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Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic

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Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. Learn how this "land between two rivers" became the birthplace of the world's first cities, advancements in math and science, and the earliest evidence of literacy and a legal system. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe #NationalGeographic #Mesopotamia #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/xVf5kZA0HtQ National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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Text Comments (820)
National Geographic (6 months ago)
For five millennia, Mesopotamia fostered innovations that would change the world forever. Which of Mesopotamia's contributions intrigues you the most?
Cleeon Virlief (4 days ago)
+Politicssucks that is Assyrian, not Babylonian. Btw, there is still a nation named Syria
leonardo77880 (12 days ago)
You don't explain Mesopotamia in 4:10
Marissa G. (1 month ago)
Politicssucks The video is about archeological findings and artifacts not religious text.
darwin loto (1 month ago)
In Mesopotamia the Garden of Eden were born where the first human exist.
Toren Reshyopolous (4 hours ago)
I have Assyrian friends myself. Great people.
GRSMustard (2 days ago)
Simply too short to be meaningful!
Robert H (2 days ago)
Is it still fertile? Or just a large shithole now?
Al Walker (5 days ago)
this is not true. what about America and China etc
Durelle Williams (3 days ago)
+PC Gamer Wolf incorrect no one knows where life started there is proof turtle island or America was but no one alive knows 😎
PC Gamer Wolf (3 days ago)
+Durelle Williams the eastern arabian (Mashreq) what we calling nowadays (middle east) was cradle of civilizations, china was not exist yet.
Durelle Williams (3 days ago)
Exactly but you know but people only believe in Europe and Eastern Arabian places as important and that's why humans are idiots America is full of history but only true genuises know it
مُنتظر (6 days ago)
Great Mesopotamia 🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶🇮🇶😍
B Z (6 days ago)
Mesopotamia: Greek words; Mesos (middle) and Potamos (River). Literally, the land between the two rivers - Euphrates and Tigris.
Hastin Nuraini (7 days ago)
benjīe solmīa (8 days ago)
mesopotamia (assyrian / babylonian), egytian, sumerian and other civilizations were established hundreds or thousands of years after the GREAT FLOOD true or false?
Ann Fitzgerald (8 days ago)
Nat Geo - very good but too short. Need more in depth videos on ancient Mesopotamia...
Philip II (8 days ago)
Babylonian Empire, Persians, Macedonian And Roman Empire Daniel Prophecy,Greek Name Newer Existet Before 1829 How Can Be Greek Stop Lying 🤥
Philip II (8 days ago)
4000000 Turkish, 3000000 Albanians, 1000000 Persians =0%True Greeks!!
Philip II (9 days ago)
Greeks Culture With No Culture Name Greek Creation By Otto German In 1829 Start Ot Greek Name Newer Existet Before Newer Stop Lying About Greek And Folse Country 🐪
moekhn (10 days ago)
i wouldnt call these civilaztions as one of the first . they are the furthest in the past that we have knowledge of . in 25 thousand years the U.S. will not be remembered should we call it one of the first civilizations
RuK? (12 days ago)
where ''todays'' civilisation started yes, but what about the civilisation that disappeared during the end of the last ice age, or the one that was before! that is the real question. Gobekli Tepe in Turkey goes back around 12.000, and only 10% or less has been excavated..... this is just 6000 years. We have been here, and advanced *long* time before!
Abayarde718 (12 days ago)
They created nothing. They were TAUGHT by the survivors of a global cataclysm who were part of a very very advanced civilization - Morse than we are today. That is the TRUE past nit the fake mad up and guessed His Story.
Wigs Snatched (9 days ago)
so u were alive 7000 years ago?
David Brandenburg (13 days ago)
I love how no mention is given about the priest kings who ruled for almost half a million years!.
David Brandenburg (13 days ago)
just more of the old boy network propaganda about our history, they would have you believe our history only goes back 12 thousand years!.
Y VENKATESWARLU (14 days ago)
A fascinating travel into the past.
Soham Bhattacharya (16 days ago)
Islam destroyed every civilization it came across. It is doing the same thing today as well. Wake up people!
Ashtar light (17 days ago)
A Snake enters the Pyramids and we are all Made . The Pyramid Represent a Women and anyone who don't see that is Blind .
Roger Strong (17 days ago)
Raggle Daggle (17 days ago)
What about the invention of the wheel and the potter's wheel to produce pots meant to store liquids and food? Both very necessarry inventions for human civilisation to develop.
Hotep Muh Dyk Amen Ra Nnngggrrr (18 days ago)
Where are the kkknnggrrzzzzz?
John MARK (20 days ago)
Stevie Raquel (20 days ago)
That was excellent! Well done.
