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How Microwaving Grapes Makes Plasma

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A bisected grape in the microwave makes plasma. But how does it work? A grape is the right size and refractive index to trap microwaves inside it. When you place two (or two halves) close together the fields interact with each other creating a maximum of electromagnetic energy where they touch. This creates heating, sparks, and plasma, which is further fed with energy directly by the microwaves. Huge thanks to Hamza Khattak, Prof. Pablo Bianucci and Prof. Aaron Slepkov (unavailable for the call) for chatting to me and helping me understand the physics of this cool phenomenon. Linking plasma formation in grapes to microwave resonances of aqueous dimers https://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1818350116 Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Donal Botkin, James M Nicholson, Michael Krugman, Nathan Hansen, Ron Neal, Stan Presolski, Terrance Shepherd Thanks also to Steve Bosi, my original plasma collaborator. Animations by Alan Chamberlain Music from http://epidemicsound.com "Seaweed"
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Text Comments (12654)
Veritasium (7 months ago)
If you need help with some of the audio, turn on captions!
Blue Steve (11 days ago)
It's alright I already have the subtitle captions
Barbra stanwick (1 month ago)
The sodium was because of the glass that the plasma was contained in
10,000 subscribers with no videos? (1 month ago)
Aquason just relax you dont need to fix everything
bobwatters (2 months ago)
So how does this explain the plasma Wbeaty gets by preheating glass then microwaving it? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cskB5c0mJ58
Gramilla250500 (2 months ago)
My favorite version of this effect is with sliced baby carrots!
PortCharmers (18 hours ago)
I just ate a pile of grapes, none are left, and five minutes later I find this video.
Greg (21 hours ago)
Grape welding.
Jay. T (1 day ago)
i dont care what you say: putting grapes in the microwave = microwaved grapes :D
Mr. Magistral Malik (1 day ago)
*B A L L S*
BAM Toob (1 day ago)
That was fun! And informative!
Synoptic 1 (1 day ago)
☑️
Brian Jed (2 days ago)
The resveratrol in the grapes probably has something to do with the plasmagenesis.
Chobittsu (2 days ago)
@5:50, was that a statement, or a question?
Armageist (3 days ago)
I've seen carrot pieces spark, as well wet dog treats coincidentally the size of a grape. I've read it's due to minerals (carrot pieces), but I'm now wondering if this is due to a similar heating/ionization of the air (with the meat treats, probably due to the size of them?
Jack Adrian Zappa (3 days ago)
> 04:52 > with the very strong electromagnetic fields at the intersection of the two electric fields are strong enough that they ionize the air creating those Sparks and that is what leads to the plasma it creates these ions which can then receive more energy from the microwaves. How does the electromagnetic field intersection ionize the air? Is this heating that one spot in the grape, imparting enough heat to cause the air molecules nearby to lose electrons? Or is it focusing the radiation to a single point and the air is close enough to then absorb the radiation energy to then lose electrons? Or something else?
InfiniteFences (3 days ago)
Everytime you said “... observes microwaves” I kept thinking about the whole machine instead of the actual waves lmao
Super BottleBros (3 days ago)
who here thought that the thumbnail was photoshopped?
GamePlay (5 days ago)
oh look tony stark
zac TR (5 days ago)
Actuary similar phenomenon is already used in the opticalregion, called localized surface plasmon. They are used to confine optical energy to a tiny space, using two small metal particle faced closely eachother like grapes in this video. Main application can be seen in SERS(Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering). Sorry for my poor english :(
(6 days ago)
Anyone tried this at home
Chris Ruffino (6 days ago)
You get plasma from smoke from a match as well so I thought it was from the smoke from the grapes being burnt .
zmdeadelius (6 days ago)
The microwave works at 2.45 GHz... hmm, sounds like my wi-fi router does too.
Doug H. in VA (6 days ago)
Why normal folks dislike smart-ass scientists and pseudo-experts is their know-it-all attitude. They could have gotten a regular, college guy with a good voice who shaves and talks normally... and not a prick
Raushan RJ (6 days ago)
This is what a student of commerce, like me, chooses to watch while going through the genre of fantasy.
Mickael Detras (6 days ago)
Isn't that a little dangerous? Creating plasma in a microwave
Collin H (7 days ago)
MMMMMMMMM BEEP BEEP BEEP BEEP
Na Soo Ha (7 days ago)
I thought they turn a grape into a dragon ball.
nth2tell (7 days ago)
physics of nanoparticles made eazy!!
