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Why the World is Running Out of Pilots

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Learn with Brilliant for 20% off by being one of the first 200 to sign up at http://www.Brilliant.org/Wendover Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt: https://standard.tv/collections/wendover-productions/products/wendover-productions-shirt Check out my personal channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDA1X6RrhzZQOHOGvC3KsWg Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: sam@wendover.productions Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec Watson, Andrew J Thom, Braam Snyman, Bryan Yip, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harry Hendel, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki, Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, KyQuan, Phong, manoj kasyap govindaraju, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Robin Pulkkinen, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, Tim Robinson Cathay Pacific landing, Delta CRJ700, Delta a330 videos courtesy PDX Aviation a320 cockpit shot courtesy Fly&Like w/Simulation and Aviation a321 cockpit landing shot courtesy Cockpit View Xiamin Airlines footage courtesy Schiphol Airport Emirates a380 footage courtesy TK Spotting Music by http://epidemicsound.com Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
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Text Comments (13670)
Wendover Productions (10 months ago)
Hey all, a few people have had some questions about the break-down of costs for a ATP License at the beginning of this video so I thought I’d try to clear things up and show a few sources for the different components. College Cost: I misplaced the original source that lines up exactly with $133k but this statistic is about the same accounting for yearly growth. https://www.statista.com/statistics/238112/university-attendance-costs-in-the-united-states/ Private Pilots License: I said $8,000 in the video based off a source’s estimate. Looking at a random selection of flight schools’ estimates it could be even a little higher. Many have also pointed out that the vast majority of individuals can only apply with 40 hours flight time (a small minority of US pilots are trained under Title 14 of federal code part 141 which allow them to apply with 35 hours.) While I was choosing to use the lowest numbers for training as to not sensationalize the cost numbers (it’s sensational enough as it is) I probably should have done the math for 40 hours (maybe even more as many need more hours to gain the skills needed) to get a more average estimate. $9,950: https://www.illinoisaviation.com/flight-training/private-pilot-141/ $8,123: http://www.stcharlesflyingservice.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/CostEstimateToAdvance.pdf $7944: http://www.flyhafc.com $9500: https://www.executiveflighttraining.com/Private_Pilot_License.html Instrument Rating: The way I presented this bit was definitely confusing. The $900 I mentioned was accounting for the ground training and then I wrapped the hours needed for an instrument rating into the additional hours needed for a commercial pilots license (215/210.) Commercial Pilots License: From the comments I’ve read nobody really disagrees with the estimate I put for the overall CPL cost but here’s the source I used anyways. $80,000: https://www.l3airlineacademy.com/us-career-programs/pilot-training-cost
Jeffrey Ramsden (7 days ago)
@r3poman671 MUCH more accurate, well done. And of course everyone has different rates of learning, whether in the airplane or the books. In my case, the instrument, commercial, and multi add-on was about $50K all together. It also depends upon where you are in the country.
D B (1 month ago)
Such a stupid ending. You absolutely DO NOT need math and physics schooling to be a pilot. Nice sales pitch, lol
hyperman717 (1 month ago)
Donny Yario how did you get out so cheap?
hyperman717 (1 month ago)
Glad to see you corrected yourself.
M A Dwivayahya RogeeHeinz (1 month ago)
There are over 700+ unemployed airliner pilots in my country, and they rely on going oversees to work in foreign airliners
Macro Cheeks (4 hours ago)
For some companies you aren’t paid on air time so it’s smart to have shorter flights so u don’t get jet lagged
Macro Cheeks (4 hours ago)
Majority of pilots came from the Air Force FYI
Dumb Comment (5 hours ago)
Is the entire industry being arrogant? ignorant? as a guy who's looking to get into the industry this seems extremely repelling The entry cost alone is enough to make me think twice
A Student Pilot Life (6 hours ago)
Haha, the number in this video is when you did everything right and minimum of training and exam. In reality, it is very hard to complete in that short amount of time. I am currently in school for the full course to be a Airline pilot with a Aeronautical University and it would cost me about $200,000! This is half a cost of some other well know school! This wouldn't include foods, living expenses, commuting..etc and when all is done in a flight University, we go get train at a ATP facility. And then work for a airline which can be about 35k-50k a years.
Craig Danes (11 hours ago)
British Airways is fast-tracking new pilots into the cabins of A320's with senior pilots so they can get their flight hours. This has been going on for several years.
