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Ancient Egypt 101 | National Geographic

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The Ancient Egyptian civilization, famous for its pyramids, pharaohs, mummies, and tombs, flourished for thousands of years. But what was its lasting impact? Learn how Ancient Egypt contributed to society with its many cultural developments, particularly in language and mathematics. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Ancient Egypt 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/hO1tzmi1V5g National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (1385)
fatma outlook (1 day ago)
Can we build a pyramid today?
Jeffery Beard (1 day ago)
Josip Jagodin (2 days ago)
This video is just strait up lies,there was nothing ever found at the Great pyramids that woud sugest that it was a toomb,it was an ancient machine, and that names King and Queens chambers are just ridicules.
magoG evoluchannel Davide Cristallo (4 days ago)
Disinformation. No one body was found in the pyramids. Do not show fakes stuff
joe latteri (5 days ago)
Why is Egypt so primitive and dirty today ? The influence of Islam?
micheal asamoah (5 days ago)
Allow the Original black Egyptians to say their own history. Then you will be surprised what lies have been told about this Northeast African State.
Horny Bastard (5 days ago)
The Tombs Arent In The Pyramids.
Usy A (5 days ago)
The true Egyptians were black let’s not go back n forth my gs
loyal gaming (5 days ago)
Do a doc. On illyrians,thracians,and dacians
Nabil (6 days ago)
Heirartic looks like arabic
Nick dominic (7 days ago)
why are the noses knocked off of those statues?
Esoteric (7 days ago)
At 3:48 Reading right to Left and down in columns from the right hand side the Hieroglyphic reads.... (Top Row) His Son, his beloved, Khonsu the Justified. (This one reads left to right and down in columns) His Son, his beloved, Ra-Hotep the Justified. Giving Praise to Ra-Horakhty, kissing the ground for Osiris, foremost of the West, he gives Praise to Ptah, the Lord of Truth, for the Ka of the Servant in the Place of Truth, Sennedjem the Justified. His Wife, the Lady of the House, Iyneferti the Justified. (Middle Row) By the Servant in the Place of Truth, Sennedjem the Justified. His Wife, the Lady of the House, Iyneferti the Justified. (Bottom Row) Same as the Middle Row repeated twice. The title Servant in the Place of Truth is what the Workers who lived in Set Maat (the Place of Truth, what we now call Deir el Medina) were known as, they worked on the Tombs of the Pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings for around 500 years. The term Justified (literally True of Voice) is very often written after names and means the Person is judged to be Moral and Just and will pass through to the afterlife to sail with Ra upon his Barque of Ages.
O (7 days ago)
I wonder if national geographic thinks the pyramids were tombs
Josip Jagodin (2 days ago)
They are just strait up liying
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Pass snorlax
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Nobody cares
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
You dare ask me?!
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Solaor power
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Defend thay self
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
Be a pharoh!