- Pyroetheus - (8 days ago)
5:48 "Woah! Who needs drugs!?" XD
Favourable Wind (8 days ago)
Мужик, я ни чего не понимаю, из того, что ты сказал, но ты очень крут! Смотрю твои видео (с переводом на русский) взахлеб! давай дальше! один из лучших каналов, что я видел!
Lydia Hanger (8 days ago)
Steins:Gate, anyone? Green bananas from a microwave? So who was first, HUH?? x'D
Mark Reedman (9 days ago)
5G think of the effect on you balls from a phone in your pocket
Richard Peralez (9 days ago)
So if it gets trapped inside the grape.. Does that mean it is radioactive?...
JJ Flash (9 days ago)
Future of Intergalactic Space Travel - Grape Plasma Thrusters.
red siix (10 days ago)
Cool, that's what 2 blackholes colliding really looks like and the highest energy going to the area of impact.
Juan Vargas (10 days ago)
This is SOOO cool! Awesome. Glad I found this channel!
Kronos camron (10 days ago)
grape contains mono-atomic elements which are super conductors of microwave.
Klara G (10 days ago)
As a mother there’s only one thing I want to know; does this do any damage to the microwave?!
MEANDI (10 days ago)
3:24 Owen Wilson
Ranon Nanakhon (11 days ago)
If you put Cockroach in Microwave...................It'll show you what will last on Earth....
Max Pollen (11 days ago)
I did like how you exspaned it a lot
CaptainKitty (11 days ago)
We have the same kitchen aid microwave and oven :D
#16 Racing (12 days ago)
a god awful lot of crapping on and not much else.
Noah (12 days ago)
MICROWAVE GOES MMMMMM
Jair Oliva (13 days ago)
How does damage my microwave?
CoderGirl248 (14 days ago)
Please someone somebody tell me this is "Please try this at home"
JerpanLerppa (14 days ago)
3:02 he finn?
HawkinsGaming H20 (15 days ago)
I did that before and it did nothing
ayy neya (15 days ago)
why do you look like elon musk
J Newcomb (15 days ago)
IT WORKS!!! SO AWESOME!!! 🍇💥
Noah (12 days ago)
MICROWAVE GOES MMMMMM
Captain Bottle (15 days ago)
watches video 120secs l8r has ghosty soot on microwave ceiling is satisfy
David Lakic (16 days ago)
Me watching and understund litteraly nothing Yeah its true
L E T T U C E C O N S U M P T I O N (16 days ago)
Bruh I can burn down my school with grapes
Senator Cheese (16 days ago)
It is 5 am
James_wingthwong_ Banks (17 days ago)
Actually did this by accident with pickle chips for grill cheese sandwiches long before your 2011 video. I thought there were metal shavings in the pickles at the time.
adam smith (17 days ago)
Thanks for making it NOT cool any more. You over-explained the fun out of it.
Richard Foran (17 days ago)
Is it internal reflection.. Answers own question
Denbro55 James (18 days ago)
5:50 XD
Mahaxilin Vlog (18 days ago)
Awesome share friend, super like
Pepi Huber (18 days ago)
Hi, I think you should bleach your teeth a bit more. Just to make sure EVERYONE notices that you bleach.
poikaa3 (18 days ago)
Raindrop reflection of radio waves at certain frequencies is along these lines but a microwave is itself a resonate cavity, a microwave is also a shielded box to contain the microwaves. there is a stirring action (fan paddle) of the microwave box to angle the wave pattern for even heating.
mini tofu gamer (19 days ago)
My name hamza
mini tofu gamer (19 days ago)
0:40 my name hamza did anyone see that Then like this
Erik van Ravenstein (19 days ago)
Dr. Steve Bosi could be your twin brother ...
Jor (20 days ago)
a metal spoon can also destroy a microwave
josh doughnut shurtz (20 days ago)
Seen chopped frozen potatoes spark
U cant stop me punk ass copbitch (20 days ago)
Don't worry guys that's just a glitch. God said he'll fix it till 2024
Fake news, Fake food, Fake world (20 days ago)
So, don't keep you cell phone close to your balls? Same 2.4ghz but with lower power but I still talk on a speaker mode sorry.
