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The New Economy of the Warming Arctic

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Learn what you want to learn for free for two months by being one of the first 500 to sign up at http://skl.sh/wendover4 Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt: https://standard.tv/collections/wendover-productions/products/wendover-productions-shirt Check out my personal channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDA1X6RrhzZQOHOGvC3KsWg Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Instagram: http://Instagram.com/sam.from.wendover Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: sam@wendover.productions Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington and Jorrit van Ginnkel (http://createjor.nl) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec M Watson, Andrew J Thom, Arkadiy Kulev, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harrison Wiener, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, Kyle, KyQuan Phong, Manoj Kasyap Govindaraju, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, and Tim Robinson Music by http://epidemicsound.com Select footage courtesy the AP Archive Select footage courtesy Bigstock: http://bit.ly/bigstock-videofreetrial Pond Inlet Footage Courtesy Fondation Tara Expéditions Crystal Serenity Footage Courtesy Crystal Cruises References: [1] http://ocean.dmi.dk/arctic/meant80n.uk.php [2] https://www.noaa.gov/media-release/arctic-saw-2nd-warmest-year-smallest-winter-sea-ice-coverage-on-record-in-2017 [3] https://mgm.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=ISTANBUL; https://www.infoclimat.fr/climatologie/normales-records/1981-2010/paris-montsouris/valeurs/07156.html [4] https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/cv.action?pid=3610022201 [5] https://web.archive.org/web/20110524063547/http://www40.statcan.gc.ca/l01/cst01/phys01-eng.htm [6] https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-1.pdf; https://apps.bea.gov/iTable/iTable.cfm?0=1200&isuri=1&reqid=70&step=10&1=1&2=200&3=sic&4=1&5=xx&6=-1&7=-1&8=-1&9=70&10=levels#reqid=70&step=10&isuri=1&7003=200&7035=-1&7004=naics&7005=1&7006=xx&7036=-1&7001=1200&7002=1&7090=70&7007=-1&7093=levels [7] https://web.archive.org/web/20131224114901/http://www.yrittajat.fi/File/4da60391-ce62-401d-9d10-3fb9c5eaae20/Lapin%20suhdannekatsaus_150813.pdf; https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=FI [8] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=GL&view=chart [9] https://www.lapland.fi/business/laplands-tourism-growth/ [10] https://www.lapland.fi/business/infographic-lapland-passenger-traffic-monthly/ [11] https://www.alaskatia.org/marketing/AVSP%20VII/3.%20AVSP%207%20Visitor%20Volume.pdf; http://www.tc.gov.yk.ca/pdf/2017_Year_End_Report_FINAL.pdf; https://www.nunavuttourism.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2015_nunavut_visitor_exit_report_english_-_final_0.pdf; https://www.gov.nt.ca/en/newsroom/20172018-tourism-numbers-breaks-records-again; https://en.visitsvalbard.com/dbimgs/Gjestestatistikk%20per%20mai%202018.pdf [12] http://www.tourismstat.gl [13] https://www.gov.nu.ca/master-itinerary/master-nunavut-cruise-ship-itinerary-2018 [14] https://gov.nu.ca/sites/default/files/master_nunavut_cruise_ship_itinerary_2015_-_version_june_17.pdf; https://www.gov.nu.ca/sites/default/files/nunavut-cruise-ship_itinerary-1-july-2016-en.pdf; https://www.gov.nu.ca/master-itinerary/master-nunavut-cruise-ship-itinerary-2017 [15] https://www.adventure-life.com/northwest-passage [16] https://nunavutnews.com/nunavut-news/pond-inlet-seeks-ways-to-use-cruise-ship-tourism-proceeds-2/ [17] https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-complicated-relationship-between-cruise-ships-and-the-arctic-inuit [18] http://www.espg.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/5-C-TAC_Pond-Inlet_En.pdf [19] https://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/24/business/worldbusiness/24iht-arctic.4.14767779.html [20] https://www.rystadenergy.com/newsevents/news/press-releases/global-liquids-cost-curve [21] https://www.npr.org/2018/11/21/669373081/climate-change-slows-oil-company-plan-to-drill-in-the-arctic [22] https://www.ssb.no/a/english/publikasjoner/pdf/sa84_en/sa84_en.pdf [23] https://www.ssb.no/a/english/publikasjoner/pdf/sa84_en/sa84_en.pdf [24] https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/tourists_turned_off_by_finlands_unusual_black_lapland_cancel_holiday_jaunts/10521551 [25] https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/arctic-meteorology/arctic-people.html
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Text Comments (1993)
Wendover Productions (8 months ago)
This video is on a topic that strangely results in skepticism so I'd encourage you, if you don't believe anything said, to look at the number on the bottom left of the video when something is said, find the corresponding number in the description, and read the source of the info. Every assertive fact in this video was researched and published by someone with far more qualifications than myself so those references are the ones to read to learn more.