Pil Roberts (12 hours ago)
Pay a ‘living wage’, pffft. Communist bullshit destroys everything it touches. Correct answer is not pandering to leftwing cliches, it’ allowing the free market solve this problem.
Courtland Reyes (13 hours ago)
Google says the average pay is over 100,000 yearly
SpaceManJoe (13 hours ago)
With airline salaries are very complex and I’m not sure this video gives great insight. This is accurate maybe after 2008 and the financial crisis but modern day budget airline pilots see starting salaries of around 65k a year. But another amazing video nonetheless
Peter C (21 hours ago)
This is par for the course in the cyclical airline industry. In the 80's I worked in Avionics and training at American Flyers KFXE now in KPMP last I saw while pursuing a career as a pilot, what changed my mind was the industry was actually laying off pilots and airlines were shutting down like Pan Am, Eastern, National Airlines to name a few, now I think it is mostly greed with the airlines not offering meals on flights, baggage fees, deceptive pricing, it went from a pleasure to a nightmare over the past 20 years and now they want to target women pilots for lower pay WTF happened to equal pay with profits reaching record highs. If you want to be a pilot join the military. Pilot-less flights after what happened with Boeing 737 Max 2 plane crashes and killing 350 with pilots how many would it be without pilots? Companies are looking too much into automation of cars, planes, ships, etc. the Navy is replacing ship board touch screen tech for mechanical after multiple collisions at sea with merchant ships. There is always a latency problem with digital just compare a TV channel change between digital and analog.
Antler Wales (22 hours ago)
Insatiable greed of Multicorps strikes again.
eri (1 day ago)
So basically pilots are underpaid
StackableGold (1 day ago)
What about lowering the cost of a private pilot license to start, I'm sure there's ways of doing this. Probably not any good ways though. Regardless of cost I still want to get my PPL and maybe even a career with an airline.
ClarksonsinUSA (1 day ago)
Truck drivers/ airline pilots there is a pattern!
Dawson Toulouse (1 day ago)
smh just go fly for the navy if your in the US, never a shortage of new fighters lol.
Person Person (1 day ago)
Welp, I don't wanna be a pilot anymore
Mitchell Baker (2 days ago)
High barriers to entry are brought about by unions.
Pravesh Ramkhelawan (2 days ago)
My dream is to become a pilot but im starting to have doubts.😭😢😢
Andrew Payne (2 days ago)
That’s one fat ass pilot
Brazul Blint (2 days ago)
I'd fly for 35k a year if it didn't cost my whole life time to pay off the student debt.
Regan Wagteveld (2 days ago)
Wait wait. Did this guy just say (paraphrasing) "Hire more women pilots so they don't have to increase pay"...What are you trying to say by that?
[CyCo] Toxicity (2 days ago)
Hmm, where is the landing gear? 7:58
Chuck You (1 day ago)
[CyCo] Toxicity , haven’t you heard of hovercraft? Haha, no really they’re under the wing you can’t see them because the stairs are in the way.
DankM3m3Boi- 69 (2 days ago)
Some airlines do the learning process for free as long as you fly for them a set amount of years, these company’s are smart because they now that the pilots are them most important aspect of an airline and while last the longest
Mark Brown (2 days ago)
Load of dribble..gotta crawl before you walk...IF you really want to make aviation as a career you WILL forego MONEY..after all your true love is the big blue...Maths/Physics...helps...but my friend was a English teacher...senior check captain for a airline never crashed in the jet age..Again fly for love not money as this guy is only about money.
GLR (2 days ago)
ENJOY THE CAPITALISM YOU LOVELY PILOTS... unbelievable payment... sad reality.
AK Media (2 days ago)
Guess I can rule that out then
YeshuaAgapao (2 days ago)
Instead of single-pilot you can put an under-qualified individual in the first officers seat. Commercial pilot license but not yet ATP. And those who have to work for the regional airlines to get their hours -- 1500 hours total flight time, 1000 of the hours hours fixed wining turboprop or turbofan, 50 of the hours multi-engine, 250 of the hours PIC time (captain's chair, which could be in simulator).
Rashaad Hannon (2 days ago)
my hopes and dreams are dome for this just crushed me...
Guilherme Ferreira (2 days ago)
8:03 is that plane floating...
Jeremy Honeycutt (3 days ago)
LOL. I like how you said one possible solution to this obvious problem was to attempt to attract women to this job lol. You don't understand women very well. There's a really good reason theres such a low number of female pilots. If men arent willing to put up with the bullshit required to do it, women damn sure wont. Because they cant.
