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Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic

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Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. Learn how this "land between two rivers" became the birthplace of the world's first cities, advancements in math and science, and the earliest evidence of literacy and a legal system. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe #NationalGeographic #Mesopotamia #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic https://youtu.be/xVf5kZA0HtQ National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
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National Geographic (1 month ago)
For five millennia, Mesopotamia fostered innovations that would change the world forever. Which of Mesopotamia's contributions intrigues you the most?
dream catcher (6 days ago)
National Geographic dont forget the import innovation the wheel!
María Martínez (12 days ago)
National Geographic. Could you please give this kind of videos a channel in your website? Unless I save them in my own lists, once seen, I can't find them in your YouTube website, which is pretty confusing.
kiran chandran (15 days ago)
Then came islam and destroyed the advancement and send it to backpedaling
Cuzcuz (17 days ago)
National Geographic make a story of pelasgians - albanians today
Armita Ghasabi (18 days ago)
National Geographic also iran is the only country who still follows the calendar until today you just mentioned in the video
Joy TChannel (2 days ago)
It failed to mention that ancient Mesopotamia was inhabited by black peoples. Even the statutes, figurines and escalation proved that.
The Three Mosquitoes (3 days ago)
Truth Lover (3 days ago)
Sarhang Mahmud (8 days ago)
sumarian exactly is our langauge,i mean(kurdish language),we have too many documents about it, but it takes time to prove it to world.
Sarhang Mahmud (5 hours ago)
Basil II where you get this info? many nations!!! ohh godd i know it is not your fault,it is our fault,if you wiat a few years,you will see what i mean
Sarhang Mahmud (5 hours ago)
TheLast One 😂😂😂 who told you that iam persian? who is persian ? what thay are?
TheLast One (8 hours ago)
+Basil II that is interesting, would you mind telling me what the influences were? or perhaps somewhere I can read on it? the descendants of the Sumerians are modern day Assyrians.
Basil II (11 hours ago)
Sumerians influenced many nations even korean has some sumerian
TU nguyen (9 days ago)
Why Iraq a desert now
elizabeth samuel (10 days ago)
I thought the “Harappa & Mohenjadaro “ was the 1st civilisation in the world
Shanti Yantra (10 days ago)
In american public school they never mention Mesopotamia is in Iraq. Maybe we shouldn't know that there is greatness outside of our borders. Knowledge is power.
M hadi (12 days ago)
نفتقد الاثاريين العراقيين اللذين يعملون على ربط ابناء البلد بحضاراتهم القديمة الرائدة والتي كان لها العديد من المساهمات المتميزة كالكتابة والعلوم الرياضية واختراه العجلة فاغلب العراقيين اليوم لا يعرفون شيء عن تلك الحضارات الرائعة
Ivan Hewitt (13 days ago)
Big curved hats, to emulate their alien overlords
Name Last Name (14 days ago)
rotten pigs with bad taste. thank god they died
Mathew Frazier (14 days ago)
Average video, a little inaccurate. Seems like some young intern was tasked with history and lazily went back to their textbook and came up with this bit. At the beginning you mentioned Greece and then Rome, time span is waaaay different / irrelevant (Early Human Civilization vs Classical Antiquity). Greece and Rome aren’t synonymous terms in the way your using them, perhaps Hellenic Kingdoms and the Roman Empire or, Athens and Rome. If your lazily going to say Greece then you better say Italy or the Italian peninsula or Latinium instead of Rome. If your trying to trash and make other civilizations seem insignificant, you could at least make the argument for such seem somewhat logical. include the Indus Valley Civilization (India) and the Yellow River Valley civilization too! Another thing, failed to describe the circumstances to which Cyrus the Great came to power. Assyria and the short lived Median empire was not “too rich” which led to their downfall. Assyria could back most of the threats to their territory. It was the Scythians and Cimmerians (Nomads on Horseback) with the worlds first Stir-ups and steppe bows (Mobile Horse Armies) that destroyed the Assyrian army and the people of the region. Basically it was the apocalypse for the Assyrian ppl (haven’t recovered since). Once that happened civil war broke out, fast forward a hundred years, people are sick of the aggressive diplomacy that destabilized the region, and opted to follow Cyrus and his civilized coalition of vassal kingdoms. Btw, what your talking about it old news. Recently there’s been a lot of controversy over the idea and nature of “Cradle of Civilization” idea that one culture got it right and everybody copied them. The ultimate first civilization. Newer understandings of these ancient cultures, including the Fertile Cresent / Mesopotamia, is that they all developed civilizations and sophisticated societies independently of each other. Another issue with your faulty presentation of Mesopotamia is the cultural appropriation of writing to them. Your promoting unwarranted pride and tribalism by saying Mesopotamians created writing. They didn’t create the idea. It isn’t exclusive to them. They were just the first to reach this skill. The rest developed writing independently from Mesopotamia, and did do not long after Mesopotamia. Btw Mesopotamians being the first to develop writing isn’t a conclusive fact. That is disregarding written numbers (predates “writing”), crude symbols / graffiti, painting, and language.