SAIF Al IRAQI (20 days ago)
IRAQ 🇮🇶❤🌹
Jan Václav Nermuť (22 days ago)
Russian ancient legendary civilization, not Mezopotamia. Mezopotamia was not first civilization. It is Russian civilization. Russia is an Egyptian name for civilization which is immortal- unles death of all people. But yes. It was the smallest and weakest civilization, but the most democracy and non-agresive. From science accepted history.
مجتبى القريشي (22 days ago)
I am from iraq and the ancient people of iraq who was the first people who invanted writing
Toren Reshyopolous (19 days ago)
Iraqis weren't Arab back then, just saying. A very few were.
EastWood (23 days ago)
Mesopotamia : I'm the first civilization Indus Valley Civilization : Am i joke to you?
Bernard Mitchell (24 days ago)
Black People.
Akriti Sharma (26 days ago)
can we join mesopotamia with hinduism ...as they believe in 9 planets ??and have more than 1 god??
Average Money (23 days ago)
Akriti Sharma But it is mostly Muslim now. Polytheism no longer exists in Mesopotamia.
Tanish Jain (28 days ago)
Indus valley civilization?
Louis chiraq (27 days ago)
Indus valley started over 3000 BC while as civilization in Mesopotamia has history far back as 10,000 BC
HUN KIPÇAK TÜRK (28 days ago)
Have you a list about Mesopotamian temples? Which temples the most importants?
Shukur. Antonio (1 month ago)
You must talk more about Mesopotamia , you said it, the civilization started from there but most of people don’t know anything about it.
From Babylon Iraq (1 month ago)
I'm from Iraq and kufa
Michael Colapietro (1 month ago)
that area the Mesopotamia occupied looks the same that the Kurds consider theirs. Are the Kurds ancestors of the Mesopotamia's ?
Selina (15 days ago)
No mesopotamia is Iraq,kuwait(which belonged to Iraq) and some parts of Syria which also belonged to Iraq then the british gave it to the french and made kuwait from a city to a country. Kurds speak an indoeuropean language while Assyrians and Babylonians spoke semetic languages and came from the Arabian peninsula the Sumerians spoke an isolated language and where from South Iraq. Kurds share DNA with all other Iraqis that either means we all have Ancient ancestors or not. The Marsh Arabs in the South have DNA that is similar to the Sumerians their houses and traditions are also similar to those of the Sumerians but their dialect is highly influenced by persian.
hasan veysel erol (1 month ago)
+kurdish girl also sumerians were not native mesopotamians as u mentioned however they were still older in the region than guti people who may be close relatives of kurds unlike sumerians . Sumerians are extinct most probably.
hasan veysel erol (1 month ago)
+kurdish girl sumerian language is not a member of any modern language family but kurdish language is a branch of indo-iranian language family like pashtun or ossetian or talysh languages. However kurds may be also related to Guti people who settled to mesopotamia from zagros region in a very early period. I dont think so sumerians have descendant people in modern period. But genetically they may continuing in the dna of many iraqi people like iraqi arabs or kurds.
kurdish girl (1 month ago)
+hasan veysel erol Do you know that sumerians were not native to "iraq" they came originally from the north east (kurdish region).Do some reserch about it if you dont know . kurds are the true decents of the sumerians and theres many things that prove it.
The Last European (1 month ago)
And then Islam came and messed everything up
The Last European (15 days ago)
+Selina tell me why islamic societies tend to be underdeveloped compared to other societies especially if there are few natural resources ...
Selina (15 days ago)
Yeah who invented the camera yes an Iraqi muslim and who was translating Greek books into Arabic and searched and developed theories about science,astrology and astronomy,medicine etc. while the church was burning books? Tell me who?
Hank S (1 month ago)
More on Mesopotamia please!
arslan naeem (1 month ago)
Can someone share the link of the whole video??? I'm sure National Geography has made a complete episode on this. No? :S
Christian Kepler (1 month ago)
Thumbs down for lies...everyone knows Kemet spawned writing buy hey even Mesopotamia was all black originally just look at the statues that are the oldest.
hasan veysel erol (1 month ago)
except the sumerians all pre achaemenid Mesopotamian civilizations were semitic people so they were brown not black. also Sumerian statues shows more middle eastern features than African ones
Gabinator 33 (1 month ago)
Beth Nahrain "House of rivers" in Aramaic
Darrell Mitchell (1 month ago)
All this started in Kemet and Karma and back even further... this knowledge comes from the first people of the Nile river
MASRR (9 days ago)
No such thing as kemet. It all started between the Tigris and Euphrates with a middle eastern people.
Rakhi Bhatkar (1 month ago)
so many information I get from the video thanks for make this type of video
ahri (1 month ago)
I imagine that when the first settlers arrived it was incredibly beautiful... and now it’s a war torn land 😢 It’s blessings have caused humans to destroy much of that beauty...
