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Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic

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Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. Learn how this "land between two rivers" became the birthplace of the world's first cities, advancements in math and science, and the earliest evidence of literacy and a legal system. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe #NationalGeographic #Mesopotamia #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/xVf5kZA0HtQ National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (610)
National Geographic (3 months ago)
For five millennia, Mesopotamia fostered innovations that would change the world forever. Which of Mesopotamia's contributions intrigues you the most?
Mahshid TBI (1 month ago)
You can't change history national geographic. 😕 this is persian empire, great IRAN!
Mahshid TBI (1 month ago)
+kittens are cuter than human babies 👏👏👏
Sakshi Shukla (1 month ago)
Their contributions for literacy intrigued me the most
Yousef Ghaneemah (1 month ago)
+Dan Oliric Manaig shumerians r arab tribe
Ալլեն Սահակյան (2 days ago)
HEY! This thumbnail is the ARMENIANS in 5th century B.C. depictions of Persoplis in Iran! ARMENIA!!! Search up "Armenian Persepolis," for proof!!! 🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲 Yes, these reliefs are in Iran today, but it is an ethnic depiction of Armenians bringing their famous wine to the Persian King.
Rubina Kikshian (1 day ago)
I didn't expect ng to showcase such a huge mistake so happily.
Memo Bio (3 days ago)
Yes but then amiraca has came and ruined and destroyed everything in my beautiful country only to steal our oil
Karar Thabet (6 days ago)
...🇮🇶🇮🇶✌ thanks from mespotemia
MR Rabbit (8 days ago)
Great Iraq
MR Rabbit (8 days ago)
العراق العظيم Great Iraq
Mr Crow (9 days ago)
Elamates were messopotamian people, maybe not semethic people but they lived between the tigris and karun river for over 5000 years ,which is located at south west Iran, and its good to know it is becouse of ruins of persepolise and ecbatana that we get the idea of how ancient messopotamia looked like.
Xenofag Uprising (10 days ago)
Such a shame that one of the founders of such a great civilization was defeated by a lack of dopamine. RIP o great Sargon.
BlackSheepNara (10 days ago)
Finally, Mesopotamia without any mention of aliens.
Swatantra Wibawa Mukti (11 days ago)
As I know, Mesopotamia civilization which means of several nation or empire was live in sorround of tigris river and euphrates river (the first Mesopotamia civilization born and appear in Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait). Mesopotamia is the first human civilization and the oldest civilization in the world. There's some many nation or empire, the Nation or empire (1 is from the oldest) is : 1. Ubbaid 2. Summerian 3. Akkadian 4. Babylonia 5. Assyrian 6. Neo-Babylonia 7. Cyrus (old-persian) 8. Alexandria 9. ?? Correct if I'm wrong ✌️
Ranjita Saha (14 days ago)
Make a video on Indus Civilization
Mahmoud jamal Mahmoud (17 days ago)
It started with Sumerians! but you did not mention once.
Teddy Kurniawan (18 days ago)
Its sad that isis ruin everything and sell antiquities to black marker for their fund
Mehrdad Keivani (22 days ago)
Cyrus the Great did not cause any damage to the territories he conquered. He left the civilized cities unharmed and promoted Persian law and culture to Mesopotamia.
Ir. Djonny Simarmata Msc (28 days ago)
The written make civilization.. thanks to abrahaem
Hajo Hasan (28 days ago)
Isn’t it a proud to be Iraqi
Marilia Tatone (30 days ago)
Need more video about Mesopotamia .. and look the star of civilization there Iraq, Kuwait and Syria .. now all war and destruction so sad .. land so rich of history
Memo Bio (1 month ago)
I'm from this wonderful country which has been destroyed by the most democratic country in the world AMERICA 🙂
Mahshid TBI (1 month ago)
This is persian empire Not mesopotamia 😡😡😡👎👎👎👎👎👎 Great IRAN Ancient Iran Persia You can't change history, National geographic😡
Haider Alnasry (1 month ago)
no>>> iran civiization came after iraq civiization >>>> iraq mespotamia controling al iran
Austin Pacheco (1 month ago)
this video is dookie
Alliaaa (1 month ago)
so basically without my people, there would be no astrology, 60 minutes, etc?
lava Twinzz (1 month ago)
Ty that really help with mythology 😆 Appreciate it
Sia Davariya (1 month ago)
people of mesopotamia were very smart
Shko Tariq (1 month ago)
and know it's being ruled by arabs smh
Linda Ch (1 month ago)
i found out about a month ago that i have ancestors from mesopotamia, that my people are from mesopotamia (i am christian, syrian). This is so intresting to me. I wish we learned this in school
Shaz BK (1 month ago)
The weekly cycle and the seasons are much older than Mesopotamia. They were first mentioned in the first chapter of the book of Genesis in the Bible!
