HomeEducationRelated VideosMore From: Wendover Productions

The Five Freedoms of Aviation

43444 ratings | 2077700 views
Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Behind any commercial flight is centuries of political negotiations and accords that dictate who, how, and where airlines can fly. Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: WendoverProductions@gmail.com Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Select visuals courtesy http://www.Shutterstock.com Music by Lewis Bergen Sound by Graham Haerther Attributions: Chicago convention photo courtesy Dominique Hymans Tuvalu airport photo courtesy Lirneasia Qantas Dreamliner photo courtesy Qantas and used under fair use guidelines
Category: Education
Get embed code!
Text Comments (2784)
iDoggo (3 days ago)
ethiad lmao *etihad*
Hassini Houssem (3 days ago)
thank's for the good explanation, would it be possible to talk about CDR /ATS route's
Ruiz Railroad (3 days ago)
Why does the EU hate Angola?
Karl Dilkington (4 days ago)
It would be nice if more industries had freedoms like this. To ship something by boat from China to Hawaii, it has to go to the mainland US first before being delivered to Hawaii because of regulations. So inefficient.
Alon Lavy (6 days ago)
Addis Ababa*
graeme cote (9 days ago)
checkmate. you’ve made an entire video about how Russia is (very) selective with freedom one.
Terry Kain (7 days ago)
Yeah, this video is very misleading. For one thing, it is misleading to identify the ICAO as some kind of authority on international flight. I understand he doesn't say it's the source of legality, but that's why it's misleading....the ICAO doesn't authorize or enforce whether an airline can land or take-off from a particular country or locale....the sovereign country or locale does. Woe to any pilot or Airline operator who thinks otherwise, we all operate in the real world; the "Ground control" is King, not the "international" bureaucrat sitting in some office which actually has no jurisdiction and who nobody listens to. These are not "Laws", and identifying them as "Freedoms" makes it seem like it has some hardened legal prerogative that everyone in the world must follow - nothing is further from the truth and real pilots know that.. Real pilots know better than to take these "5 Freedoms" as laws...they're more like guidelines; customs. Yes, you can "expect" and plan around these generally-accepted guidelines, which is important in any industry including the Airline industry. But it is a real danger to just ASSUME that you are ENTITLED to these "Freedoms"?....YOU ARE NOT. At any time, everyone from a local Flight operator or ground controller to the President of the United States can countermand ICAO - ICAO messages and advisories (that's all they are) might be part of someone's pre-flight checklist, but not everyone's and their authority is "Nil" if your airboss says it is. This is for practical reasons...centrally controlling the airline industry is madness. On 9-11, for example, the Chief of operations at the FAA made the call to ground flights everywhere in the US and its airspace. The US Military also made airspace restricted in foreign countries - and those countries such as Germany or Japan had no practical say in the matter. American Aircraft carrier battle groups - who usually let airlines within a few hundred miles of their airspace control in peacetime - extended that restricted zone to near a thousand and redirected airlines and vessels on different courses. ICAO neither had the relevant information to act timely, and had no authority to countermand any of this- effectively, every flight in the world regarding the United States airspace around the World was grounded or re-directed. If there's one person who can order edicts as to how and where international Airlines can operate around the World, it isn't the Secretary-General of ICAO.....it''s the President of the United States.
Jamestown (10 days ago)
Why are Canada's overflight fees so large?
Pedro Silva (14 days ago)
10:43 Azores and Madeira islands are part of the EU even if EU only harm us (Azores).. Good video by the way.
Clyde C (16 days ago)
Sadly, WOW airline has closed 😔
Poppy Christopher (17 days ago)
You should make podcast version of your videos @wendoverproductions
Yigermal Bekele (17 days ago)
FYI, it is not "Addis Adaba", but "Addis Ababa".
riyan kusumo (19 days ago)
I really enjoy your video, please post more about aviation, Political, pilot etc, explain more about tokyo convention, hague etc
Marcelle Adriana (20 days ago)
Capital of Ethiopia is actually Addis Ababa not "Adaba"...
Zachary Levine (22 days ago)
Wow!!! Wow! doesn't exist anymore
Aidan W (22 days ago)
Of course America didn't request permission for Canadian airspace. When has the USA ever considered Canada a sovereign nation.........