CLINT-THE-GREAT (3 days ago)
there is no such place as "willard, IL". There is Willard airport in Champaign, IL (CMI) that is pretty much where you indicated, but not a Willard, IL.
CLINT-THE-GREAT (3 days ago)
8:06 perfect opportunity to show long shot of chick from the backside
Dat One Is Ray (3 days ago)
dont let this shit discourage you some of this is bullshit my dad is a pilot for lufthansa and he told me it only cost him 130k-90k euros to go to the europe aviation training center after two years hes working for lufthansa dont listen to some guys on the internet go ask real pilots.
Alex Renouf (3 days ago)
Lol imagine being Australian and paying a total of AU$170,000 for all the training requirements then starting your first year on at least $100,000 with Qantas, which is way better than your American airlines that just kick people off your planes
Dwaipayan Datta Roy (4 days ago)
, I will take a million a year, no matter how many hrs of only flight time, cause no other opperational time waste cause I don't bide to passport check ins,
Jon Masters (4 days ago)
I've always found it shocking how little pilots are paid. We owe them better than this. If the airlines won't listen, action at a Federal level to force fair wages will eventually be needed (not that Congress ever does anything useful)
Dabbinstein (4 days ago)
The 737-800 is a beauty
Cassandra K (4 days ago)
To any women reading this: I’m at an airline now and I’m LOVING it. Don’t be afraid to start training (ps: I’ve never even taken a physics class and I made it!)
Dalton Zimmer (4 days ago)
Wont cost as much if your in CAP 😏
pata fpv (4 days ago)
Planes are heavy and outdated,.,. It's 2019 now so please hurry and build commercial drones!! I want to travel but I'll never set foot in one of those death machine chunks of metal.. you actually need speed to take off 😅😅😅.. That's some primitive shit right there 😅
mindciller (4 days ago)
It's because they can drive a uber or lyft for no money if they already have a car
Heet Patel (4 days ago)
And the American Airlines complain about gulf airlines when their own pilots get low salary with less comfort.
Aatu Ahdelmaa (4 days ago)
I got a flight school ad on the video
Andrew Pena (4 days ago)
Part of the problem is over regulation by the government. It shouldn't cost 20,000 to have an engine re-built. I talked to a A&P tech. He said the huge cost is in liability protection. Turbine engines cost 200,000 to rebuild every roughly two years. The cost of maintaining aircraft and compliance with federal regulations is ridiculously high which translates to high training costs., because you have to pay for the use of the aircraft. That's also why the pay and amount of airlines has steadily declined since the fifties. Larger airlines (corporations) can afford the high cost of compliance with ever increasing federal regulations. As the smaller companies fold or get bought competition is reduced both for travelers and pilots. Capitalism also works for employees. The more employers competing for employees (pilots and flight crew) the better wages and conditions are. Also unions kill competition. With unions come standardized wages and working conditions. No employer can offer more to compete and sometimes only the larger companies can afford the union demands.
WTUGGS (4 days ago)
Very glad I’m going for an airline mechanic, I was diagnosed with a heart condition at 19. If I were going for pilot I’d be out on medical already
Dynamoduck 1234 (4 days ago)
I’m glad college is free in the uk.
Neil Murphy (5 days ago)
You could also become a fighter pilot
Noah (5 days ago)
I don’t know if I’m dumb but at 7:56 it looks like the plane only has one wheel! I’m prolly tripping tho
ArkhamNetwork Ben Collins (4 days ago)
That actually is the nose wheel. If you look at the right wing you can see its full, however you cant see the wheel. The left side however is completely cut off due to the camera angle. The wheel that we see isnt actually a wing wheel, rather the central nose wheel. If you look right between the guy entering the plane and the plane itself you can kinda see the right side plane wheel.
Bobs Jobs (5 days ago)
8:02 tf where are the back wheels
CLINT-THE-GREAT (3 days ago)
under the wings
Four Nines (5 days ago)
0:35 Confirmed, Wendover Productions has yellow eyes and weighs "three hundred"
Dan Dddy (5 days ago)
from the info ive gathered from all kind of sources at this point, it seems as the US is the worst land for pilots sorry bois but eu be better
bluebird2220 (5 days ago)
why is it legal for them to only pay during flight hours?