Mr.Wellington Von Duke III (8 days ago)
When in rome
micheal asamoah (8 days ago)
When anyone wants to talk about Egypt, they should call it by it's true name "Kemmit".meaning (Black People). The Greeks, Persians and romans later invaded this North East African country at intervals. But it was the Greeks who renamed it Egypt, and put it onside the Bible they wrote. All the stories in the Christian Bible was derived from the Ancient Kemmit history. (Chemistry) was derived from Kemmit 3,500 years ago. The black gods were first to make solar energy, mathematics, science, astronomy, engineering. The heroics of the black nation was suppressed by the so called European invaders. Claiming all the achievements of the black civilization to be their own, simply by renaming it. Asia was part of this African civilization, Indian, Bangladesh, Srilanka, Malaysia, China, Japan, Australia etc visit them all, and you will find the statues of the black progenitors, who are called gods today. Krishna, Buddha, Shiva, Jewish Jesus, even the very first Muslim were blacks, before that Arabs invaded Africa. Being a Muslim is a culture and not a religion. Islam is a religion. The whole world Still see Africa as a down below society, not knowing that the jealous Europeans could not believe it or take it that the black ancestors did all these magnificent findings. The first University ever to be build in the whole world, was in Timbuktu, an ancient city in today's Ghana. Construction by black scholars, before there was any civilization in Europe. The Greeks , Indians, romans, came to Africa to study. Herodotus, sokratis, Pythagoras, etc where all students in Africa. It was back then just like today's America is. The Greek students came to Africa to learn Engineering, agriculture, science, for 8years, and later went back to Greece, talking teaching to others all that they have been taught in Kemmit by the Black Priests or Teachers. But they made it their own invention, what a " Cultural Appropriation". Stole everything and never gave credit to the owners. This is why the Greek's Alexander the warrior, after hearing of Kemmit's civilization, came and invaded Africa, conquered the people with his army, and named one of the glorious cities after his name, and up till today it is still being called after him, (Alexandria). He was among the Greek councils who renamed it to Egypt. Also the great Statue of Ramasey and others were renamed and called The Sphinx, among others. They propagated The enslavement of the children of that generation, killed their parents so that they never pass any known knowledge across to their descendants. The Europeans migrated in larger number in this region, and mixed up with the indigenous black people. Now as they have done all over the world where that had gone to conquer in the name of Ceaser Borgia which was called "JESUS" for the first time. They established crusades of war, just like the KKK. They started it all. Well, the damage has been done already. Now it is for the black gods to wake up from their slumber. Hotep
مهووس NET (6 days ago)
+micheal asamoah I'm Middle Eastern and Egypt is a part of the history of the Middle East. Sumerian, Egyptian, Phoenician, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Persian, Israel and Arab all are Middle Eastern culture, I do not allow anyone try to steal them.
micheal asamoah (6 days ago)
+مهووس NET Kemet was not named after the land, it was named after the original inhabitants of the land, which is the Black Africans, in fact, they were all in shades of black, brown, red. That is kemmet. The original people, because your comment never point towards any facts at all. Tell me your points and let's dialogue and deliberate over it. It is my culture, and if you aren't black. You are either the descendant of an invader or a total outsider. All the so called newly named Middle East, was apart of Africa, before the Caucasians came to invade and renamed it. Now tell me who is stealing whose culture here?
Viper TV - Documentaries (9 days ago)
Love it
Nunya Buznizz (9 days ago)
It has already been proven that the pyramids WERE NOT TOMBS. Not a single mummy has been found in any Pyramid.
نسرين بنت ارض الكنانة (10 days ago)
My country❤️🇪🇬
Viktor Wolf (10 days ago)
What about the room with water under the pyramid and the anothers shafts inside the pyramid?
The holy pootis church (12 days ago)
1:27 תורה
Lé Memesiéur (12 days ago)
Hebrew slaves?
huey.p. newton (15 days ago)
Ancient Egyptians were black.
Dickson Giong (16 days ago)
jmaedl027 jmaedl (16 days ago)
False Teachings..Pyramids were Definitely Not Built by Egyptians
Brian Ford (13 days ago)
You have facts to prove it
Minh Trang Trần (16 days ago)
Dios Divine (17 days ago)
Proud to be black.
Desh Dasgupta (19 days ago)
SATURN (18 days ago)
cant handle facts
utubedano (19 days ago)
I remember also learning about the Indus Valley civilisation along with the Egyptian and Mesopotamian ones when I was a kid. Hasn't Nat Geo made a video on the Indus Valley as well? Can't find it..... 🤔
eLem3nT (22 days ago)
And aliens
Joe Demeighn (23 days ago)
The Pyramids are NOT TOMBS!
Josip Jagodin (2 days ago)
Joe Demeighn (20 days ago)
+Feather Weather there are literally no sarcophagi in the pyramids.
Feather Weather (20 days ago)
Joe Demeighn wym
Beyonder (25 days ago)
Ancient nations such as Egypt & Mesopotamia are not what they are refered to as today. This was ancient greek invension. Kemet is what the ancient native egyptians used to call there nation. Uruk is what the Mesopotamias called there nations.