Dylan Shramko (21 days ago)
When we kicked Germany's ass, twice
E1craZ4life (23 days ago)
And... WOW Air is gone.
Frank Heberer (24 days ago)
Complicated much??!!!@
Ashi david (24 days ago)
10:56 britain aint in the eu no more
Ashi david (23 days ago)
+Eneri Giilaan thanks for letting me know
Eneri Giilaan (23 days ago)
Actually it is - at least a couple of weeks more ...
McVities 96 (28 days ago)
America gets everything it’s just unfair
Christopher Crepon (28 days ago)
Fees are $61.75 per 100 nautical mile overland $26.51 / $100 equal miles over oceanic so there's a difference obviously between the oceanic airspace and Continental
Christopher Crepon (28 days ago)
Land law in common law in it's original meaning says that land extends to the center of the Earth and to the quote highest heavens...of course not all nation's are common law countries some or many are civil law
Christopher Crepon (28 days ago)
I didn't know !ichtenstein or whatever was even a nation
The Bros (29 days ago)
Delta an (American airline) is able to fly domestic routes in Europe.
nicolas m (30 days ago)
I think flat Earthers should watch this video 🤣🤣
Paul On The Plane (1 month ago)
The earth is not a sphere and does not move. There is no scientific test that can be conducted to prove either component of the heliocentric model that we were force fed. Scientific tests are being conducted by large groups of engineers, scientists, and researchers to try to prove there is curvature to the earth and that the earth is spinning, orbiting, etc., but all are failing. Time to catch up with the truth here ladies and gentlemen, and time to wake up!!!
Vaelophis Nyx (17 days ago)
you you just watched a video about a global GLOBAL treaty's rights ... go read a fucking textbook, please.
E1craZ4life (23 days ago)
Flights between Europe and Asia during the Cold War made refueling stops in Anchorage, Alaska, which could only be possible if the Earth was round. Also, solar eclipses and lunar eclipses are only possible if the Earth was round.
Tendies (1 month ago)
"There are no large airlines restricted from airspace" Iran air in USA El al in Iran
Terry Kain (7 days ago)
Yeah, this video is very misleading. For one thing, it is misleading to identify the ICAO as some kind of authority on international flight. I understand he doesn't say it's the source of legality, but that's why it's misleading....the ICAO doesn't authorize or enforce whether an airline can land or take-off from a particular country or locale....the sovereign country or locale does. Woe to any pilot or Airline operator who thinks otherwise, we all operate in the real world; the "Ground control" is King, not the "international" bureaucrat sitting in some office which actually has no jurisdiction and who nobody listens to. These are not "Laws", and identifying them as "Freedoms" makes it seem like it has some hardened legal prerogative that everyone in the world must follow - nothing is further from the truth and real pilots know that.. Real pilots know better than to take these "5 Freedoms" as laws...they're more like guidelines; customs. Yes, you can "expect" and plan around these generally-accepted guidelines, which is important in any industry including the Airline industry. But it is a real danger to just ASSUME that you are ENTITLED to these "Freedoms"?....YOU ARE NOT. At any time, everyone from a local Flight operator or ground controller to the President of the United States can countermand ICAO - ICAO messages and advisories (that's all they are) might be part of someone's pre-flight checklist, but not everyone's and their authority is "Nil" if your airboss says it is. This is for practical reasons...centrally controlling the airline industry is madness. On 9-11, for example, the Chief of operations at the FAA made the call to ground flights everywhere in the US and its airspace. The US Military also made airspace restricted in foreign countries - and those countries such as Germany or Japan had no practical say in the matter. American Aircraft carrier battle groups - who usually let airlines within a few hundred miles of their airspace control in peacetime - extended that restricted zone to near a thousand and redirected airlines and vessels on different courses. ICAO neither had the relevant information to act timely, and had no authority to countermand any of this- effectively, every flight in the world regarding the United States airspace around the World was grounded or re-directed. If there's one person who can order edicts as to how and where international Airlines can operate around the World, it isn't the Secretary-General of ICAO.....it''s the President of the United States.