Hellbow (7 months ago)
Conspiracy: world powers are intentionally warming and cooling the planet in order to access untapped oil in the future when reserves run dry. It's sounds so selfish and completely not in the interests of humanity so I can only assume they have atleast considered and tried to work out how to make it feasible and profitable.
_BearHawk (7 months ago)
@Van Ivanov Wow you're a nutcase. https://climate.nasa.gov/vital-signs/global-temperature/ https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/ There is the evidence.
Van Ivanov (7 months ago)
Polar ice caps reached new records, in recent years. Recently, people have been saying that it getting colder is a sign it is getting hotter. To top it off, global temperature measurements from around the world if anything are going down lately, not up. I really do wish it was warming, as all the most prosperous times in history were during warm periods, several degrees hotter than today, back when they had vineyards in Scotland and didn't see snow. Back when Greenland was Green. Unfortunately, "facts" today means computer models and statistical manipulation. Not observation, not history, not reality... but what you can pen to paper or shop in a computer alone, which must not be met with any skepticism lest it reveal how paper-thin it is.
mathphysicsnerd (7 months ago)
Have you considered that people might be expressing skepticism at your chosen presentation of the facts more so than the facts themselves? A fact dressed up in rhetoric is very often responsible for just as much misinformation as a lie-much of language's meaning is contextual, after all.
Spelunker0211 (1 day ago)
I drove people to the cruise ship that left Seward, AK for NYC. We left anchorage Ted Stevens airport and down the road a few hours to Seward. Wonderful group to work with!
Vital Ral (1 month ago)
Montana glacier park: 2002: all glaciers will dissappear by 2020. 2019: posters changed from 2020 to: future generations. So much for global warming.
Noah M (11 days ago)
Funny, they said the Maldives and much of the planets costal cities and islands would be doomed and under water by 1999, and irreversible, predicted in 1989... 20 years later, that hasn't happened yet... Oh, and why did Obama just buy a mansion on Martha's Vineyard if all the islands are going to be under water in a few years? Isn't he worried about CO2? If I was, I'd be moving to the Rocky mountains instead... They also neglect to mention that Antarctica is cooling down and the ice there is growing, because this planet fluctuates in temperature. Also, how do we explain the end of the last ice age thousands of years ago? Was it the industrial revolution of 25000 BC?
FocusPics (1 month ago)
Greenland: Exists Donald Trump: It's free real estate
Candy Neige (1 month ago)
Oil prices has always been increased, not just beacause of inflation, but beacuse of something else.
Radrad YukonLad (1 month ago)
Grew up in dawson city yukon. I can tell you first hand that those northern towns rely heavily on tourism... and just how little regard most tourists have for the people’s culture and ancestral land :/
Butter Johnson (1 month ago)
"Hey, our invasive activities made that ice melt." *moves in to establish more industry*
Franek Halwa (1 month ago)
10:17 though
J Adachi (1 month ago)
but what about the PLANES that fly over the arctic
Jeff Pape (1 month ago)
Ending line was really good Sam!
HostilePancakes, the One and Only (1 month ago)
10:19 Oops, looks like you put in an extra zero by accident. No big deal, we understood what you meant when you said four million.
imabritishcow (1 month ago)
4,0000,000 is 4 million?
Huzayfah M (1 month ago)
4 million people, in the video the figure 4,0000,000 pops up It should surely be 4,000,000
Casey Waller (2 months ago)
Ya lets make some money thats what u do
Luc Donderwinkel (2 months ago)
You should have said it is difficold to live there
tyheem velotta (2 months ago)
I think it’s interesting but would like to hear more about the economics of Russia the largest arctic country, and agriculture in the region
Gregory Ashton (2 months ago)
Please show me a paper that says polar bears are significantly declining. PLEASE.