Özgür Akyıldız (1 month ago)
Why Mesopotamia gets little to no credit in the US public school curriculum? Well, it may be that the state does not want to inform its citizens about the miraculous history of the nations it exploits. Otherwise, citizens begin to question the credibility of the reasons for the state's war against these nations.
Ulim Kencanawati (1 month ago)
Islam is there..
Of All My Intention (1 month ago)
Totally...and think of what a paradise that area is now, thanks to Islam.
ULTRANAUT (1 month ago)
1:11 I think I've seen some of his YouTube videos
Advin (2 months ago)
all i can think about is ancient aliens
Max Level (2 months ago)
Iraqis are now the same races Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian and others. The only variable is language and religion only because of the repeated occupation of this great country, the cradle of humanity
Ալլեն Սահակյան (2 days ago)
The Thumbnail itself are Armenians, search up Armenian reliefs of Perspolis
HeilAmarth (7 days ago)
You're joking right? Mesopotamia (Sumer, Babylonia etc.) was not made of Arab people, this is a fact you cannot deny. Later Arabs conquered lands of Mesopotamia, killed everyone and settled to live themselves on those lands.
Joy TChannel (2 months ago)
It failed to mention that ancient Mesopotamia was inhabited by black peoples. Even the statutes, figurines and escalation proved that.
The Three Mosquitoes (2 months ago)
Wow
Truth Lover (2 months ago)
HEY DID YOU ALL CATCH THE NEWEST NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE 12/2018 , PAGE 105 WHERE THEY ARE PROMOTING SATANISM RIGHT OUT IN THE OPEN DISGUSTING - AND - ON SOME DISGUSTING FAT SLOB
Sarhang Mahmud (2 months ago)
sumarian exactly is our langauge,i mean(kurdish language),we have too many documents about it, but it takes time to prove it to world.
Basil II (2 months ago)
Sarhang Mahmud yeah... whatever you say...
Sarhang Mahmud (2 months ago)
Basil II where you get this info? many nations!!! ohh godd i know it is not your fault,it is our fault,if you wiat a few years,you will see what i mean
TU nguyen (2 months ago)
Why Iraq a desert now
ups (1 month ago)
I dont know maybe a war
elizabeth samuel (2 months ago)
I thought the “Harappa & Mohenjadaro “ was the 1st civilisation in the world
Shanti Yantra (2 months ago)
In american public school they never mention Mesopotamia is in Iraq. Maybe we shouldn't know that there is greatness outside of our borders. Knowledge is power.
M hadi (2 months ago)
نفتقد الاثاريين العراقيين اللذين يعملون على ربط ابناء البلد بحضاراتهم القديمة الرائدة والتي كان لها العديد من المساهمات المتميزة كالكتابة والعلوم الرياضية واختراه العجلة فاغلب العراقيين اليوم لا يعرفون شيء عن تلك الحضارات الرائعة
Dani N (22 days ago)
اغلب العراقيين الحالين هم من القبائل العربية .. التي أتت الى العراق بعد الفتح الإسلامي ..
Ivan Hewitt (2 months ago)
Big curved hats, to emulate their alien overlords
Name Last Name (2 months ago)
rotten pigs with bad taste. thank god they died
Mathew Frazier (2 months ago)
Average video, a little inaccurate. Seems like some young intern was tasked with history and lazily went back to their textbook and came up with this bit. At the beginning you mentioned Greece and then Rome, time span is waaaay different / irrelevant (Early Human Civilization vs Classical Antiquity). Greece and Rome aren’t synonymous terms in the way your using them, perhaps Hellenic Kingdoms and the Roman Empire or, Athens and Rome. If your lazily going to say Greece then you better say Italy or the Italian peninsula or Latinium instead of Rome. If your trying to trash and make other civilizations seem insignificant, you could at least make the argument for such seem somewhat logical. include the Indus Valley Civilization (India) and the Yellow River Valley civilization too! Another thing, failed to describe the circumstances to which Cyrus the Great came to power. Assyria and the short lived Median empire was not “too rich” which led to their downfall. Assyria could back most of the threats to their territory. It was the Scythians and Cimmerians (Nomads on Horseback) with the worlds first Stir-ups and steppe bows (Mobile Horse Armies) that destroyed the Assyrian army and the people of the region. Basically it was the apocalypse for the Assyrian ppl (haven’t recovered since). Once that happened civil war broke out, fast forward a hundred years, people are sick of the aggressive diplomacy that destabilized the region, and opted to follow Cyrus and his civilized coalition of vassal kingdoms. Btw, what your talking about it old news. Recently there’s been a lot of controversy over the idea and nature of “Cradle of Civilization” idea that one culture got it right and everybody copied them. The ultimate first civilization. Newer understandings of these ancient cultures, including the Fertile Cresent / Mesopotamia, is that they all developed civilizations and sophisticated societies independently of each other. Another issue with your faulty presentation of Mesopotamia is the cultural appropriation of writing to them. Your promoting unwarranted pride and tribalism by saying Mesopotamians created writing. They didn’t create the idea. It isn’t exclusive to them. They were just the first to reach this skill. The rest developed writing independently from Mesopotamia, and did do not long after Mesopotamia. Btw Mesopotamians being the first to develop writing isn’t a conclusive fact. That is disregarding written numbers (predates “writing”), crude symbols / graffiti, painting, and language.