Gerard Miller (1 month ago)
Babylon was modern day Iraq. The tower of babel was built there. And that is why it was called Babylon.
Fruitpunch Samurai (1 month ago)
I came here expecting the tale of Gilgamesh and Enkidu
RAVI DHYANI (1 month ago)
Chris Scott (1 month ago)
This gave me a great movie idea. Type to write
Emperor Of Wall (1 month ago)
Waiting/Looking for China 101 Japan 101 India 101 Inca 101 Aztec 101 Islam 101
Emperor Of Wall (23 days ago)
+Made Abdel Rhodesia 101
Made Abdel (23 days ago)
Emperor Of Wall Ancient PanGaeA 101
premium shiptosts (1 month ago)
Iraq then: the dawn of civilization Iraq now: the center of destruction
hmm ? (4 days ago)
+Toren Reshyopolous stop please , leave us alone go fix islam somewhere please , islam brought us house of wisdom to gather the worl knowledge in one library , what u brought is only terrorists (isis) and blood shed
Toren Reshyopolous (19 days ago)
That's the cancer of pisslam
peace and love (1 month ago)
Wrong Kuwait has no relation with Mesopotamian civilization.
OSAMAH ALBAZ (1 month ago)
And now, the American army killed that place
jack smalls (1 month ago)
Thank you national geographic, it was interesting!
cristiano messi (1 month ago)
Mesopotamia babylon persia destroyed by saudi muslims, islam
Ram kailash (1 month ago)
Samuel Thomas (1 month ago)
Believe or not they were actually Black people.
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
mesopotamia was asia, not africa.
Son of Mountain (1 month ago)
Xi Le (1 month ago)
Many different wisdoms, philosophies, math, science, medicines, religions, writings, arts, laws, agricultures, and cities or civilizations were *originally created* around the world by different people in different places in different times. Ancient Mesopotamia was one of them. Chinese civilization created abacus, compass, gun power, and many other things.
kurdish girl (1 month ago)
Kurds are decendents of sumerians and there is many proove of that....
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
they descended from somebody
kurdish girl (1 month ago)
Kurds of today are the decent of sumerians
Ivan Joseph Villegas (1 month ago)
Ajith dop (1 month ago)
My Religion Is Humanity (1 month ago)
Unfortunately, the arab Islamic invasion was destroyed Mesopotamia and all the civilizations of the Middle East 😥 im assyrian Iraqi and agnostic
Don jon (3 days ago)
Destroyed how?? What about the Hellenic invasions or Assyrian . And it's not "Arab Islamic" it's just *Muslim* correct your statement
Under A Rock (1 month ago)
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
+Under A Rock actually? you mean you added facts? Or you think?
Under A Rock (1 month ago)
actually invaders often did change the cultures and languages, there was hellenization and latinization however when the arabs came it seems more and more people seemed eager to adopt the culture maybe it was willfully. south and central america is a good example, most people there speak spanish or portugese but have their own culture some even maintain native languages
M. Majed OC (1 month ago)
Yes, the civilization of Iraq is the oldest civilization in science but I hid it from the world I do not know why it is said that Adam (peace be upon him) landed in Iraq between Babylon and Ur
Swatantra Wibawa Mukti (1 month ago)
Make sense. Also Abraham (Ibrahim), and Noah (Nuh) they're a part of ancient Mesopotamia.
Mount Rison (1 month ago)
islam is not history
Mario Hawil (1 month ago)
As an Assyrian I would be offended if you call me Iraqi or Arab. I have my own culture, religion, language, flag and I used to have a country even tho it was brutally taken by Arabs, Kurds, Turks. I have nothing against them now, it's part of the past. But Im proud of who I am. Assyria forever ❤️
perla (2 months ago)
my dad just sent me this 💀
9z chanel (2 months ago)
Holy Iraq... ❤️
Fahad Albloushi (2 months ago)
That’s not Iraq. It’s Mesopotamia
Henok Hailu (2 months ago)
the founders were afroasiatic speakers
Alejandro Zepeda Hernandez (2 months ago)
good video
william wells (2 months ago)
A clear well narrated presentation.
Kat Blue (2 months ago)
We've known for quite a while now that Eritrea came even before Mesopotamia.
Swatantra Wibawa Mukti (1 month ago)
I think, NG try to explain about this special civilization because Mesopotamia is the first human civilization which can bring so many knowledge and innovation that very influential to all joints of our life until now. So, not only explain about the oldest civilization, but beside that there's is somethin' new and sophisticated at that time. Well btw, I just heard about Eritrea. It would be good idea if NG do a research to do that
Kat Blue (1 month ago)
The story of civilization began in or near Eritrea in the Nubian desert. Even NG has other info on this so it's odd they claim in this video that Mesopotamia was the beginning. The first recordable civilization was dated around 9000 BC. The location was in the Nubian desert, currently what is now between South of Egypt, North of Sudan, to parts of Southeast Libya. This came before the Mesopotamian civilization of about 5000 years ago. By the way, Egyptian civilizations such as Nabta Playa also began around 5500 to 6500 years ago, which could predate Mesopotamia. I would suspect that NG is ruling these earlier societies out for some reason, deeming them unworthy of the label "civilization", but these societies were far more advanced than many resources acknowledge.