Jacob Cameron (1 month ago)
​@Gregory Ashton Sorry about the assumption Gregory, would you mind pointing out the assumption I made about you for me? I don't see it, and I would hate to repeat it in the future. I'm also interested in your aforementioned "research," albeit, a little skeptical about the credibility of your work. What was the area of research (both the geographic confines/limits of your work and the field of inquiry in which the theoretical needs were satisfied)? What was the purpose of the research; "polar bears" as a research topic has, itself, been covered for centuries and at the risk of seeming antiquated, your proposal, methods, objectives must have been incredibly nuanced to warrant a return to such a well-documented topic? Elaborate on the methods in general please, I'm sure they were quite an exploration of forgotten troves at renowned Universities, Museums, and other highly regarded institutions. Through which board of ethics did your research gain approval, and thus credibility? What publications did your research led to? What contribution was made to the general body of knowledge because of your work? Who were some of your colleagues and to what institution or alumni are they a part of? Also, about these courses you mention, what was the purpose/goal of the syllabus (a syllabus is like a guide about what will be taught throughout the course)? For example, are these "courses" referring to conference proceedings, lectures (from adjunct or otherwise), or online? Were they geography, earth sciences, biology? Also through what institution did you access these courses? I have more questions pertaining to the specifics of your research (the results, methods, intrusions, validations, etc.) but I figure I'd start with the general credibility stuff. All of these questions could be answered with a link to your report on the matter/publications/thesis, etc. Looking forward to knowing more about your work on polar bears. Cheers
Gregory Ashton (2 months ago)
Jacob Cameron Ahahaha, wow, that was a broad assumption. I have indeed conducted research and attended courses surrounding polar bear populations, and have found no credible evidence to say that polar bear populations are significantly declining.
Jacob Cameron (2 months ago)
You should learn how to conduct research yourself, its a valuable skill and will result in more fruitful knowledge than leaving Youtube comments on an already incredibly informative and well sourced video. A good place to start might be one of the many sources listed in the description, and build from there. Good luck with your research!
Gregory Ashton (2 months ago)
I live in the Arctic and it’s definitely getting easier due to temperature rises.
Poverty Chef (2 months ago)
Imagine high biodiversity forests or highly productive farms in the north. There are many benefits to inevitable climate change. It is not bad.
Zimmy Dod (1 month ago)
There are also many downsides such as widespread famines, droughts and an increase in the amount of hurricanes.
Einar Gissurarson (2 months ago)
Yeah, the exhaust from those cruise ships are no joke. We had a large ship visiting Iceland last year, that was polluting more than 3 times the amount of the entire automobile industry in the country. The smog it left in the downtown region was sickening.
Michael of Cork (2 months ago)
It's a shame that despite this being a well-made video, it does not address the mindset that caused this poisoning of our living space, but instead condones and encourages it. In this sense, the lack of linkage between personal responsibility and marrying economic ideas to ecological one, you have demonstrated what the problem is through your own ignoring of the issue. Disappointing to see, but eye-opening for some, I hope.
Mei Grafd Vodder (3 months ago)
And as everywhere - Tourist are gonna destroy the thing they came for
Mister E (3 months ago)
"That is not an assumption, a belief, a theory..." FUCK YOU YOU STUPID CUNT! Are your videos informative or are they SJW virtue signaling beta cuckery?
Zimmy Dod (1 month ago)
Are you trying to argue with facts? Based on all scientifical evidence it is indeed warming.
Matt Schroeder (3 months ago)
i hate america cant eve honor thy mother earth. most faithless nation ever
Nyah Chamberlain (3 months ago)
Yo but can we just leave the world alone for a bit please, just let it be and stop ruining it’s beauty. K thanks
spacekookie (3 months ago)
This video is depressing
King Kong Bundy (3 months ago)
Al Gore Fucking lied
Mountain Mamma (3 months ago)
Imperial facts huh? Doesn't mean it's not a natural cycle and not the end of the world. These stupid conspiracy theorists spreading fake news, fearmongering, encouraging degeneracy, makes me sick...
Krzysztof Kwietniewski (4 months ago)
I don't want to be mean but change is just a part of live. Climate gests warmer and then it will get colder. Fighting for preservation of things that do not work anymore is just like a XIX century workers movement which gole was to destroy machines. I honestly can not understand what's the problem with change?
Jano schmidt (4 months ago)
But you can't reach Greenland with Plane, it only has a harbour, thats why i always fail to infect it
magellanmax (4 months ago)
"...while riding the sinking ship, there's at least a chance to make some money on the way down!" Something Donald Trump would say while tearing down the Paris Climate Agreement.
Α (4 months ago)
So much bs in one video
Anonymous Tardigrade (5 months ago)
Very objective
Chris Klugh (5 months ago)
But hey, we'll make money. Worth it. Said no Alien Archaeologist in 2220.