الديك المصري (25 days ago)
Proud To be Egyption
Gregory Bailey (26 days ago)
Hebrew never were in Egypt.just lies
shmokey shmokey (25 days ago)
Editha Klaudia (27 days ago)
Good video
Sun Kiss (28 days ago)
They left the teaching for the world to learn and you Crackers stold it for your wicked gains.We destroyed ours selfs from lack of discipline and destroyed the gateway to 9th gate.
permadi fauza (28 days ago)
😷 head surgeon transplantasion 👺
Mar Kar (28 days ago)
Then religion ruined our sense of discovery. As an Egyptian this makes me just sad to see what’s happening now compared to what we did back then.
Jan Václav Nermuť (29 days ago)
Many thanks for this video. From Czech republic. And may thanks for your last speciol edition Ancient Civilizations. But how many parts of this is done to Imhotep- Nazghůl. I mean pyramides. And for that fake hyeroglifs- i do not trust in this- Napoleon found it- and it is recomandition- do not believe. One of the biggest evil person of human history (I trust him- last year- one of my biggist mistake in live.) But it is time. I have an question- have you something about that new sfinga. (If it will be real sfinga and not just machine- it will be big problem.)
Kj_mast_er (29 days ago)
just a normal black pharaoh passing by
Davon Stevens (1 month ago)
The great pyramid wasn’t a tomb. The real facts say so
Kasey (1 month ago)
Ancient Egyptians’ ancestors were the Targaryans!
Kasey (26 days ago)
@Faisal Marzouq Me too. Hope you are enjoying the new season :)
Faisal Marzouq (27 days ago)
I love game of thrones
Christopher Whitener (1 month ago)
You know what
Arrayro (1 month ago)
I am an egyptian and wow really old me is smart
Yara Alaa (1 month ago)
Proud of being Egyptian 😌
mohamed elzanaty (17 days ago)
then why re u calling us egyptians invaders what right and proof u have u re not even egyptian lol
Dwaine Leso (17 days ago)
+mohamed elzanaty Can't you tell by my name, South-African.
mohamed elzanaty (17 days ago)
+Dwaine Leso what nationality re u first so i can tell you
Dwaine Leso (18 days ago)
+mohamed elzanaty Who stole your country? Who do you think I am?
Paul Rodgers (1 month ago)
a (civilization end) when it is conquered for the first Time;
adam jackson (1 month ago)
black people
Champa Putih (1 month ago)
You were our teacher for this modern world
Listen up bitxhes (1 month ago)
When black people claim ancient Egyptians to be black they are using logic because... You know the whole part of egypt mostly being IN AFRICA, and most artworks depicting dark-skinned people with braids. When other races claim other wise theyre using.................. I just love how the ONLY time that dark skinned africans arent considered black is when they are a part of something universally believed to be important. Thats all.
Listen up bitxhes (1 month ago)
No matter which race was dominate in ancient egypt, all egyptians are african, seeing as tho egypt is in afica. So multi racial africans. Can we all be happy now? 😊
Nidhogg Yggdrasil (1 month ago)
I'm a bit surprised that the solar calendar was invented by Egyptians. 💪 Incredibly intelligent.👍👍🧠🧠
Matthew Skaggs (16 days ago)
It wasn't.
M Moe (1 month ago)
Wow hieratic looks lot like Arabic! Proud of my language for its resemblance to such an authentic ancient language
taher abuzaid (1 month ago)
i am Egyptian and I am proud of my ancestors. i wish that we stayed as cool
Play Dog (1 month ago)
+taher abuzaid sorry.
taher abuzaid (1 month ago)
Play Dog how is that 🤔
Play Dog (1 month ago)
Those are not your ancestors.
SHAHROKH JOUDI (1 month ago)
Symbol of god.god was AMONN.