Blue Bird (4 days ago)
The National Geographic is geared toward layman audiences, and any simplification of the facts is "inaccurate" by some measure of technicality because you can't expect it to cover every little detail that's out there. But it still nails the basics of what we know or commonly accept in standard curricula. _"At the beginning you mentioned Greece and then Rome, time span is waaaay different / irrelevant (Early Human Civilization vs Classical Antiquity)... If your trying to trash and make other civilizations seem insignificant, you could at least make the argument for such seem somewhat logical. include the Indus Valley Civilization (India) and the Yellow River Valley civilization too!"_ The video isn't trying to trash anything. It mentions Greece and Rome (and Egypt) because these are some of the most familiar ancient civilizations that come to mind. Westerners generally don't know/care about the Indus Valley or Yellow River civilizations, so why mention them? (obviously, this video is meant for Western audiences as it's presented in English by a Western institution). _"Btw, what your talking about it old news. Recently there’s been a lot of controversy over the idea and nature of “Cradle of Civilization” idea that one culture got it right and everybody copied them. The ultimate first civilization."_ Honestly, I think most historians already agree with you here. Mesopotamia isn't the only "Cradle of Civilization" from whom other civilizations have drawn fundamental influence. Historians recognize about two other "Cradles" that developed independently (or mostly independently) that served as templates for civilization as we know it: the Indus Valley and Egypt (and perhaps the Yellow River, as well, considering its size and influence). _"Another issue with your faulty presentation of Mesopotamia is the cultural appropriation of writing to them. Your promoting unwarranted pride and tribalism by saying Mesopotamians created writing. They didn’t create the idea. It isn’t exclusive to them. They were just the first to reach this skill. The rest developed writing independently from Mesopotamia, and did do not long after Mesopotamia."_ Not quite. The Yellow River civilization and pre-Columbian Latin America certainly developed their own writing systems independently, but not the rest of the world. The rest of the world got their writing systems from Egypt, which may or may not have gotten its own writing from Mesopotamia. Almost all European writing systems today trace their roots directly to Egyptian hieroglyphics. Same with the Middle East. Same with India. Same with Southeast Asia. Same with Africa and post-Columbian Latin America. So while Mesopotamia, itself, may or may not have been the civilization to give us writing, most of the world CAN trace their writing systems to a single source: Egypt.
Berk52 Tomakin (2 months ago)
1:04 can someone explain me what "UR" means ?
Hussein Faisal (2 months ago)
Proud of our history as Iraqi person 💗
that one Guy (2 months ago)
Didn’t they invent algebra?
storm raider (2 months ago)
Make video on Indus valley civilization
Deshaun Porter (2 months ago)
STTEEEEEVVVVVVVEEEEENNNNNN
Deshaun Porter (2 months ago)
hi steven
Deshaun Porter (2 months ago)
hey steven
Jmoney27781 (2 months ago)
booty
Heinrich Himmler (2 months ago)
How about india , Hindu civilians they are 7000 years ahead.. Maybe... HINDU
John DC (2 months ago)
What do you mean? How are they 7000 years ahead?
Karll Zeinschimdt (2 months ago)
Prophet abraham live on here?