Berk52 Tomakin (14 days ago)
1:04 can someone explain me what "UR" means ?
Hussein Faisal (14 days ago)
Proud of our history as Iraqi person 💗
that one Guy (15 days ago)
Didn’t they invent algebra?
Ravi Singh (15 days ago)
Make video on Indus valley civilization
Deshaun Porter (15 days ago)
Deshaun Porter (15 days ago)
hi steven
Deshaun Porter (15 days ago)
hey steven
Jmoney27781 (15 days ago)
Heinrich Himmler (15 days ago)
How about india , Hindu civilians they are 7000 years ahead.. Maybe... HINDU
John DC (13 days ago)
What do you mean? How are they 7000 years ahead?
Joseph Stalin (15 days ago)
Prophet abraham live on here?
JK number5 (16 days ago)
I learned those names through Hip Hop records. Names like King Cyrus the great and Babylon
MR_____ Abhilash (16 days ago)
Indus valley civilization one of the oldest civilization of the world with egypt and mesapatamia
Survival Trick Daily (16 days ago)
What a wonderful story
F Maz (16 days ago)
Thumbnail is from the carvings in Perspolis which is in Persia.
Billi billion (16 days ago)
Kurds ancestors
Mingchang is a China Hou the and good Jessica (17 days ago)
real solar systems or (rss)
naresh sahu (17 days ago)
Randy Boone (17 days ago)
666 is 4 time apparently it was much Greener and lions roamed wildly in that area.
Space Case Face to Face (17 days ago)
civilization, ancient and wicked
Abraham Lincoln (17 days ago)
The only democratic value lifes in Israel and Kurdistan in Middle East.
JL Santiago Aquino (17 days ago)
Beatorama (18 days ago)
Amir Hossein Salamatian (18 days ago)
Basil II (1 day ago)
Lion King (18 days ago)
Your thumbnail belongs to Persia! Persepolis, more accurately!
Fullmetaleliot (18 days ago)
They also invented wheel by the way. Very useful thing
godwantsplastic (15 days ago)
Fullmetaleliot trees invented the wheel we just learned to use their technology.
Fullmetaleliot (18 days ago)
They also invented wheel by the way. Very useful thing
Slo Mo (18 days ago)
So Iran beat Iraq already a long time ago.
Andalus (18 days ago)
Neither of them existed
Elijah Marshall (18 days ago)
Didn't they invade Egypt and take their kkmnowledge of mathematics and writing from them?
Elijah Marshall (12 days ago)
+John DC I'm pretty sure Egypt existed much longer than they did. Even before Egypt it was Ta-Seti
John DC (13 days ago)
I don't think the Egyptian empire existed when they existed lol
5 HNP (18 days ago)
Gonna deny polygonal masonry?
Roberto Satriano (19 days ago)
Nice video! National geographic is 1 of the best source of knowledge. :))
Мохамед (19 days ago)
Our history is honorable, and our reality is bad ⁦ 🇮🇶⁩
Alex Andreas (19 days ago)
Assyrians keep claiming they are Akkadians and babylonians.... lol u guys are just delusional as the blacks that claim of ancient Egypt.. Chaldeans are the true inhabitants of Mesopotamia u assyrians are foreigners just like the Arabs
mrengtop (20 days ago)
Unfortunately you have made a huge mistake when you have added Kuwait and Syria to the purely Iraqi civilizations that you have already mentioned through the video all these inventions, innovations and flourished awareness took place inside Iraqi border known nowdays. However Kuwait already Iraqi terrotery in the past... Even more the name of modern Iraq derived from Uruk capital of the Sumerian kingdom ... Thanks
Ali Ramez (21 days ago)
Iraq was destroyed because of the invasion of the Mongols and what came after that period
don Ham (21 days ago)
Why this video not say anything about the anunnaki!?.....