Anna Elizabeth (1 month ago)
Omg the ridiculous ignorance of this video and the misinformation is beyond
Danielle Otey (1 month ago)
I have to correct you on one point. It has never been proven that the pyramids were built as tombs, the current and possibly correct theory is they were either astronomy observatories or power houses. It is the only belief that has zero proof, that they are tombs. That needs to be stricken and re-written for historical purposes.
renge9909 (1 month ago)
That's what the reptilians want you to believe, Danielle Otey. Or should I say, OBAMA
Firdaus Alpha (1 month ago)
Bayek of Siwa.
Asha Uthay (1 month ago)
2:25 jesus rose from the dead.
blunt and fly (1 month ago)
Is it cool to build another Egypt
Play Dog (1 month ago)
Yes, but first bulldoze the old one flat. Then we built a nicer brand new one.
Gengonglike Arbukle (1 month ago)
cristiano messi (1 month ago)
Real Egyptian culture destroyed by saudi muslims. F**kin mohmmd
renge9909 (1 month ago)
WTF are you talking about? It was a province of Rome by the time Islam came around, and Christianity had become dominant.
Adwait Bagul (13 days ago)
l love Egyptian culture. Respect from India.
Bishoy Azer (15 days ago)
And we Egyptians too appreciate Indian people and their great civilization
Jorge Perez (1 month ago)
Ancient civilizations like Egypt are incredible. From their religious beliefs to their architectural ideas, ancient societies are fascinating.
ronch550 (1 month ago)
Civilizations last only because no one has challenged them to a fist fight sooner.
William Fog von Qualen (1 month ago)
Pyramids👏🏻 arent👏🏻 Tombs👏🏻
Josip Jagodin (2 days ago)
Robert Griffith (1 month ago)
Robert Griffith (1 month ago)
has Oliver said something
Robert Griffith (1 month ago)
Robert Griffith (1 month ago)
good yeaah
eternal fire (1 month ago)
real talk, did they enslave the jews?
eternal fire (1 month ago)
+Mount Rison no troll. Last question do you think aliens built the pyramids? Srs
eternal fire (1 month ago)
+Mount Rison did you see all my clarity and all your insecurity in my clear response? Are u jewish lol? The Juda s say they enslaved so they probably did mate
eternal fire (1 month ago)
+Mount Rison yep, they enslaved the jews
LF Prod. (1 month ago)
Yer mom tho
Kabab dad Kabab Mom (1 month ago)
*Cries in modren Egypt*
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
what do you mean?
Makayla Bundy (1 month ago)
What did you learn about Ancient Egypt? What mysteries were presented to you in the video? List THREE questions that you have about Ancient Egypt.
Ix-yus (2 months ago)
Greece and egypt are one country tho. They were strongest and greatest in the history i'm sorry egypt occupied by muslims now , they ruined hundred of pyramids , and maybe " not sure " they runied alexandria library. but everythings has end ^^.
DaRkWoOdS Gamplay (2 months ago)
Why do people take time to watch this I’m only watching this bc I’m forced to lol
Ann Cha (2 months ago)
I cant blame other people saying that aliens or creatures from another planet gave this information to them. That knowledge was so great that you cant imagine where it came from.
Vary Olla (2 months ago)
We don't need to imagine as we have historical and archeological evidence to tell us.  In archeology one looks for "progression of technology".  Accordingly if one can see over a span of time the development of some technology - versus it's sudden appearance - one can plausibly conclude the civilization in question developed said technology via trial and error over a period of time = which is exactly what we see in Egypt.  We see them progress from single small mastabas to larger mastabas to finally stacked mastabas.  After a time we see them further experiment with smoothing the sides to finally end up with the now classic Egyptian pyramid shape.  So no imagination required = simply following the evidence.  Have a nice day.
So Miyagawa (2 months ago)
Wonderful video! But here is some errata. At 4:10, "this system was developed around 3150 BC during the Old Kingdom" No, the Old Kingdom starts around 2600 BCE. 3150 BCE is in the Early Dynastic period. Also, the border between Upper and Lower Egypts must be more north... (0:42)
Monkey man (2 months ago)
Anubis and Ramses high fived after his heart weighed less than the feather!