Cordell Ruzewski (5 months ago)
North Pole, Alaska was actually south from my hometown Fairbanks, Alaska
Qhawe Ngubane (5 months ago)
Aruba isn’t a country it’s an overseas territory. 🙈
Ojas Vaidya (6 months ago)
Half as Interesting
NoaH (6 months ago)
Well , Arctic warming is good for everyone 😍😍 BURN DAT FOSSIL FUEL BAEBY 👌❤️👌
Marine Trisinscius (6 months ago)
Mercator in a video about the arctic. Shame! SHAME!!
Emoglobin (6 months ago)
Humans: *burn a fuckton of oil* Climate: *gets warmer, causing Arctic ice to fall apart* Humans: *get excited that they can now go to the Arctic and get more oil* Climate: GODDAMMIT HUMANS STOP
Carrie A. Moreno (6 months ago)
there's always a silver lining
Olavi Pokka (6 months ago)
Lordin aukiolla tavataan!
HuskyWarrior 0029 (6 months ago)
90 billion barrels of oil? *freedom has joined the chat.*
SIR Lord Henry mortimer (6 months ago)
Hey, Russia is also part of artic and has the biggest city of the Arctic and also has the largest arctic coast line
secret pieperson (6 months ago)
I really hope tourism in Greenland increases, it would make plague Inc so much easier
deere3321 (6 months ago)
I remember 15 years ago that the prediction by now is that we would all be standing in water because of the ice melting. Hmmm...I wonder what happened? Could it be that this 'warming' is a natural occurrence and that scientists don't really know what a small temperature rise will cause??
Alexander OConnor (6 months ago)
deere3321 shut the fuck up.
Acauan Matias (6 months ago)
@10:18.... 4 million???? it looks like 40 million
Cameron Jardine (7 months ago)
3:02 Tokyo drift
Agsu joksu (7 months ago)
"it's not worth it to drill oil from the Arctic" Cries in America
Agsu joksu (7 months ago)
I as a finish lad can tell you wendover that you pronounced every finish word wrong
TrixieKat (7 months ago)
11:19 I cried
Jaiiy Ouhz (7 months ago)
Who says global warming is all bad? A warmer Earth has more inhabitable lands.
Silent Golden (7 months ago)
Double digit growth woooow a whole extra 50 people..... Look out!!
SevenDeMagnus (7 months ago)
Yup, hotter regions are poorer and will be poorer coz' the heat would mean: more limited work coz' it's easy to get tired, costlier electricity coz' of aircon and fans at higher speeds. God bless, Proverbs 31
Leon (7 months ago)
10:17 4 million has one 0 less
Jorge Gulias Merelles (7 months ago)
Hey, you wrote 4 million as 4,0000,000 with an extra 0.
David Geldberg (7 months ago)
Imagine being in one of the most isolated place in the world and some leftist worries about cruise ship smog. Lol
Obi Wan (7 months ago)
4:10 so you are trying to tell me that greenland has an airport? I am so disappointed. What if a deadly pandemic starts? Greenland has an airport and bye bye humanity.
Blizzard HQ (7 months ago)
Suomi paska perkele
George Bush (7 months ago)
7:43 I heard there might be WMDs up there, so... I'm gonna take a look see this summer with my friend Donald to see if that's true
RYRY1002 (7 months ago)
what ad will sam plug today?
Van Ivanov (7 months ago)
One thing I don't get about Greens. You often talk about the animals you care about, and how we must follow green practices to help these animals. And yet, recently, you've talked about how cows and hens and etc., the animals you ostensibly try to protect, are causing as much CO2 pollution as all the trucks and planes. In which case, you're recommending the extermination of life, so as to protect life? Kill things which breathe? That has been done before... killing large number of wild animals, such as camels, for the sake of Global Warming, mass killing for Global Warming. Another example, is when a cure was being discussed for Malaria. And the comments were filled with Greens, saying we should not cure malaria, because it is killing Africans, and thus lowering the population surplus, much the way of the fictional Ebeneezer Scrooge's concern for the surplus population. Of course, the most prominent example was the UN's official desire to reduce the human population to 10% of what it is today, the only means by which this would be possible being mass genocide. And the public adoration of Genghis Khan, who murdered millions of Chinese, to the extent it is believed it reduced Global Warming. Ironic... since he killed most of those people with huge, CO2 producing fires. This leads me to wonder if the point isn't the production of CO2, but the existence of CO2 producing lifeforms, that is offensive to Greens, which would make their organization a sort of religious human sacrificial cult. This would match well with all their policies, that talk about putting Gaia first, and humankind second.