نآتآي † (22 days ago)
Karll Zeinschimdt He born and grew in Ur
JK number5 (2 months ago)
I learned those names through Hip Hop records. Names like King Cyrus the great and Babylon
MR_ Abhilash (2 months ago)
Indus valley civilization one of the oldest civilization of the world with egypt and mesapatamia
Life Unlock (2 months ago)
What a wonderful story
F Maz (2 months ago)
Thumbnail is from the carvings in Perspolis which is in Persia.
Billi billion (2 months ago)
Kurds ancestors
Anwar Kattan (2 months ago)
Billi billion 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂
Who let The Dogs out? (2 months ago)
real solar systems or (rss)
naresh sahu (2 months ago)
nice.
Randy Boone (2 months ago)
666 is 4 time apparently it was much Greener and lions roamed wildly in that area.
Allen Caruselle (2 months ago)
civilization, ancient and wicked
Abraham Lincoln (2 months ago)
The only democratic value lifes in Israel and Kurdistan in Middle East.
Anwar Kattan (2 months ago)
Abraham Lincoln Kurdistan??? Where is that???
JL Santiago Aquino (2 months ago)
waw.
Beatorama (2 months ago)
2:01 WHY DOES THE CONSTELLATION OF TEBETU LOOK LIKE UAE!? (I LIVE IN UAE AND MY STAR IS CAPRICORN) :OOOO
Amir Hossein Salamatian (2 months ago)
🇮🇷🇮🇷🇮🇷
Basil II (2 months ago)
🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶
Lion King (2 months ago)
Your thumbnail belongs to Persia! Persepolis, more accurately!
Ալլեն Սահակյան (2 days ago)
The Thumbnail itself are Armenians, search up Armenian reliefs of Perspolis. Yes it's in Iran, but the depictions are Armenians who are bringing their wine to the Persian Shah.
Overhaul Kai Chisaki (2 months ago)
They also invented wheel by the way. Very useful thing
mexica 87 (1 month ago)
Ancient Cemanahuac invented many things as well including the wheel . what European Anglos call "america"
godwantsplastic (1 month ago)
Overhaul Kai Chisaki every limbless log is a wheel. A log rolling across another log or down a hill or out from under someone is what “invented” the wheel.
lXBlackWolfXl (1 month ago)
Its actually believed the wheel was invented long before writing. Its not known who invented the wheel, though its believed that the Proto-Indo-Europeans may have had contact with the culture that invented the wheel, whoever they were.
Overhaul Kai Chisaki (2 months ago)
They also invented wheel by the way. Very useful thing
Slo Mo (2 months ago)
So Iran beat Iraq already a long time ago.
وسام (2 months ago)
Neither of them existed
Elijah Marshall (2 months ago)
Didn't they invade Egypt and take their kkmnowledge of mathematics and writing from them?
Elijah Marshall (2 months ago)
+John DC I'm pretty sure Egypt existed much longer than they did. Even before Egypt it was Ta-Seti
John DC (2 months ago)
I don't think the Egyptian empire existed when they existed lol
5 HNP (2 months ago)
Gonna deny polygonal masonry?
Roberto Satriano (2 months ago)
Nice video! National geographic is 1 of the best source of knowledge. :))
Мохамед (2 months ago)
Our history is honorable, and our reality is bad ⁦ 🇮🇶⁩
Alex Andreas (2 months ago)
Assyrians keep claiming they are Akkadians and babylonians.... lol u guys are just delusional as the blacks that claim of ancient Egypt.. Chaldeans are the true inhabitants of Mesopotamia u assyrians are foreigners just like the Arabs
mrengtop (2 months ago)
Unfortunately you have made a huge mistake when you have added Kuwait and Syria to the purely Iraqi civilizations that you have already mentioned through the video all these inventions, innovations and flourished awareness took place inside Iraqi border known nowdays. However Kuwait already Iraqi terrotery in the past... Even more the name of modern Iraq derived from Uruk capital of the Sumerian kingdom ... Thanks
King of Ebla (1 month ago)
What if I told you Sumerians came from east Arabia, the supposedly first innovators? What if I told you Babylonians came from Syria? What if I told you mesopotamia means 'land between two rivers', which is located in both Iraq and Syria. No mistakes were made.
Ali Ramez (2 months ago)
Iraq was destroyed because of the invasion of the Mongols and what came after that period
don Ham (2 months ago)
Why this video not say anything about the anunnaki!?.....