The Snookman (5 days ago)
Airborne bus drivers, i.e., Airbus drivers.:)
Josh Upmeyer (5 days ago)
35 hours for a ppl is not practical it takes on average 60-70 hours
Bryan Haley (5 days ago)
Supply and demand bitch. Pilot demand is higher than supply? Pay higher wages.
Aviationboeing747400 (5 days ago)
actually that’s not true pilots get paid 500k a year about 10 times more then an average person plus there are tons of people getting educated for being a pilot
Wormell Glover (5 days ago)
Joshua V (6 days ago)
And here my dad is telling to be a pilot. I should show him this video
Ethan D (6 days ago)
Slap me with your dick while I fly that plane for 500k a year
yaimavol (6 days ago)
Passenger planes may not fully automate but FedEx and UPS have got to be looking seriously at this. If they are allowed to fly by wire 100% it could take a lot of pressure off the pilot shortage.
Abudy Lol (6 days ago)
I’m pretty sure that when the world is in MAJOR need of pilots, they will start teaching aviation as a subject in school like math and science
Rik Ham (6 days ago)
8:00 where are the back wheels at?
Dan Dddy (5 days ago)
ikr the dash 8 is ugly on the ground, atr better
LiL JunkBear (6 days ago)
Yo I want to be those type of people who build a plane
Johnathan Roan (6 days ago)
Wow so the only reason pilots don’t get paid less is because they have to force the airlines to pay a crappy wage? Dude a pilot shouldn’t be making anywhere near the same as a taxi driver even if they are just starting off. The skill it takes to get to that job is obviously worth more than that. Tbh if your pay in 5 years can’t add up to how much it cost you to get that job then you’re getting ripped off and either the school or the employer needs to be beaten until either a valid and ethical reason is presented or until your value isn’t that if someone with nothing more than regular skills that cost then $20. That’s just BS
Nate (7 days ago)
So the dude you put up as the ID is 9 feet tall and 300 lbs?
Nate (5 days ago)
Look at the ID
Dan Dddy (5 days ago)
gl in the 737 lmao
Jeffrey Ramsden (7 days ago)
Instrument rating for $900?!? LOLOLOLOL You're off by a factor of 10 at the very least, my friend.
Hannah Neill (3 days ago)
And in 15 hours? Yeahhhh no
Peter Seabrook (7 days ago)
The plane is the fucking floating at 7 55.
STeVe PNW (7 days ago)
Walker Minerva TWD (7 days ago)
Lmao sure,7 continents,all 7 of em have cities villages and towns,they all have airports and planes,what are those? A joke?
Bob1934 (7 days ago)
It always bugs me when I hear Hire more woman that will fix everything. The fact is not that many woman want to fly. Not that many men either for that matter. look at the population figure for either group, then the number of people who start flight school, then the number that actually complete flight school. Now move on to how many go for an ATP rating. Woman who want to have a family would have to delay this into their late 30's. Reason cost of learning to fly and the time needed this has to be done in your 20's. because airlines do not hire brand new pilots in their 40's. Not to mention after incurring the huge debt loan a person in the 40's will be in their 50's before it is paid off. Like wise if an airline starts its own flight school, which is a great idea they will want to get the most bang for their buck and look for 20 somethings to fill the school.
Artibus Smith (8 days ago)
Back in the 70s I learned to fly and got all the ratings except for an ATP rating.  I stopped because there were no jobs at the time.  It's interesting to see how things have changed.  The market for pilots will continue changing, so the future of aviation will be interesting as people continue to increase using aviation as a means for traveling.
yaimavol (6 days ago)
No one could have foreseen FedEx and UPS and how many pilots they were going to need.
Even Steven (8 days ago)
I stopped listening at "you earn about the same as a fast food worker".... Dude, a fast food worker makes around $15,000 a year. That's full time
Cerionic (8 days ago)
I thought the military also had a severe pilot shortage?
Pencil (9 days ago)
TAIWAN,Macau and HONG KONG are part of CHINA
yaimavol (6 days ago)
And all those new islands they built, and pretty soon Vietnam will be also.