Steven Ex Nihilo (2 months ago)
Will Siwa ever know peace?
Emilio (2 months ago)
There is pure evidence of The Great Pyramids of Giza and the other 180 pyramids, to be an Electrical Conductor. Possibly with other pyramids, acting as an electrical grid to provide power all over Egypt. Egypt was a great, highly advanced civilization. Law of thermodynamics teaches us, Everything decays over time. We ourselves are decaying, our minds as well, and even our thinking. Interesting fact is that they Never Found a single skeleton in any of The Pyramids in Egypt.
Ryan McDonnell (2 months ago)
I looked up plesiosaurs why is this a result
DaRkWoOdS Gamplay (2 months ago)
Ryan McDonnell lol
Madeline Dixon (2 months ago)
Great video for a brief history lesson. But another documentary I watched claimed that no bodies were ever found in pyramids such as the ones at Giza (except for ones constructed in a very different way, such as the one pictured next to Giza in this video), so are we really 100% sure the pyramids were tombs? Can someone with knowledge on this subject help me out here?
Juan De La Garza (2 months ago)
Watching this trying not to remember my Egypt phase
Iron Man (2 months ago)
Beautiful very inspirational
SamiDC (2 months ago)
Question! If Pharaoh wasn't the formal title of the Ancient Egyptian leaders, then what was their formal title?
for the fun (2 months ago)
Well the leader was called "pharon" by their ppl but of course they had a name
Guchu Jeff (2 months ago)
it's strange but we still use the cubit in Africa unknowingly especially when we are measuring wire cable or string. fold it round your arm into a full circle and we get a meter.
Guchu Jeff (1 month ago)
+Pichkalu Pappita the whole point of saying not everyone uses it was just a way to clarify that the rest of the world usually doesn't use it as much as here it it's even used else where.
Pichkalu Pappita (1 month ago)
+Guchu Jeff you just said you use it still in Africa, and if everyone is using it then it can't be a standard because everyone has different reach... I think people might use it as an estimate but not definite
Guchu Jeff (1 month ago)
+Pichkalu Pappita not everyone uses the arm length to measure things
Pichkalu Pappita (1 month ago)
So everyone has equal arm length
Jayxa (2 months ago)
How does egypt became a muslim country?
Jayxa (1 month ago)
+Mount Rison thank you for these information dear 😊
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
@jayxa, all european empires were polytheist until the spread of christianity. The greeks worshiped Zeus until Jesus and the Gospels came. Rome worshipped a similar sky god, "Jupiter". But that change occured long before the romans gave egypt to the arabs. The timeline I dont know.
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
+Jayxa I assume so, but assumptions are not as good as facts so I cant say. What if they were? How would it matter?
Jayxa (1 month ago)
But romans were Christians, right? I mean if I'm not mistaken
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
the romans gave it to them.
Robson Homs (2 months ago)
Why they called as a Qibty not Seir ...
Life Flight 101 (2 months ago)
You're still saying The Great Pyramid of Giza is a tomb....wtf. This is a lie and a disgrace to Nat Geo.
Masy30 Araby (2 months ago)
Yes actually that is the only thing I take on the video
Anonymus RZ (2 months ago)
bogdan 2004 (2 months ago)
Foarte bun , recomand Ne-a pus doamna de engleza sa ne uitam la asta
Reavolt (2 months ago)
misto (:
Oscuros (2 months ago)
"Hebrew Bible", because Torah is tough to spell.
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
Like saying ancient egypt when the people who lived there at that time didn't call it ancient egypt. The real name was Khemet.
Tree-hugger Sans-cœur (2 months ago)
Cubit is the ancestor of the voxel
Kitty Kayla Cat :3 (2 months ago)
nice vid watching it with meh bro
USA 321 (2 months ago)
I banged Anubis.
Play Dog (1 month ago)
No, you did not. No, never. Not at all.
Mount Rison (1 month ago)