Dave Micolichek (20 days ago)
Microwave = 1500 watts. Cellphone = less than half a watt. Your balls are quite safe..
DeathnoteBB (21 days ago)
Griffin on MBMBAM: Why don’t we microwave grapes Grapes: _turn into lights_
I'm kinda fucking stupid, but (21 days ago)
1:02 bruuhh he looks like joji..
Bliss Thomas (21 days ago)
Did this once with a silica used to keep things dry
Yako Vladdydaddy (22 days ago)
Interesting.....i can do video with sodium bicarbonate and h20 plus a mystery third substance( try to think) and a microwave and yeah i got crizack. But idk if any scientists will be calling more like knocks on my door from the pigs cuz they r mad im trying to chase bacon. Ok im done nice vid!
Jaime Pascarella (22 days ago)
Plasma created only in a vaccum or no atmosphere
Jamison Steininger (22 days ago)
I just got mind fucked and it feels so good!
Patricia Grönblad (22 days ago)
What about the health aspect whe it comes to the use of a microwave oven and the effect in our health?
The Big Squirrel (22 days ago)
How to explode your microwave
Yusuf Zahin (23 days ago)
wouldnt be cool if u could harness the plasma from the grapes and turn it into electricity
Outsider Gameing (23 days ago)
wanna get some plasma? *fire is basically plasma bruh*
Marjorie Startwell-Schlitt (23 days ago)
i thought it was really cool learning that orbies work just as well as grapes. For this experiment, I assumed that cut grapes needed to be used to create this experiment. But apparently, two whole grapes touching do the same thing.
Parkour Jesus (23 days ago)
Grape powered plasama rifles confirmed?
RickK RocKStar (23 days ago)
All this did was disperse energy between two objects, because you added an energy source to the reaction. No energy no reaction, just like any battery.🤔
Dave Micolichek (20 days ago)
Umm, no. You dont have to microwave batteries to get any energy out of them...
Gauri Enterprises (24 days ago)
Can we use it to achieve fusion
Josh (24 days ago)
Potassium's elemental representation is a K which commonly signals the end of a conversation in a way in which you don't want it to continue is there a correlation in that and the importance of potassium?
scott b (24 days ago)
So can we run an impulse engine on grapes?
Corbin Henderson (24 days ago)
i tried this and bought a new microwave
TheReborne (24 days ago)
how to make fire without gas. *grapes* no more polution
Sabrina Proskow Bille (24 days ago)
I thought it was Englethone
Sabrina Proskow Bille (24 days ago)
Holy crap... mom was freaking silly. :P I hope your doing well Good too see you... I'm in Canada, Penticton BC. that is crazy.
Sabrina Proskow Bille (24 days ago)
OH MY GOSH! YOUR NOT IN AUSTRALIA OR BRAZIL ANYMORE!!??? DAD... WTH!!!
Adelhard Schwarz (24 days ago)
Wow.. its been that long?
Richy Rich (24 days ago)
From a background of having studied e-fields and fiber optics in college, your explanation makes perfect sense.
GreatnessGamers (25 days ago)
microwave good plasma bad
Baby Jesus (25 days ago)
Don't get old man😪
Shiny (25 days ago)
what??
TheDirewolf 1234 (25 days ago)
1:09 I thought that was Tony Starks for a second.
Blake Chambers (25 days ago)
So if your balls got microwaved they would get the hottest in between em
barcode (25 days ago)
Can I make a plasma gun with grape ammo?
Luke Luke (25 days ago)
Woah!!! Who needs drugs?!!!
hawkeni (25 days ago)
it is not plasma, it is "H2O-Na-K" flame....:)
Layla Brooke (25 days ago)
What even is plasma?
Josh Howard (26 days ago)
Hm yeA,basically a microwave makes fleshy liquid matter boil from the inside out. .
Dawna Gamble (26 days ago)
WOW...PPL ARE DYING OF CANCER. ..AND YOU FIGURE OUT THE PLAZMA EFFECT OF GRAPES INSIDE A MICROWAVE .yeah
Weekend Nick (26 days ago)
I think I know why they did surgery on a grape, they tried to patch the glitch the old fashioned way
Paul Caves (26 days ago)
Who needs drugs??? I feel like i do after watching the most useless piece of pseudo science there is out there