JasonMoon7 (1 month ago)
Actually planes don't go to Reykjavík in Iceland, they use Keflavík for international flights
Intellectual Ketchup (1 month ago)
5:40 Shannon Airport received so many flights per day, because the earth is flat and planes fly near it on the way to Europe! Flat paths prove flat earth! Just ask a seasoned pilot! Hear it straight from a 30 year seasoned pilot! Look up "30-Year Pilot: It's Flat!" Posted on the Paul on a Plane channel.
Intellectual Ketchup (1 month ago)
The ICAO uses a flat earth map because it is the proper representation of our plane! Hear it straight from a 30 year seasoned pilot! Look up "30-Year Pilot: It's Flat!" Posted on the Paul on a Plane channel.
Intellectual Ketchup (1 month ago)
The Space Shuttle lands like a plane, because it is a jet plane!!! Look into it!! Wakey Wakey!! Russia has an identical shuttle, but they don't lie and say it is a glider!
Intellectual Ketchup (1 month ago)
No human has flown 50 miles up. That is fantasyland. That's a fact! Space is all Faked and the earth is flat.
Mantulis87 (1 month ago)
Very out-dated video. As a fact of matter now you can directly fly to Australia from London on a non-stop flight.
databang (1 month ago)
(`ڼ´) This video makes me feel all autistically focused on a subject I could care less about.
Chris CR (1 month ago)
You could say that the EU is something like a country on many points. 1. The Aviation Freedom is like the EU was a country 2. You can go from Germany to France and don't have to pay roaming fees for the Internet/Calls/SMS on your Smartphone 3. We will have unified Copyright laws in a few weeks 4. The EU has its own ccTLD (websites with .eu) and an Emoji 🇪🇺 5. No border controls. You can easily drive from one state to another. 6. No duties: You can sell Spanish pork in Denmark with no fees. 7. We have a Parliament and European Council with a Government (European Commission) 8. TAX Laws. With minimum and maximum TAX which can be given. 9. Trading deals with other countries as a big EU. 10. A unified currency. The Euro (€) 💶 11. Some unified agencies. 12. Many EU Laws. Like human right laws ect. For example: death penalty is forbidden in the EU. And even more..
W F (1 month ago)
It's "Fourth" not "Forth".
almond potato (1 month ago)
7:52 You spelled fourth wrong.
James K (1 month ago)
fourth*****
Divergent Caesar (1 month ago)
Flight instructor: *shows video* Remember your rights! Me: Mate, I just want to skip rush-hour traffic.
vondeliusc (1 month ago)
As a long time pilot and aviation enthusiast, I had no idea about any of this. You put a lot of effort into the script: TONS of information. Thank you.
Kyle (1 month ago)
it's etcetera, not eksetera
Scott (2 months ago)
Mother Hubbard that's complicated... uhg imagine working on the software that calculates those routes... no thanks.
Sagiv Boniel (2 months ago)
There was actually a convention on the carriage of passengers and freight in Warsaw, Poland in 1929, some 15 years before the convention in Chicago. Warsaw is where it all started...yeah
Blu Dude (2 months ago)
Most of all, subscribe to PewDiePie
Ons M. (2 months ago)
https://youtu.be/3gcpf1PWgb4
Boeing 777-200 (2 months ago)
1:43 Qatar cannot fly over Bahrain Saudi Egypt or the UAE
John Thompson (2 months ago)
Play for play,,,, Hillary was about to steal from everyone around the world.
Matthew Mulqueen (2 months ago)
Love seeing Thomond Park on youtube
Matthew Mulqueen (2 months ago)
Shoutouts from Likerick Cityyyyyy Yuuuuuuuurt
Splag Yetsi (2 months ago)
Excellent Presentation
Kaptain Kid (2 months ago)
@!Wendover Productions: You lost me when you mispronounced "Dominica" . . . There are two Islands the Caribbean (near whare your arrow points at )that have "Dominica" in their name. One is "Dominica" . . . pronounced phoneteticly, in the American vernacular, "Domeneeeeeeka", the French manner. The other it the Dominican Republic, which phonetically is pronounced "Dominican", with stress on the "in", like in the English word "in". There is no country, island or nation in the world named "Dom'in'ica". Since at 0:37 the arrow is pointing roughly toward the island of Dominica, I must assume that is what you mean. Learn to pronounce it correctly. And this little island nation's air space is really of no commercial consequence and a pilot could easily avoid Dominica's airspace, and if they did not, who is going to complain? Same thing with Tuvalu, which sits so far out into the South Pacific that hitting its airspace would be harder than avoiding it. But, now worry, as of 20 Nov, 2017, Tuvalu is the 192nd member of the ICAO. So Now I guess it's only the tiny country of Lichtenstein, which although a nuscience to modern aviation, can be easily avoided and the tiny island of Dominica, that are not members of ICAO. Someday, perhaps even those tiny mice will come to each the cheese of international regulation.