Van Ivanov (7 months ago)
Additionally.. shouldn't we all be cheering? Your green persons claimed there would be NO ice caps, that they'd ALL BE GONE, about a decade ago. Instead, they reached new record extents of ice, a few years ago. The ozone layer was meant to be gone by now... shouldn't you be happy? Nothing you say comes to pass... isn't that great since you always predict doom and gloom?
greeny111 (7 months ago)
currently outside its was -30f and i live in the us
Martin Olstad (6 months ago)
greeny111 and?
Karl Slicher (7 months ago)
My friend in a wheelchair says no snow = better and it's very hard to argue with a disabled guy just trying to get on with life.
Patrik Sohlman (7 months ago)
ni ko (7 months ago)
How would you reverse warming?!
Max Matthews (7 months ago)
The coldest part of the empirical curve is highest in progression..... WOOOOSH
Shankar Sivarajan (7 months ago)
So I can see the Northern Lights without being as cold? Count me in.
ChestyMD (7 months ago)
who cares, the world is gonna end in 12 years anyways. #AOC #woke
Britbong (7 months ago)
It's Tui (twoE) not T.U.I
G Gregory (7 months ago)
You seem to do videos that have northern locations including Alaska.... very cool...are you from the north? I grew up in Fairbanks Alaska and I see several Alaskan reffferences in your content.....keep up the good works!
PartiZAn18 (7 months ago)
I have no clue what you do but I get the distinct impression that you studied logistics/supply chain management.
Aidan G (7 months ago)
Bendover Productions
Danx Tgcad (7 months ago)
Global warming and climate change is not real so...
SiggeN (7 months ago)
I like your vids half as interesting
Bunzy 2226 (7 months ago)
Oh yeah yeah
Drayton Bird (7 months ago)
Can you do a video on how airlines rebook all their flights after a storm like the one in the northeast right now?
Slanh 1314 (7 months ago)
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Prateek (7 months ago)
Dude can you make a video on the following -why airplane models are numbered the way they are, the basic classes of airplanes in use today -route economics (when do airlines add a new route, what defines a new route, why do routes even exist), -how the hub and spoke model really works, what are airplane hubs and why do airlines have them, why do some airlines prefer point to point connections and others prefer hub and spoke models. -Which planes are suitable for which operating models. Twin Engine, Vs triple Engine, vs Four engines , when and why are some layouts more preferable to others. -anything about cargo planes. It might be obvious or intuitive to many but it really doesnt make sense to me at all, but this is all useful info.
Crenam (8 months ago)
I want to see "the logistics of Coachella"
javier mandujano (8 months ago)
Why there isn't a treaty or something like in the apurh pole ??
Branflakes Doesn’t Do Stuff (8 months ago)
10:15 now that bothers me
Marco (8 months ago)
Dan Groves (8 months ago)
TUI is pronounced 2-ee
Technicality (8 months ago)
1:37 So you could say Nunavut makes up just about none of it?
tommi hanhikoski (8 months ago)
Someone said finland? Meet me in the club!!
Titanic Big boat (8 months ago)
X yay he’s talking about Canada more
Kobe (8 months ago)
Why do you sound exactly like half as interesting?
DanYeet (8 months ago)
Welp, Time to make a new country in the Arctic!
John Daly (8 months ago)
There are more snow in siberia than in Lapland. Russia should really open up for tourism.
Corinn Heathers (8 months ago)
capitalism can't kill the arctic if you kill capitalism first :)
Job van Aaken (8 months ago)
Do you think about starting a podcast series? I would realtime like to listen to a podcast of yours.
rational _ (8 months ago)
i mean this whole climate change thing was already advertised even when i was a lil ass kid back in the early 2000s, like i precisely remember watching some random news about it etc. so..... why weren't all you 30 / 40 years old responsible enough goddamn, y'all fucked it up for us like the older gen always does... congrats.
jordana309 (8 months ago)
This may sound weird, but I've had a bucket-list destination of Lapland, Finland for over a decade, aiming for a spring/summer time, rather than winter. The mountain lakes and forest I saw in some image years ago was positively breathtaking!
Alex Reitan (8 months ago)
I like how he listed that warming affects caribou and reindeer though they are the same species.
henri knutsson (8 months ago)
4:01 you don't say.... friggin plague inc...
Nugzar Mikeladze (8 months ago)
Please use the globe. I hate distorted shapes on your world map.
Thoussaint Evens (8 months ago)
Sen pai (8 months ago)
TRUMP supporters be like : That s%#! is a lie made by chineses
Adam Peterson (8 months ago)
I'm curious about the resources in the Antarctic