly is >>>>>> boston for medicine
Vineet Kansotia (1 month ago)
Damn I was thinking about it so badly the other day that I wanted to solve it myself but you did it and so brilliantly that you saved me a lotta time. Thanks.
9avedon (1 month ago)
Errrr.............No , China has created cities without people, and they are not creating wealth. Centralized authority always leads to extinction.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
It's a bubble...
Richard Pauli (1 month ago)
Whoa... what happens when we lose cities? Detroit. When does Miami go away? What hurricane will fully wipe out New Orleans? Phoenix and Las Vegas race to become desiccated ghost towns. When the big quake hits Seattle and the floods and drought do in St Louis, what happens to our wealth when climate destabilization continues to amplify. Simple answer, denial and magical thinking - repeal the laws of Thermodynamics - and charge into the Church of Apocalyptic Cornucopianism! If we travel at full speed, then there is no way to know where we are going. [sarcasm off]
Gee Transit (1 month ago)
You can see this concept with... ware Amazon puts their... warehouses in the UK.
DaAceGamer (1 month ago)
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
BlackHatMDA (1 month ago)
Largest city in Europe is Moscow
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Russia is on punishment by Wendover for helping Trump. LOL
Georgie Athalla (1 month ago)
Cities: (exists) Wendover: "but why?!!"
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Because I need socks.
Lok Ghimirey (1 month ago)
Max (1 month ago)
3:53 Dude Paris has way more inhabitants, even Berlin has like 3,5mio and Paris is bigger than Berlin.
William Whittle (1 month ago)
Hmm Moscow's the largest and if you meant in the European union well sure London's first but then its Berlin not Paris.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Alternative Wendover facts.
Sw gaming Lol (1 month ago)
Where do you live city or country
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Austin, TX
Joseph Weiner (1 month ago)
5:25 Cologne is not Frankfurt
Philipp Heller (1 month ago)
3:50 how's paris the 2nd largest City in Europe? Berlin, Madrid and rome are larger
Burak Poro (1 month ago)
3:50 Istanbul has nearly 2 times more population than London
Eddie Fengya (1 month ago)
fuck cities and people who live in them.
Bob Jones (1 month ago)
The US government is NOT an industry you IDIOT!
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Alternative Wendover facts
ivesen Nightfall (1 month ago)
that's great, but when are we getting megatowers like the ones in judge dredd
Goran Pujic (1 month ago)
"Urbanization of America" 😂 the US didn't start in the 60s. Study some urban design history books.
SSchithFoo (1 month ago)
Yet all these motivational guru bullshitters are telling us not to buy stuff. If people stop buying and stick only to essentials, it will have a domino effect that will destroy almost all industries and jobs.
Richard S. (1 month ago)
No, the largest city in Europe is Moscow (both in municipal population and in urban area). Edit: And Paris isn't the second largest city at all. Berlin, Madrid, and Rome are larger. And there was a time when Rome was by far the largest. And 1000 years ago, Paris was by far the largest. Madrid didn't even exist during Roman times, although being in Roman territory. And Berlin became an important city less than 500 years ago. So your argument there is completely flawed, cities change population and rank all the time.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Richard S. Lighten up a little. Obviously I see (and most other people see) that Wendover, at the very least, didn’t do their due diligence in terms of research for this video, and at the very worse case scenario, is intentionally lying. My comment is simply pointing out the obvious but isn’t meant to be taken seriously. Of course Wendover should be called out for putting out a video filled with inaccuracies.
Richard S. (4 days ago)
+B-Columbian Truther It's not that funny, it's sad someone like that is allowed to just preach and masses believe him. I wasn't sure about subscription before, this definitely kills it for me.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Please let Wendover have fun with their alternative facts. LOL
John Mangiameli (1 month ago)
I bet Fibonacci has something to say about this. ;-)
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1 month ago)
5:21 _"And then the 5th is Frankfurt at roughly 700k inhabitants"_ *Wendover shows Colgne as Frankfurt* Me, as a German, screams internally
Minecraftm0b (1 month ago)
Thats not true everyone knows that America is the richest 18.7? trillion US dollars. highest GDP in the world. Long live America
e1 gaming (1 month ago)
5:23, it is supposed to be frankfurt but its cologne 2.0
Shreyaan Seth (1 month ago)
5:00 lmaoo this does NOT work where I'm from. Mumbai-18.4 million Delhi- 16.3 Kolkata-14 Chhenai-8.7
Misaka Mikoto (1 month ago)
If you are against living in a city you are uneducated
mark agutter (1 month ago)
how correct is this?
Thomas tom (1 month ago)
zipf paradox! thanks vsauce
Tüljak Promånote (1 month ago)
Istanbul* is the largest city in Europe, followed by Moscow
Cole Williams (1 month ago)
2:58 what is this place?
Angel DeJesus (1 month ago)
Can you do a video on the last places on Earth where new major cities could develop. I'm thinking of underpopulated but fertile areas of Australia and South America.
Fedor Djogani (1 month ago)
Population 4 mili how I see the same bitches
Redd Dott (2 months ago)
Technically the richest country in the world is the congo ...it has untapped resources worth over 30 trillion usd
TwentyFivePilots Aviation (2 months ago)
vehicle sim music
K Franceschini (2 months ago)
Where did you get the land costs for NYC?
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Alternative facts.
Paul J. Morton (2 months ago)
10:11 Where is that? I kinda like that.
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
Cronulla, Australia looking Northwest...
TorinkLP (2 months ago)
"...was Paris and it too remains second today" *Shows evidence that Berlin is larger*
Snurg Burgler (2 months ago)
Error at 5:21
Chiao lin (2 months ago)
Lol they embedded the ad in perfectly in the end.
664 TheNeighborOfTheBeast (2 months ago)
Isn’t the largest city in Europe Istanbul? And isn’t Moscow also bigger than London?
Zack Eakes (2 months ago)
#never out of the suburbs
Antonio Brooks (2 months ago)
I thought Berlin and Rome surpasses Paris is population... maybe just the metro areas did
Pan Kam (2 months ago)
This boy is genius..!!! ...I had to write a comment because i saw more than 10 of his videos. Genius..!!! Thanks for being in youtube ..you make this site much more valuable.!!
ajr993 (2 months ago)
This channel should have been called bendover productions
Mark (2 months ago)
Berlin is more populated than Paris today
Mark (2 months ago)
+Quelqu'un Well the same source (wikipedia) has Berlin higher in ranking than Paris in the list of most populous cities in Europe. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_European_cities_by_population_within_city_limits
Quelqu'un (2 months ago)
Mark No : Paris : 10,950,000 (actually even bigger than London) Berlin : 4,105,000 (7th place only) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_urban_areas_in_the_European_Union We aren’t talking about invisible administrative limits (Paris’ are quite small, indeed), we are talking about the actual city in its entirety.
Bryan Lim (2 months ago)
Clearly the most attention Singapore ever got in a Youtube video. I can hear all the comments now. "Where is Singapore?"
Bryan Lim (2 months ago)
+Self-cucking Whiteman, FAKE NOOSE What the hell is wrong with you? It's in Asia.
Self-cucking Whiteman, FAKE NOOSE (2 months ago)
Probably in Africa
Keybraker (2 months ago)
1:25 The half of 50% is 25% if I am not mistaken. _50% = 50/100 = (50/100)/2 = 50/200 = 25/100 = 1/4 = 0,25 = 25%_
Jannis Kemner (2 months ago)
Berlin is bigger than paris lol
B-Columbian Truther (4 days ago)
The Islandic Seal Center is located in Hvammstangi.
De Boi (2 months ago)
Zipf's Law.