Neagoe Andreas (2 months ago)
aND ANOTHER NEWSFLASH...Ukraine , and Rep of Moldavia, north and est of romanian border, those are not in the EU....do you even know what countries are in the EU?
Neagoe Andreas (2 months ago)
You market Romania as a NON European country....SURPRISE IS IN EU SINCE 2007 AS BULGARIA.
JC (2 months ago)
Way too many examples. 5 examples of the 9th freedom was enough. The next 5 were just overdoing it, big time. "this is why so & so can fly here." ok, so is there a reason you thought we needed 10 examples each? Is your audience that slow? Content filler? Whatever it is, it sucks.
TheRamboBeast (2 months ago)
The Freedom of the Seas. Make a vid on that bruh
Jason Martin (2 months ago)
There is no freedom for Qatar Airways to enter the KSA, UAE airspace, is it possible to add this into video? I think this open skies agreement is for real if KSA and UAE doesn't care about it?
Conor Magee (2 months ago)
Australia and New Zealand have a single aviation market like the EU. Thats how Jetstar Australia is able to operate domestic flights within NZ using Australian VH registered planes.
Nihit Goyal (2 months ago)
Absolutely loved the video !!! Very informative and trivial
Alex Kittredge (2 months ago)
He butchered some of these names lmao
Zravity ONE (2 months ago)
Wrote: Addis Adaba Spoke: Addis Abada Correct: Addis Ababa
ҬҤԐ ҪФԠԠЏИЇSҬ PԐИGЏЇЍ (2 months ago)
I gotta say, the depictions of the Nordic countries in this video is outstandingly good!
LionLife (2 months ago)
I see you really like flying
Manuel Camelo (2 months ago)
UN has such shitty logos. Piece of shit of "organization". I hope they burn in Auschwitz.
Eric P (2 months ago)
Interesting, so basically an Air Canada couldn't operate a domestic flight that runs ONLY from say new York to LA, unless it also continues onto Canada. Why is that though? If that were allowed wouldn't that be a good thing as it would increase competition and therefore reduce consumer prices? I feel like that is why flights are so much drastically cheaper in the EU. Also, do you know why domestic flights in Canada are so expensive? It literally costs more to fly within the country than to fly to Central America or to the EU.
Gili Briggs (2 months ago)
I'm pretty sure Israeli airlines(I'm Israeli btw) can't fly over most middle eastern Muslim states
Stjepan Bedić (2 months ago)
yes, there are instances where 3rd is approved, but 4th isn't. For example, you can fly charter flights from A to B, but not from B to A, because only B country airlines can fly their passengers on charter flights.For example, it could happen Air France can fly a charter flight with French to Russia, but cannot fly Russians to France. Scheduled lines are a different thing.
RobotDCLXVI (2 months ago)
Hmm so Canada, with it's dumbass PM always claiming to care about poor people and the earth and all that shit charges more for overflight thereby incentivizing airlines to avoid their airspace and thereby use more gas which is worse for the earth. Sweet, another convoluted way leftist morons are hypocritical.
FlatWorldJomhuriRegime88 (2 months ago)
Wrong! Technically right, but wrong. There are airlines that do not conform with North American or United States standards and cannot fly here, such as Congo or Kenya airlines. They do not conform to maintenance standards. However those airlines can fly to Dubai, or New Delhi.
PVH (2 months ago)
Why does the US and STS Mission landing routes over Canada matter? Canada is apart of NORAD, after all.