Kat Blue (1 month ago)
I mean there were people in Eritrea first.
Gabinator 33 (1 month ago)
Henok Hailu (2 months ago)
what do you mean?
Nicola Torres (2 months ago)
Solían pasar esta clase de contenido en su canal de TV, luego todo se pudrió.
Addam Robin (2 months ago)
To think that advanced civilizations then would degenerate into Arabs nowadays
이경호 (2 months ago)
So sad that Mesopotamia perished, I wanted to see the palaces and it's history!!!
as fgh (2 months ago)
doesnt get any cooler than this bois
Scott Somkhit (2 months ago)
They are the anunnaki
Scott Somkhit (2 months ago)
The annunaki
SHAHROKH JOUDI (2 months ago)
Not adapted.
raven scott (2 months ago)
kiikat (2 months ago)
Great video 😍
RaHul Rana pratap Rajput (2 months ago)
Base of civilisation human biometry and metabolic genesis
Bundesrepublik der Erde Reich (2 months ago)
Aron Szekely (2 months ago)
They found oil
Filip Vukajlovic (2 months ago)
My god I love history 🙏
PANNY POL (2 months ago)
It's like india
Sweden Mapping (2 months ago)
Why is Mesopotamia so unpopular? 🤨
Selina (15 days ago)
+kurdish girl Assyrians and Babylonians spoke semetic languages not related to kurds in any way Sumerians spoke an isolated language not semetic or indoeuropean and they were from South Iraq. Kurds speak an indoeuropean language and all Iraqis kurds,arabs,assyrians,chaldeans etc. have a very similar DNA make up so it's not just kurds
kurdish girl (1 month ago)
Because they where kurds and they all try to erease oir history.
مرتظى حرب (2 months ago)
Because wars in the iraq so tourists can't visitors
Ալլեն Սահակյան (3 months ago)
HEY! This thumbnail is the ARMENIANS in 5th century B.C. depictions of Persoplis in Iran! ARMENIA!!! Search up "Armenian Persepolis," for proof!!! 🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲 Yes, these reliefs are in Iran today, but it is an ethnic depiction of Armenians bringing their famous wine to the Persian King.
Rubina Kikshian (3 months ago)
I didn't expect ng to showcase such a huge mistake so happily.
Memo Bio (3 months ago)
Yes but then amiraca has came and ruined and destroyed everything in my beautiful country only to steal our oil
Karar Thabet (3 months ago)
...🇮🇶🇮🇶✌ thanks from mespotemia
MR Rabbit (3 months ago)
Great Iraq
MR Rabbit (3 months ago)
العراق العظيم Great Iraq
Mr Crow (3 months ago)
Elamates were messopotamian people, maybe not semethic people but they lived between the tigris and karun river for over 5000 years ,which is located at south west Iran, and its good to know it is becouse of ruins of persepolise and ecbatana that we get the idea of how ancient messopotamia looked like.
Xenofag Uprising (3 months ago)
Such a shame that one of the founders of such a great civilization was defeated by a lack of dopamine. RIP o great Sargon.
BlackSheepNara (3 months ago)
Finally, Mesopotamia without any mention of aliens.
Swatantra Wibawa Mukti (3 months ago)
As I know, Mesopotamia civilization which means of several nation or empire was live in sorround of tigris river and euphrates river (the first Mesopotamia civilization born and appear in Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait). Mesopotamia is the first human civilization and the oldest civilization in the world. There's some many nation or empire, the Nation or empire (1 is from the oldest) is : 1. Ubbaid 2. Summerian 3. Akkadian 4. Babylonia 5. Assyrian 6. Neo-Babylonia 7. Cyrus (old-persian) 8. Alexandria 9. ?? Correct if I'm wrong ✌️
Ranjita Saha (3 months ago)
Make a video on Indus Civilization
Mahmoud jamal Mahmoud (3 months ago)
It started with Sumerians! but you did not mention once.
lashon neealy (19 days ago)
it actually started befor the sumerians as well....we're talking timescales almost unimaginable to most.....but im with you
Teddy Kurniawan (3 months ago)
Its sad that isis ruin everything and sell antiquities to black marker for their fund
Ir. Djonny Simarmata Msc (3 months ago)
The written make civilization.. thanks to abrahaem
Hajo Hasan (3 months ago)
Isn’t it a proud to be Iraqi