Isaac Rizard (21 days ago)
Ripe place for bombing and annihilation. A tomb where civilisation dies.
alan hasan (21 days ago)
Welcome to my beloved iraq
E. L. (22 days ago)
Is there a longer video on this? Like 1 to 2 hours long?
hpensive (22 days ago)
Let's give Ethnicity some credit, how about explaining to people who those Babylonians came from. Nobody believes all those towns just "sprung up" 6000 years ago. Obviously people had been living in Africa for a very very long time before. Let ALL young children feel pride in the history of mankind. More importantly remind them what cultural heritage is being destroyed and people tortured by ceaseless conflict in these places you pay carefree attention to.
hpensive (15 days ago)
+Mo Diluted if anything but I don't have to make up stories about the people of Khem or Nubian people. Why don't we see Nat Geo giving them credit?
Mo (17 days ago)
hpensive another deluded “KANG”...
Walkertongdee (22 days ago)
Geo has really slipped so they make bite size videos not worth watching...
Amanj Haval (22 days ago)
Proud to be mesapotamian 😍
Riotmaker ZeroNine (23 days ago)
ISIS: "Such a place of idolatry, and they never heard Allah, DESTROY IT!" Me: "You're not in Makkah you're Islamic State of Idiots and Stupids."
Christofer Riche (23 days ago)
I love ancient history
Guest 666 (27 days ago)
I’m from kuwait
ehsan_iq (18 days ago)
+jassim mn no it Isn't. Stop acting like another autistic iraqi nationalist and be reasonable. There was no "Iraq" before 1920. While kuwait goes back to 1613.
jassim mn (23 days ago)
its part of Iraq just like Iran Occupied Ahwaz and saudi occupied Ahsaa
Vanesa Nunez (28 days ago)
I'm learning about Mesopotamia in history class, and I have a test on this after Thanksgiving break, thanks for the video!!!
Android Havoc (28 days ago)
You didn't knew simple thing that Syria is corrupt word of Sanskrit Surya means sun
Fuck You YOUTUBE (28 days ago)
It’s such a shame that civilisations such as these rarely ever get mentioned in our history books or made into movies. It’s always the Greeks and the Romans as if people of color weren’t civilised. 🤷🏽‍♂️
Arber UN (29 days ago)
I am proud to be Babylonians grandson
samarhafeez (29 days ago)
LeGrand Hanf (29 days ago)
Awesome video!!
sukruoosten (29 days ago)
no THE LORD YHWH made the 7 days en no one can change that !!!! go ask napoleon en see how did get him !!!!!!!!!!!! learn all these facts from the BIBLE over 4000 years history en science slowly step by step is catching up to it AMEN
Mo (17 days ago)
sukruoosten a friendly reminder; you forgot to take your meds again...
sukruoosten (29 days ago)
yeahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh im of assyrian decent !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! MY LAND
Veselka (29 days ago)
smart people were these Mesopotamia people . More smart then some people of today
peace-it-is (1 month ago)
Where is the indus civilization?....
charliemayne (1 month ago)
First Mesopotamia and then Alexandria what next!
Steven L (1 month ago)
3.20. Again Persian destroys .. including Roman Constantinople... And as Iran...what is it seeking to destroy..?
Steven L (18 days ago)
+Marcelo Delgado Need to correct you. There was no Turkey nation then. Its was then under the Ottoman Islamic caliphate empire which had also invaded took over and converted Iran. or Persia. Hence the 3 are the same by what ever name.
Marcelo Delgado (22 days ago)
Constantinople was taken by the Turks, not the Persians.
Omega Man (1 month ago)
Absolutely brilliant! Fantastic. Out of the park. Just a muted point... The fact that we still adhere to a Hammurabic code of law of an 'eye for an eye' mentality YET after all these years shows how little mankind has advanced. When the true norm should be nothing but unconditional love, compassion, empathy and understanding is being dominated and shifted with utter vile, brutal, harsh and cold treatment derivative of pseudo-Biblical post-Assyrian teaching. SHAME!