TheAbc45678 (2 months ago)
At 7:16 you made an error. You said the flight from Perth to London would be the "first direct commercial service" between Europe and Australia. That's incorrect. What you meant is "first non-stop commercial service". Most people confuse these two words (i.e., "direct" vs "non-stop"). A direct flight can make stops for refuelling or passengers as long as it keeps the same flight number. The flights you mentioned at 6:54 are direct flights and you could have called them such. Regardless, thanks for this enlightening video.
tatun65 (2 months ago)
El AL is not allowed to fly over most of the middle eastern countries..
DaChiks (2 months ago)
Am too lazy to search through the comments so I don't know if this has been pointed out before (since there is no annotation to the effect, am assuming error went unnoticed): the Ethiopian capital, thus home of the Ethiopian Airlines is ADDIS-ABABA, not ADDIS-ADABA as was written AND pronounced in the commentation.
Marshal Garand (2 months ago)
10:44 dat Switzerland tho...
Gurkaran Singh (2 months ago)
Qatar is restricted from flying over uae
D huynh (2 months ago)
If you are flying from Europe to china. why not fly over Africa?
Ariah Humphreys (2 months ago)
This is soooooo awesome
AnimalJammer 39400 (2 months ago)
Qantas’ SYD-LAX-JFK route is another use of the 8th freedom
SuperVegitoFAN (2 months ago)
In regards to space shuttles.. why not have the descent path be over the pacific, or atlantic oceans?
Krystian Naja (2 months ago)
4:55, what do you mean by saying down into Europe? ;-)
Ken Adair (2 months ago)
Addis Adaba?
Super Kyle (2 months ago)
4:36 Why not just fly STRAIGHT to Europe and avoid the fees?
Vulpes Dominus (2 months ago)
that is flying straight, this is where the curvature of the earth comes into play
Thomas Conrow (2 months ago)
The "UN agency responsible for civil aviation" could not have been established in 1944, as claimed. The UN was not founded until October, 1945.
Thomas Lucas (2 months ago)
You forgot the stop in Gander Newfoundland to refuel before the hop to Shannon Ireland. LOL. Maybe i'm really old-school.
Kommentator (2 months ago)
oh yeah yeah
Milan Stevic (2 months ago)
8:45 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Addis_Ababa not Abada or Adaba, exact pronunciation here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Addis_Abeba.ogg
Angel Arch (2 months ago)
Great info, thanks!
Mystikal 36 (2 months ago)
ICAO doesn't recognize smelly India Air
Alberto Salinas (2 months ago)
Great video! I have a question: I recently flew with Norwegian from Buenos Aires to Puerto Iguazu (Argentina). Unlike the last example in the video (flights from USA to Guadeloupe and Martinique), this flight was not connecting the EU with a third country. Would this be one of the rare examples that fall under the 9th freedom?
masad859 (2 months ago)
wendover productions needs to get a spell checker. forth instead of fourth and spells it addis adaba but pronounces it addis abada when its actually addis ababa?
Cuore Sportivo (2 months ago)
i'm actually offended by your statement about istanbul as if it's just "another mid-east hub" should i remind you that half of istanbul is LITERALLY europe?
PartiZAn18 (2 months ago)
From the content that you upload it's very clear to me now that you studied logistic or a related field.
Steff's Thailand Travel (3 months ago)
You have the right to fly above Ukraine, but one can be shot down by Russian rocket missiles
Piotr Jezierski (3 months ago)
Papa New Guinea... Mama Old Guinea ;) I assume you meant PAPUA New Guinea ;)
Callum Laroi (3 months ago)
How do you make these videos? can you make a video on that?
Emil Foghammar (3 months ago)
Your ideas about the Swedish borders are a bit...awkward.
Alex Trusk (3 months ago)
The Brexit will be a mess for european and british airlines alike
SeanKillmaster (3 months ago)
@1:15 is that a RAVN plane? lol
brainfornothing (3 months ago)
Very interesting. Thanks for sharing !
Nelson Mongare (3 months ago)
8:46 Addis what ?
Abdalla Mohammed (3 months ago)
It's Addis ABABA, not ADABA
Clark Talbot (3 months ago)
All these can be dumbed down to "you can fly were you want"