Isaac Rizard (2 months ago)
Ripe place for bombing and annihilation. A tomb where civilisation dies.
alan Smith (2 months ago)
Welcome to my beloved iraq
E. L. (2 months ago)
Is there a longer video on this? Like 1 to 2 hours long?
hpensive (2 months ago)
Let's give Ethnicity some credit, how about explaining to people who those Babylonians came from. Nobody believes all those towns just "sprung up" 6000 years ago. Obviously people had been living in Africa for a very very long time before. Let ALL young children feel pride in the history of mankind. More importantly remind them what cultural heritage is being destroyed and people tortured by ceaseless conflict in these places you pay carefree attention to.
hpensive (2 months ago)
+Sandor Clegane Diluted if anything but I don't have to make up stories about the people of Khem or Nubian people. Why don't we see Nat Geo giving them credit?
Sandor Clegane (2 months ago)
hpensive another deluded “KANG”...
Walkertongdee (2 months ago)
Geo has really slipped so they make bite size videos not worth watching...
Amanj Haval (2 months ago)
Proud to be mesapotamian 😍
Riotmaker ZeroNine (2 months ago)
ISIS: "Such a place of idolatry, and they never heard Allah, DESTROY IT!" Me: "You're not in Makkah you're Islamic State of Idiots and Stupids."
Christofer Riche (3 months ago)
I love ancient history
PANDA (3 months ago)
I’m from kuwait
ehsan_iq (2 months ago)
+jassim mn no it Isn't. Stop acting like another autistic iraqi nationalist and be reasonable. There was no "Iraq" before 1920. While kuwait goes back to 1613.
jassim mn (3 months ago)
its part of Iraq just like Iran Occupied Ahwaz and saudi occupied Ahsaa
Vanesa Nunez (3 months ago)
I'm learning about Mesopotamia in history class, and I have a test on this after Thanksgiving break, thanks for the video!!!
Android Havoc (3 months ago)
You didn't knew simple thing that Syria is corrupt word of Sanskrit Surya means sun
Fuck You YOUTUBE (3 months ago)
It’s such a shame that civilisations such as these rarely ever get mentioned in our history books or made into movies. It’s always the Greeks and the Romans as if people of color weren’t civilised. 🤷🏽‍♂️
Arber UN (3 months ago)
I am proud to be Babylonians grandson
samarhafeez (3 months ago)
Yup
LeGrand Hanf (3 months ago)
Awesome video!!
sukruoosten (3 months ago)
no THE LORD YHWH made the 7 days en no one can change that !!!! go ask napoleon en see how did get him !!!!!!!!!!!! learn all these facts from the BIBLE over 4000 years history en science slowly step by step is catching up to it AMEN
Sandor Clegane (2 months ago)
sukruoosten a friendly reminder; you forgot to take your meds again...
sukruoosten (3 months ago)
yeahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh im of assyrian decent !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! MY LAND
Veselka (3 months ago)
smart people were these Mesopotamia people . More smart then some people of today
peace-it-is (3 months ago)
Where is the indus civilization?....
charliemayne (3 months ago)
First Mesopotamia and then Alexandria what next!
Steven L (3 months ago)
3.20. Again Persian destroys .. including Roman Constantinople... And as Iran...what is it seeking to destroy..?
Steven L (1 month ago)
+ılgın özer U just never get it.
Steven L (1 month ago)
Turkey here means the land ruled under and by Ottomon. Iran land was Persia. Also occupied by Ottomon. Ottomon empire means all lands occupied and ruled under it.
Steven L (1 month ago)
Iran here means the land. It was Persia.
ılgın özer (1 month ago)
+Steven L your comment is full of wrong ottoman royal family were Turkish from today's Turkey and the ottomans did not invade iran, iran has never been in the territory of ottoman empire and their formal name is Ottoman EMPIRE not islamic caliphate they used islam for their strategic reasons they were never typical muslim like today's muslims even some of ottoman sultans were cripto christian or some of them believed ancestral religion (Tengrism) before commenting do some search.
Steven L (2 months ago)
+Marcelo Delgado Need to correct you. There was no Turkey nation then. Its was then under the Ottoman Islamic caliphate empire which had also invaded took over and converted Iran. or Persia. Hence the 3 are the same by what ever name.
Omega Man (3 months ago)
Absolutely brilliant! Fantastic. Out of the park. Just a muted point... The fact that we still adhere to a Hammurabic code of law of an 'eye for an eye' mentality YET after all these years shows how little mankind has advanced. When the true norm should be nothing but unconditional love, compassion, empathy and understanding is being dominated and shifted with utter vile, brutal, harsh and cold treatment derivative of pseudo-Biblical post-Assyrian teaching. SHAME!
ShawN TyleR (3 months ago)
I love history 👍