ShawN TyleR (1 month ago)
I love history 👍
youwea Chaw (1 month ago)
Great civilization~but unfortunately it's currently nation Iraqi is terrible destroy by western capitalism.
equesdeventusoccasus (1 month ago)
Interesting video, I would like to see it expanded into a more complete one that doesn't make it appear that the Akkadians were the lone cultural creators of the region. To speak of Mesopotamia without speaking of the Sumer people is an incomplete picture at best. To say that history goes Akkadians to Assyrian and Babylonian empires is to leave out some of the greatest and worst ideals and peoples of the region.
Danny Corleon (1 month ago)
Was the word ‘Assyrians’ even mentioned once? We all know who wrote the script here
Maria Kramer (1 month ago)
Mesopotamia doesn't get enough love in public school. It's all Egypt, Greece and Rome. 😐
Mathew Frazier (14 days ago)
I got schooled in Mesopotamia, idk where you went to school.. You also ignorantly forgot the Indus Valley (India) and the Yellow River Valley Civilizations (China). They were great too.
Mathew Frazier (14 days ago)
Forgetting India and China.
Stefano Giordanengo (16 days ago)
How about Persia (Iran)?
earth 1998 (16 days ago)
In belgium you dont have alot of lectures about egypt greece and rome..
Mohamed Shafran (1 month ago)
Talks about civilization, mentions Egyptian, Greece.... but forgets contemporary Indus valley civilization. What on earth is this?
kittens are cuter than human babies (1 month ago)
So basically the thumbnail is a fresco depicting precisely *Persians* out of the 23 nations represented in Persepolis yet NatGeo doesn't even mention Persians, nor how they freed the slaves , invented Qanats, windmills and ice pits, brought domesticated horses and monoteism, conquered lands with diplomacy and tolerance (unlike the aggressive methods of Babylonians and Assyrians)... This video is a testimony as to how much Nat Geo is biased regarding Persians and Iranians... what a bunch of ballonies
A B (7 days ago)
Yes, ancient Persia contributed so much to human civilization. It doesn't get enough recognition.
goodman2050 (15 days ago)
+omar rasheed you are one filthy bedouin arab. Mesopotamia had nothing to do with filthy arabs
drsingingeagle (1 month ago)
Define “civilization.” But thanks for the awesome video. I’ll certainly share this with my “Humanities 101” class.
Friday Saturday (1 month ago)
Sooo how did the Chinese arrive at their own civilization which mirrored many of these advances without access to this region? How did the Inca develop writing and mathematics without ever meeting anyone from the fertile crescent? It's a bit of a misrepresentation to speak about the "start" of civilization happening in Iraq/Syria when in fact civilization blossomed in different parts of the world for different reasons. It's perhaps more honest to say that European civilization is indebted to this civilization based on proximity and influence over Greece and eventually Rome. The Greeks learned quite a bit from the Egyptians as well. I'm unsure how much any of these cultures influenced the Chinese or Indus valley civilizations...I'd be curious to find out more about that.
Son of Mountain (1 month ago)
Ruined by Arabs.
Tav Yisrael (1 month ago)
And created all the world's religions of sun worship, father-god mother-god son-god worship thanks to Nimrod grandson of Ham.
MIDO Fighter (1 month ago)
i'm waiting for the balcks to claim that ancient Mesopotamia people were black
The MX Guru (1 month ago)
Soon we should know what came before this.
Mech Frza (1 month ago)
woloabel (1 month ago)
Raymond K Petry (1 month ago)
*_...[_**_00:07_**_] no, actually—junior, civilization moved from Egypt west to Kiengir east at 40 days after Adam K'Eb's birth in Elda EG, (K'Eve Nuit moved later), and 490± years later Cain WSR 'Anshar' QingU brought aboriginal Dravidians up to Sumer, of which Mered Marduk created mankind, and 300 years later Heru 2nd Enoch taught by T'Huti Thoth and Seth, brought fire and Reading, wRiting, and aRithmetic to the sons of god Ilu (Anu Enosh)—all in the family..._*
Nantz Stein (1 month ago)
gushernandez25 (1 month ago)
What about the Lost Book of Enki?