Revy Gill (9 days ago)
Join the Air Force Free training
Toxiic (9 days ago)
cough cough the air force
nightmarethunderfist (9 days ago)
xingsy (9 days ago)
If you don't understand why you need a degree, you aren't who they want anyway. Working as intended ;)
Oliver Hancock (10 days ago)
30,000 a year sounds great to get to fly if you didn't have that college debt. :/
No Body (10 days ago)
Where are you getting flying lessons at 140$ ph
ChesterWolf The Griffin (10 days ago)
So pretty much you're going to be nearly 1 million dollars in debt within 10 years getting a loan for nearly 300 to 400 k it's going to be impossible to pay that. Now let's add 36 to 40% interest at 86000 % APR let's add $2,000 penalty for late fee per month that is not paid you have a 4 year cut off to pay that back where the interest rate will automatically reset to 55% so basically you'll be living out of your car if it doesn't get repossessed and flying an airplane that's if a company is willing to hire you. Oh and don't forget you still have your regular bills to pay. I'm not trying to discourage anyone I just want you to understand how the real world works not that bullshit that your taught all your life.
Alec Rehagen (10 days ago)
Join the military, they will pay for everything from schooling to training
Brandon Ward (10 days ago)
Cant afford flight school.
Jack Christl (11 days ago)
How about they just not require a college degree and focus more on pilot training. I don't see the purpose in getting a degree
xingsy (9 days ago)
Hey buddy, so we understand you're too dumb or lack the work ethic to pass post secondary school but here's a $80 million dollar aircraft and 200 people's lives in your hands! Have fun!
Andrew Kelly (11 days ago)
I’m still going to work as hard as I can to achieve my goals!
Řj Śwëřvø (11 days ago)
student pilot here the only actual math I've needed to do are the weight and balances for the aircraft and the only physics I've done so far are newtons 3rd law: "for every action, there is an equal opposite reaction" and Bernoulli's principle. All these are for is for new pilots to learn how lift works but i still have alot to learn and 1468 hours in the air to go so wish me luck ッ
TNT Explodes LOL (9 days ago)
Best of luck!
Matt Ball (11 days ago)
I guess the hardest part is "getting up off the groundddddd"
Forever Linkin Park (11 days ago)
Why the world is running out of pilots? It's because of terrorists. Thank you.
Matt Ball (11 days ago)
Is it worth it starting from ground zero at age 25 (MSc student in Medical research but I don't wanna do it) ?
Ava Gonzalez (11 days ago)
how the fuck does a 4 year degree cost $133k? especially with in state tuition, that's just not true
Thomas Rood (12 days ago)
Civil air patrol
Oddly Me (12 days ago)
This is kinda stupid. Most airlines pay pretty good money off the bat. A lot around 60k with benefits
yaimavol (6 days ago)
Exactly right. You can make 60K driving a truck now with no college degree. Nobody could work for 30K
Matthew Morycinski (12 days ago)
This is just one industry, but the problem is everywhere. It's the standard mindset that says we must optimize economy by reducing salaries at the bottom and funneling the savings to the top, and the goal is to keep prices low. Costs obviously drop, and profit goes up. There is only a minor problem: losing potential customers who can no longer afford even the rock bottom prices. So those low ticket prices only help the first class flyers. For the average Joe, flying is as unaffordable as ever. The low prices and low wages keep balancing each other. The only winners in this game are those who profit from the scheme, i.e. the top management.
Matt Ball (11 days ago)
Good point Matthew.. I am stuck for a career path and I feel like SO many 'used' to be dynamite routes to take but they're just riddled with problems with professionals not even a decade in of being a scientist, teacher, cop, physician, pharmacist just shaking their head why they went in... I was hoping that aviation would be sort of immune to problems given it's a niche field
Bill Gaither TF2 (12 days ago)
Pilot here, you costs and numbers for training are still way off. Most people don’t get their license until 60 hours. That’s just for starters.
Matthew Goodman (12 days ago)
What about military training?
Andrew Cummins (12 days ago)
I can remember on the early 2000s when we had way too many pilots. Maybe is cyclical, just thinkin...
Ham Solo (13 days ago)
We won't run out of pilots if a three year old Wendell Over, whose 300 lbs, and potentially 9 feet tall can get a license!! :P
Redevil26SD YT (13 days ago)
Nobody talking about 8:02??? I’m so confused
MrMowky (13 days ago)
9:12 "attract more women pilots" *shows attractive woman pilot
Dan Dddy (5 days ago)
idk what that plug was supposed to be lmao, what is one expected to do to attract female pilots ? i dont get it
M 1967 (13 days ago)
Hmmm if your entire business relies on pilots then make sure you make it almost impossible for people to become one...sounds like a great business model.
yaimavol (6 days ago)
They're doing the same thing with doctors. Talk to an older doc and they will tell young people steer clear of that profession.