Remember 1493 (1 month ago)
I'm always suspicious of such "educational" videos about the history of the region where they deliberately create a timeline so as to safely exclude the part about the wonderful Muslim civilizations. Of cpurse if they show that they wkll also have to acknowledge that Muslims Christians Jews have been living in peace for a long time until the western colonizers came along. Instead they show ancient Mesopotamia--and cut straight to modern Muslims who are barbarian. In between, was nothing. NatGeo too cannot stand it - can never acknowledge it! - that Europe's Dark Ages ended thanks to Muslims. They'll never make a video about Mesopotamia during the Islamic Golden Age!
Alexandria School of Science (1 month ago)
current Mesopotamia is Iraq - a very uncivilized place
장진영 (1 month ago)
thank you for making good contents...
DEVINECLUB (1 month ago)
Look like black folks to me....
kittens are cuter than human babies (1 month ago)
You need glasses. None of them were black
Sasan Circle (1 month ago)
Why didn't you mention IRAN & TURKEY as Mesopotamian countries?! Tigris & Euphrates have sourced by mountains in Turkey and Iran also have Mesopotamian cities like Susa or Bisotun.
kittens are cuter than human babies (1 month ago)
+Sasan Circle in a way you are correct. Some very small parts of both Iran and Turkey might be located in Mesopotamia. But both you and I know that ancient Iranic peoples weren't originally from the flat lands of Mesopotamia, but rather from the Mountains of Caucasus, Central Asia and the Iranian plateau. There, the Iranic peoples mastered domestication of horses (and possibly invented the wheel) - they had completely different societies than the river-civilizations of Mesopotamia. Iranic peoples were also advanced in hydroengineering (Qanats, Yakhchals etc) and had tripartite societies, which are typical of the ancient Indo-Europeans.
Sasan Circle (1 month ago)
+Zachary Wilson-Long Yes you're right; Turkey is where Anatolian plateau starts and Iran also is the place which Iranian plateau is starting. But there is a flat place in the south-west of Zagros mountains(رشته کوه زاگرس) of the Iranian plateau called " Khuzestan(خوزستان) " which is a part of Ancient Mesopotamia and nowadays is located in the country of IRAN. I mean Turkey & especially Iran have a share in the History of Mesopotamia. This video named Kuwait as a Mesopotamian country while Kuwait even doesn't have any ancient Mesopotamian city. All I want to say is that either you must mention IRAQ only as a Mesopotamian country or when you mention Kuwait & Syria, You should mention Turkey and Iran too. Anyway it's good not to forget that Iran & Turkey are large countries and Mesopotamia is just one of their culture and history's parts.
Zachary Wilson-Long (1 month ago)
Iran and turkey are often grouped in their own regions. Mesopotamia is geographically pretty different from Turkey and Iran as those regions are mountainous and Mesopotamia is flat.
Andrew Boniface (1 month ago)
Get your facts straight Nat Geo, the Akkadian Empire didn't dissolved into Assyria and Babylonia. It was overan by the Gutians and it took HUNDREDS of years before the Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian Empire to arise.
Eliran (27 days ago)
Andrew Boniface They probably said it like that because assyria and babylon were the two greatest powers to come out of akkad.
Neurophobe (1 month ago)
2:15 Sun isn't a planet:)
Louis Christian Soriano (1 month ago)
they said it was a heavenly body, not specifying if it is a planet nor a star, rewatch it bro
Louis Christian Soriano (1 month ago)
the said it was a heavenly body, not specifying if it a planet or not... rewatch it dude
King Wisdom (1 month ago)
You are confusing people faith
artwelve22 (1 month ago)
I want this narrator to read the audiobook of my life story.
eee12335 (1 month ago)
Wrong fact for ' civilization begin one place' statement especially for astronomy. Gobekli tepe was dated 12000 years ago and has ancient astronomical symbols on the stones, means the people that carved them already knew astronomy before Ancient Mesopotamia.
jassim mn (23 days ago)
not really Mesopotamian reached the level of dividing the day to 24 hours and the year to 12 months based on astronomy they even drew the solar system planets as we know it today the months and many other things are named after mesoptamian gods
al bar (1 month ago)
1:58 hello jewish months *waves
ALI QASEIM (1 month ago)
Welcome to Iraq 🇮🇶
ALI QASEIM (1 month ago)
Wow I’m from iraq 🇮🇶